sludge analysis Articles

  • Sludge reduction and performance analysis of a modified sludge reduction process

    A modified sludge process reduction activated sludge (SPRAS) technology was developed by inserting a sludge process reduction (SPR) module, composed of an aeration tank and a settler, before the activated sludge system was proposed in this study. Compared with the anaerobic/anoxic/aerobic (AAO) process, the SPRAS resulted in a remarkable decrease in sludge production by 76.6%; sludge ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Analysis of methane emissions from digested sludge

    The energetic use of sewage sludge is an important step in the generation of electricity and heat within a wastewater treatment plant (WWTP). For a holistic approach, methane emissions derived from anaerobic treatment have to be considered. Measurements show that methane dissolved in digested sludge can be analyzed via the vacuum salting out degassing method. At different WWTPs, dissolved ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Analysis of Sewage and Sewage Sludge by Simultaneous ICP Spectroscopy

    In recent years, the development and expansion of sewage treatment facilities has resulted in increased amounts of sludge which is generated in the treatment process, and which has presented a problem due to processing of the sludge itself. Sludge is normally incinerated or solidified and then disposed of in landfills or recycled for use in construction materials such as concrete or ...

  • Short-term performance analysis of sludge treatment reed beds

    Sludge treatment reed beds (STRBs) represent an established technology for managing sludge produced by wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). In this study, an analysis conducted on sludge stratigraphy in a STRB serving the municipal WWTPs of Helsinge (42,000 person equivalent, Denmark) is presented. The STRB has been in operation since 1996. The analysis was conducted for four months including ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Image analysis of sludge aggregates obtained at preliminary treatment of sewage

    The results of wastewater treatment by Al and Fe salts and by electrocoagulation with aluminum electrodes are discussed and interpreted. Those processes used alone or combined with biological treatment, were analyzed for 50 and 90% removal of phosphates. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) of the resulting sludge from three coagulation processes defined the perimeter P and area ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Validation of a new image analysis procedure for quantifying filamentous bacteria in activated sludge

    Quantification of filamentous bacteria in activated sludge systems can be made by manual counting under a microscope or by the application of various automated image analysis procedures. The latter has been significantly developed in the last two decades. In this work a new method based upon automated image analysis techniques was elaborated and presented. It consisted of three stages: (a) ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Fast and reliable analysis of wastewater and sludges with a scanning array ICP emission spectrometer

    Wastewater and sludge analyses generally require the determination of many elements and are economically performed using ICP-OES, due to the speed and robustness of this technique. Several ICP-OES methods are available for this determination including EPA method 200.7 (1). In the USA, DIN 38 406 E22 (2) in Germany, or ISO 11885 (3) on a global scale. For this type of application, the ...


    By PerkinElmer, Inc.

  • Environmental Analysis of BTEX Compounds in Soil, Water and Sludge by GC / PID

    Because of the widespread use and history of indiscriminate disposal practices of gasoline and fuel oils, their analysis in environmental samples is in high demand. Gasoline and diesel are both complex mixtures containing up to 400 individual compounds. The BTEX group (Benzene, Toluene, Ethylbenzene, and the Xylenes) are naturally occurring constituents of gasoline and diesel (although also ...


    By Buck Scientific Inc

  • Analysis of sludge aggregates produced during electrocoagulation of model wastewater

    This paper presents the results of the study of sludge aggregates produced during electrocoagulation of model wastewater of a composition corresponding to the effluents from the cellulose and paper industry. Wastewater was electrocoagulated statically using aluminium electrodes with a current density of 31.25 A m−2 and 62.50 A m−2. In subsequent stages of the treatment, sludge flocs were ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Shining a light on sludge

    HACH LANGE's Solitax turbidity/ suspended solids sensor has been integrated into a tanker reception system to enable the measurement of solids concentration in wastewater movements to and from treatment plants and in trade waste applications for monitoring strengths of imported wastes. JR Pridham Services Ltd (JRP) developed the system to provide visibility of both quantitative and qualitative ...


