sludge Articles

  • Using Anaerobic Biomass Digestion to Produce Hydrogen and Biofuel

    For many years, hydrogen has been considered as an alternative to fossil fuels. Now, Scientists are aiming to develop an environmentally friendly method to produce hydrogen from biomass by optimizing anaerobic digestion systems.1 Climate change, dwindling fuel resources and energy prices have spearheaded intensive efforts to detect and optimize ...


    By Edinburgh Instruments Ltd

  • Sludge Production

    Specific sludge production in wastewater treatment varies widely from 35 to 85 g dry solids per population equivalent per day (gTS PE-1 d-1). The production of primary sludge is related to the amount of settleable solids in raw wastewater whose solids content is typically of 50-60 gTSS PE-1 d-1 or 110-170 ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sewage sludge and waterworks sludge stabilization in sludge treatment reed bed systems

    In this study, results about sludge stabilization in sludge treatment reed bed (STRB) systems in two different systems, Hanningfield STRB 1 (England), treating waterworks sludge, and Stenlille STRB 2 (Denmark), treating surplus activated sludge, are presented. The study mainly focused on the effectiveness of the STRBs systems in stabilizing sludge organic matter; in fact, parameters correlated ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • New processes for the improvement of sludge digestion and sludge dewatering

    INTRODUCTIONThe examination of numerous sewage sludges from municipal wastewater treatment plants leads to the conclusion that on the one hand dewaterability of these sludges worsens and that on the other hand dewaterability of sludges becomes more and more important due to increasing disposal costs. Especially wastewater treatment plants with inflows from the food processing industry often face ...


    By Cambi Group AS

  • In-Transit Sludge - Odor Control

    Products & Equipment Used: Pneumatic Foam Unit NT/5 (ELECTRIC) AC-904 (BLACK) Long Duration Foam AC-905 (RED) Long Duration Foam Application Summary: The Lynn (MA) Water and Sewer Commission's (LWSC) incinerator, dedicated for burning sewage sludge, was shut down because of emissions that exceeded regulatory limits. LWSC ...


    By Rusmar Inc.

  • Sludge Management in the Philippines

    This article provides an overview of four case studies into Faecal Sludge Management (FSM), all evaluated in July 2012. The studies took place in four cities in the Philippines – Dumaguete City, San Fernando City, Maynilad Water for the West Zone of Metro Manila and Manila Water for the East Zone of Metro Manila – and were chosen for their different approaches to implementing FSM. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Industrial Sludge Wastewater Treatment

    Industrial Sludge Wastewater Treatment Industrial Sludge Treatment Facility Oxygen Mixing Injection Dissolved Oxygen Boosted with Liquid Oxygen to Improve Bacteriological ...


    By Integrated Engineers Inc.

  • Controlling Sludge in Lamella Clarifiers

    This month we are focusing on the control of sludge blanket build up in Lamella Clarifiers. Lamella Clarifiers, also known as Inclined Plate Separators (IPS) are in common use at Waste Water Treatment Sites as small footprint plant settlement units and are often employed in ...


    By Partech (Electronics) Ltd.

  • Study on sewage sludge gasification

    Aimed at creating new technology to reduct greenhouse gas emission, the Tokyo Bureau of Sewerage has developed a system generating electricity with a gas engine using biogas generated by pyrolytic gasification of sewage sludge in a fluidized-bed gasifier. A 15t/d demonstration facility was built based on a dehydrated sludge and demonstration tests were run for 3400 hours from 2005. As a result of ...

  • Technical Focus: Sludge Blanket

    Regardless of treatment process, sludge blanket control is an important aspect of any wastewater treatment plant, and correct monitoring and treatment of sludge is paramount for efficiency and cost control. Manual monitoring of sludge blanket levels is an occasional and often rushed method of control and can lead to inaccuracies being compounded over time, potentially leading to overspill into ...


    By Partech (Electronics) Ltd.

  • Containment for Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    Containment treatments are often performed to prevent, or significantly reduce, the migration of contaminants in soils or ground water. Containment is necessary whenever contaminated materials are to be buried or left in place at a site. In general, containment is performed when extensive subsurface contamination at a site precludes excavation and removal of wastes because of potential hazards, ...

  • Sludge Landfill - Odor Control

    Products & Equipment Used: Pneumatic Foam Unit 1600/40 AC-920 Long Duration Foam Application Summary: The Lynn (MA) Water and Sewer Commission's incinerator, dedicated for burning secondary sewage sludge, was shut down because of stack emissions that exceeded regulatory standards. The sludge that was usually burned had to be placed ...


    By Rusmar Inc.

  • Shining a light on sludge

    HACH LANGE's Solitax turbidity/ suspended solids sensor has been integrated into a tanker reception system to enable the measurement of solids concentration in wastewater movements to and from treatment plants and in trade waste applications for monitoring strengths of imported wastes. JR Pridham Services Ltd (JRP) developed the system to provide visibility of both quantitative and qualitative ...


  • Sludge Treatment and Disposal Technologies

    Most wastewater treatment processes produce a by-product that purifies wastewater before it is released into local waterways. This by-product is named as sludge. Typically in solid, semi-solid or liquid state, it is in fact an amalgamation of all the liquid wastes that are discharged by domestic houses, commercial properties, industry, and/or agriculture after aerobic biological treatment. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sludge Respirometry at Avecia, Grangemouth

    Untitled Document Avecia is now using the Strathkelvin Activated Sludge Respirometer in its effluent management programme, at its ...

  • Environmental sludge treatment

    During the process of wastewater treatment, sludge generation is an important and at times crucial issue to be addressed as inadequate sludge handling system can pose serious environmental implications. Liquid sludge can be easily thickened and reduced to a solid cake via sludge thickening / dewatering. This reduces the volume of liquid sludge significantly, usually resulting in a quite ...


    By Doyen Machinery CO., Ltd

  • Denitrification and Floating Sludge

    What is Denitrification? Denitrification is the conversion of soluble nitrate to nitrogen gas in the nitrogen cycle. For denitrification to occur, three factors are needed: Presence of Nitrate Anoxic conditions (no free dissolved oxygen) A carbon source (soluble BOD) Floating Sludge Denitrification is useful and ...

  • Colloidal sludge - case study

    YEAR: 2003 COUNTRY: ITALY N° and MACHINERY MODEL EMPLOYED: 1  JETFILTER RH 1000.70 Diemme® Filtration The customer is a company that produces ceramic pastes, requiring the dewatering of ceramic barbotine, a colloidal material which is difficult to dewater. It already had a filter press that did not have the ...


    By Aqseptence Group

  • Oil Field Sludge Dewatering

    An oil field contract dewatering company was unable to dewater the oily/water/solids from several oil field storage tanks using conventional coagulants/flocculants. The swings in solids loading and oil content made it very difficult to control the correct dosage rate as conventional chemistry has a very tight tolerance to maintain a dewaterable floc. The result was an ongoing blinding problem for ...


    By Integrated Engineers Inc.

  • A review on sludge dewatering indices

    Dewatering of sludge from sewage treatment plants is proving to be a significant challenge due to the large amounts of residual sludges generated annually. In recent years, research and development have focused on improving the dewatering process in order to reduce subsequent costs of sludge management and transport. To achieve this goal, it is necessary to establish reliable indices that ...


    By IWA Publishing

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