single-channel membrane filter Articles

  • Air filtration applications for membranes

    Given their unique performance attributes membranes are finding use in a growing number of high efficiency air filtration applications. One example is in respirators and personal protective equipment. Applications where intense physical demands and risk of exposure to harmful contaminants are present demand the high efficiency / low pressure drop combination of expanded polytetrafluoroethylene ...

  • The best alternative to the protection of the UF membranes - Case Study

    Advance solutions to the recirculation of water in swimming pools. Problem The public swimming pools are continuously used during all the week for many people for making sport, amusement or relax. In these installations, the visual aspect and the sanitary conditions must be guaranteed all the time. In indoor public pools, even with the mandatory previous shower and the use of ...


    By Sistema Azud, S.A.

  • High performance microbiological filter

    Filtration processes are a large cost component of pharmaceutical manufacture. The particle retention efficiency, particle capacity of the filter and the liquid flux all impact on product cost. A non woven electropositive filler media has been developed whose active component is an alumina (AlOOH) fiber two nanometers in diameter and having a surface area of 350-500 m7g. The nano fibers are ...


    By Argonide Corporation

  • Select Engineering Principles of Crossflow Membrane Technology

    Introduction Since the 1959 development by Sourirajan of the first viable RO membrane, crossflow membrane technology has been applied to an ever increasing range of liquid separation processes and markets. In food and beverage applications, crossflow membrane technology is used to purify the liquids we drink, concentrate and reconstitute juices, dewater and purify dairy products, and to help ...


  • Application of Membrane Technology for the Recovery and Reuse of Water

    Abstract As water and sewer costs are expected to increase over the next decade, membrane technology will continue to be a viable and economical option in the recovery and reuse of water. This paper describes the mechanism of membrane effected separation (specifically reverse osmosis, ultrafiltration and microfiltration), membranes commercially available, membrane element configurations, and how ...


  • Crossflow Membrane Filtration High-Purity Water Systems

    INTRODUCTION As the electronics industry continues to provide us with such products as high resolution television, notebook size portable computers and cars with automatic navigation systems, it becomes necessary to produce semiconductors with finer device geometries to allow for efficient placement of more circuits per a given area. This requires increased control of a semiconductor's material ...

  • Two Case Histories of Industrial Water Reuse Via Membrane Technology

    Abstract This paper describes two successful applications of ultrafiltration (UF) and reverse osmosis (RO) membrane technology used to reclaim water, reduce waste water discharge costs. The first case history covers oily waste water treatment at a major aluminum beverage can manufacturing plant. The second case describes treatment of waste water from a multi-plating bath section of a major ...


  • Solid / gas separation with fabric filters

    A myriad of filter media are utilized today for separation of particulate matter in industrial gas filtration applications. These media range from single use (deposable) to semi-permanent media and include fiber, fabric, ceramic, membrane, metal mesh, and sintered metal media. Semi-permanent media are usually cleanable, either on or off-line, and are primarily intended for long-term (up to ...

  • Biological filtration of poor quality brackish water reducing Reverse Osmosis membrane fouling

    Abstract A primary limitation in applying Reverse Osmosis (RO) is loss of performance caused by membrane fouling resulting from compounds that bacteria can use as energy or nutrient sources. When these compounds enter RO membranes, they are capable of sustaining extensive bacterial growths on the membrane sheets as well as within feed channel spacers. This leads to the entrapment of ...

  • Combined cycle power plant in southern india uses membrane desalination for boiler feed

    The Facility PPN, a 330 MW combined cycle power plant developed by PPN Power Generating Company, is located in Pillaiperumalnallur about 320 kilometers south of Chennai, India. It is one of the largest IPP power plants developed by an international consortium in India under a 30 year PPA with the state electricity board. The plant consists of a single dual fuel power block and ...