  • Removal of hydrogen sulphide on sewage sludge/industrial sludge based carbonaceous adsorbents

    The adsorbents were prepared for sewage sludge, waste oil sludge and metal oil sludge. On the materials obtained dynamic adsorption of H2S was measured. The initial and exhausted adsorbents were characterised using sorption of nitrogen, thermal analysis, and XRF, XRD and surface pH measurements. The adsorbents have high capacity for H2S (10% wt) The high volume of mesopores contributes ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Strength characteristics of aerobic granular sludge

    Aerobic granular sludge has a number of advantages over conventional activated sludge flocs, such as cohesive and strong matrix, fast settling characteristic, high biomass retention and ability to withstand high organic loadings, all aspects leading towards a compact reactor system. Still there are very few studies on the strength of aerobic granules. A procedure that has been used previously for ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The laminar/turbulent transition in a sludge pipeline

    Globally, wastewater treatment plants are under pressure to handle high concentration sludge in a sludge treatment line. Unawareness of the non-Newtonian behaviour of the thickened sludge has the potential to cause unexpected problems when the fluid behaviour changes from turbulent to laminar flow. In this study, sludge apparent viscosity was plotted as a function of total suspended solids ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Dredged sludge filtration - case study

    YEAR: 2009 COUNTRY: BELGIUM N° and MACHINERY MODEL EMPLOYED: 12  GHT 2000.P19 MEM Diemme® Filtration In Antwerp Harbour, lots of sediment accumulates, equal to 600,000 tons of dry material, which caused a gradual decrease in depth with the consequent reduction in navigability. Since a few years ago, the ...

  • The effect of heavy metals on the activated sludge process and its microbial community analysis using 16S ribosomal DNA

    The effect of heavy metal shock loading on biological treatment systems was studied by traditional methods and molecular biological techniques. Two kinds of SBR (sequence batch reactor) operation units, unacclimated and acclimated activated sludge systems, were studied. The addition of special nutrients and powdered activated carbon (PAC) to stimulate heavy metal uptake and recovery were studied. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • An analysis of the environmental management elements related to the improvements of the drying kinetics of waste activated sludge by Fenton peroxidation

    Advanced sludge treatment processes (AST) reduce the amount of sludge produced and improve the dewaterability, thus probably also affecting the heat transfer properties and the drying characteristics of the sludge. This paper studies the influence of the Fenton peroxidation on the thermal conductivity of the sludge. Results demonstrate that the Fenton's peroxidation improves the sludge cake ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Microbial community analysis during continuous fermentation of thermally hydrolysed waste activated sludge

    Acidogenic fermentation of thermally hydrolysed waste activated sludge was carried out at laboratory scale in two reactors operated under different hydraulic retention times (HRT). Process performance was assessed in terms of volatile fatty acid (VFA) composition and yield. The diversity of the microbial population was investigated by constructing a 16S rRNA gene library and subsequent ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sludge digestion instead of aerobic stabilisation – a cost benefit analysis based on experiences in Germany

    As a consequence of a worldwide increase of energy costs, the efficient use of sewage sludge as a renewable energy resource must be considered, even for smaller wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) with design capacities between 10,000 and 50,000 population equivalent (PE). To find the lower limit for an economical conversion of an aerobic stabilisation plant into an anaerobic stabilisation ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Analysis of the effect of zinc ions on activated sludge microbes by random amplified polymorphism DNA (RAPD)

    The effect of zinc ions on activated sludge microbes was investigated. Zinc ions inhibit the degradation and transformation of substances, and acclimation has little effect on the inhibition of ammonia and nitrite transformation. The change of diversity and similarity of the bacterial community acclimated by zinc were analysed by random amplified polymorphism DNA (RAPD). The results showed that ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Influence of reactor configuration on reliability of activated sludge process

    The effect of uncertainty in system parameters and the accuracy of the mathematical model used on the design and reliability of the activated sludge process is investigated by Monte Carlo simulations. Simulations indicate that the coefficient of variation for a reactor volume varies from 0.56 for a single mixed tank reactor to 0.44 for a plug flow reactor. The coefficient of variation for ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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