  • Explore the capabilities of nanofiltration and ultrafiltration. Filters have similar looks, different applications

    Introduction Even if you’re an expert in reverse osmosis (RO) membrane technology, you may be overlooking some applications using often neglected cousins of RO: nanofiltration (NF) and ultrafiltration (UF). Although virtually identical in looks to RO membranes, NF and UF membranes serve distinctly different separation functions. Dramatic levels of resource recovery, efficiency ...

  • Experimental investigation of inorganic nanofiltration membranes prepared by atomic layer deposition and sol–gel methods for saltless water softening

    This study explored saltless water softening with inorganic Nanofiltration (NF) membranes prepared by Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD) and a Tetraorthosilicate (TEOS) sol–gel process applied by the slip cast method. The experimental investigations were performed on different material–based inorganic NF membranes, including titanium dioxide (TiO2), alumina (Al2O3), silver ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • What is slip-flow and how does it affect filter performance?

    Recent scientific interest in nanofibers have many people exploring their use in filter media.  One of the advantages of nanofibers for gas phase depth filtration is the slip-flow phenomena.  The purpose of this article is to describe what is meant by the slip-flow phenomena and how it applies to filtration. Suppose you have a hypothetical camera that can take an instant snapshot of the ...

  • The determination of major and minor elements in air filters and urine for hazard assessment, using a new CCD DUAL-VIEWED ICP optical emission spectrometer

    This article describes the application of a new type of CCD-based, dualviewed ICP optical emission spectrometer for the analyses of industrial hygiene types of samples. Several trace elements in air filter media are determined by ICP-OES. Urinary electrolytes and trace elements are determined in a single dilution automatically in both the axial and radial plasma viewing orientations. Results of ...


    By PerkinElmer, Inc.

  • TB 72: Chinese chemical plant optimizes water treatment by replacing double pass ro with a single pass ro and liqui-cel® contactor system

    Electrodeionization (EDI) is widely used in many industrial water treatment systems throughout the world. In order to maximize the operating stability and life expectancy of an EDI system they were often designed with double pass RO using caustic injection pretreatment. However, in response to recent efforts to lower the capital expenditure and operating costs of double pass RO water treatment ...

  • Air/water cleaning for the control of particulate fouling

    Fouling of feed spacers in spiral wound membrane elements due to particulate fouling and biofouling is one of the main operational problems of nanofiltration or reverse osmosis membrane plants. Removal of particulate fouling from spiral wound membrane elements is investigated using frequent air/water cleaning (AWC). In a pilot setup two spiral wound elements were operated in parallel and were fed ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Methods of Water Purification

    This article is excerpted from 'Pure Water Handbook' published by Osmonics®, Inc. of Minnetonka, Minnesota USA and is printed with permission of Osmonics, Inc. Water treatment can be defined as any procedure or method used to alter the chemical composition or natural 'behavior' of a water supply. Water supplies are classified as either surface water or groundwater. The majority of public or ...

  • Valuing Global Valves

    Control valve solves flow control & pressure challenges Donnacona, Quebec, Canada, is an industrial town just west of Quebec City. The town’s water treatment plant was built in 1969 and has since undergone three major retrofits: new high-pressure pumps and an electrical upgrade in 1995; a filter bottoms change in 2000; and a river water intake upgrade in 2005. The plant includes ...


    By Singer Valve Inc.

  • Features of Reverse Osmosis (RO)

    1. Removal of dissolved salts  Reverse osmosis can stably and effectively remove dissolved salts, dissolved organic substances (trihalomethane, its precursors, agricultural chemicals, etc.), and micro fine particles (living germs, dead germs, and many other micro fine particles) from water. Thus it is ideal for a wide area of applications ranging from production of ultra pure water to ...


    By Toray Membrane Europe

  • RO Feedwater: Treat It Right

    Summary Crossflow membrane filtration systems, such as reverse osmosis (RO), nanofiltration (NF) or ultrafiltration (UF), are good alternatives to traditional filtration and chemical treatment. However, to get the best performance from them, careful attention must be paid to feedwater conditions. Pretreating feedwater can lengthen the life of membrane elements, improve the quality of the ...

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