sludge drying Articles

  • Sludge Drying Overview - Treatment Methods and Applications

    Sludge is a residual, semi-solid by-product left from industrial or refining processes. It is a separated solid suspended in a liquid, typically containing major quantities of interstitial water between its solid particles.  This material can be dried to cut its volume and reduce most of the moisture content of the biosolids present in the sludge. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • RTO on sewage sludge drying plant - Case Study

    This RTO was installed to treat the exhaust from a large sewage sludge drier and to provide compliance with environmental legislation. ...

  • Large-scale solar sludge drying in Managua/Nicaragua

    Within the framework of a programme aimed at reducing the biological contamination of Lake Managua, a central wastewater treatment plant for the city of Managua (1.1 million p. e.) was constructed and commissioned at the end of 2009. Annual sludge production amounts to 26,000 m3 and sludge disposal and/or reuse thus present a major challenge. Based on the results of extensive studies, the ...


    By IST-Anlagenbau GmbH

  • High dry solids digestion

    ABSTRACTDigestion of sewage sludge normally takes place at pH values between 7,0 and 7,5. Control methods of the process stability are based on practical experience such as the ratio of volatile fatty acids (VFA) and total alkalinity (TA). Thermal sludge disintegration for an enhanced digestion process allows a digester feed with higher dry solids concentrations. This is due to an opening of ...


    By Cambi Group AS

  • Sludge Production

    Specific sludge production in wastewater treatment varies widely from 35 to 85 g dry solids per population equivalent per day (gTS PE-1 d-1). The production of primary sludge is related to the amount of settleable solids in raw wastewater whose solids content is typically of 50-60 gTSS PE-1 d-1 or 110-170 ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sludge drying beds, Sarasota County, Florida - Case Study

    Dewatering sludge at wastewater treatment plants has traditionally been a major operational concern. Most large operations must use mechanical filter presses or centrifuges to efficiently dewater their sludge. For many smaller operations, however, this equipment is too expensive and too large for their needs. Therefore, many smaller facilities rely on the sand filter drying beds for sludge ...


    By Presto Geosystems

  • High dry solids digestion

    Abstract Digestion of sewage sludge normally takes place at pH values between 7,0 and 7,5. Control methods of the process stability are based on practical experience such as the ratio of volatile fatty acids (VFA) and total alkalinity (TA). Thermal sludge disintegration for an enhanced digestion process allows a digester feed with higher dry solids concentrations. This is due to an ...


    By Cambi Group AS

  • Sewage sludge and waterworks sludge stabilization in sludge treatment reed bed systems

    In this study, results about sludge stabilization in sludge treatment reed bed (STRB) systems in two different systems, Hanningfield STRB 1 (England), treating waterworks sludge, and Stenlille STRB 2 (Denmark), treating surplus activated sludge, are presented. The study mainly focused on the effectiveness of the STRBs systems in stabilizing sludge organic matter; in fact, parameters correlated ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Investigation of the effects of temperature and sludge characteristics on odors and VOC emissions during the drying process of sewage sludge

    Sludge drying is a necessary step for sludge disposal. In this study, sludge was collected from two wastewater treatment plants, and dried at different temperatures in the laboratory. The emission of odor and total volatile organic compounds (TVOCs) during the sludge drying process were determined by an online odor monitoring system. The volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in off-gas were analyzed ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The thin-layer drying characteristics of sewage sludge by the appropriate foaming pretreatment

    As dewatered sludge is highly viscous and sticky, the combination of foaming pretreatment and drying process seems to be an alternative method to improve the drying performance of dewatered sludge. In this study, CaO addition followed by mechanical whipping was employed for foaming the dewatered sludge. It was found that the foams were stable and the diameters of bubbles mainly ranged from 0.1 ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Performance of a system with full- and pilot-scale sludge drying reed bed units treating septic tank sludge in Brazil

    This study investigated the performance of sludge drying reed beds (SDRB) at full- and pilot-scale treating sludge from septic tanks in the city of Belo Horizonte, Brazil. The treatment units, planted with Cynodon spp., were based on an adaptation of the first-stage of the French vertical-flow constructed wetland, originally developed for treating sewage. Two different operational phases ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Exposure to dust, endotoxin and airborne microorganisms in wastewater sludge thermal drying units

    The objective of this study was to assess workers' exposure to bioaerosols in sludge drying units. Simultaneous collection of inhalable dust and airborne biological agents was carried out using rotating cup samplers (CIP 10, Arelco). Sixteen stationary and 30 personal measurements were performed in three drying plants, during summer and winter. Microbial content of air was characterized by high ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Biosolids- Considering the Types, Applications and Biosolids Drying Methods

    While some water treatment plants are meant to simply make the sludge safe enough to dispose of, most facilities continue to treat the sludge so that the material can be put to good use in their communities. Once sludge is treated and processed to meet EPA safety standards for productive use, the resulting nutrient-rich organic material is termed as biosolids. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Advanced Dewatering & Drying System – A Performance Model

    Since the beginning of 2006, an advanced dewatering and drying system has been operating in the United Kingdom. The facility is producing greater than 40 dry metric tonnes per day of enhanced biosolids in accordance with European Union regulations. The facility is producing biosolids with pathogen levels near minimum detectable levels. This is being achieved with an energy usage less than the ...

  • Fate of Pathogens in Sludge Sand Drying Beds at Qateef, Khobar and Dammam: A Case Study

    Due to uncontrolled dump of dried municipal sludge and its use by farmers as soil conditioner and/or fertilizer, an extensive research was conducted in order to determine the microbiological characteristics of municipal sludges produced at three major cities, namely, Qateef, Dammam and Khobar in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia. Sludge samples were collected, from sand ...


    By University of Tehran

  • Simulation of sludge dewatering on belt filters

    A mathematical model for belt filters was developed to determine optimum load rate and belt speed during drainage of flocculated biological sludge. Numerical simulations were performed for belt filters with and without plows, and the model fit experimental data well. Experiments showed that highly compressible cakes were formed during drainage, which was important. Due to cake compression, the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Dry cleaning plant: Boston, Massachusetts

    Site Summary Dry cleaning solvents were found in the soil under a parking lot adjacent to a large dry cleaning plant located in a mixed commercial and residential suburb of Boston, Massachusetts. The contamination was traced back to a storm water catch basin in the parking lot which contained sediment and sludge with high concentrations of the dry cleaning solvent perchloroethene (PCE). The ...


    By CL Solutions, LLC

  • Manitou Drive Biosolids Drying Facility - Case Study

    About the Project The WWTP is a conventional activated sludge process with chemical phosphorus removal, anaerobic sludge digestion and sodium hypochlorite disinfection, and has a rated design capacity of 123 million litres/day (MLD). The treated effluent is discharged to the Grand ...


    By Biorem Technologies Inc.

  • Solar drying of sewage sludge - An old method with modern technology using Wendewolf®

    Any Sewage Water Work throughout the world will produce sludge, a form of biomass growing in the basins. This biomass has to be evacuated and is, generally speaking difficult to handle! When liquid it has a dry matter of 3 to 4 %, or only 30 to 40 kg per ton of sludge, when mechanically dehydrated to 20 - 25 % most of it is still water, as an average  750 to 800 kg per ton of filter cake. ...


    By IST-Anlagenbau GmbH

  • Dredged sludge filtration - case study

    YEAR: 2009 COUNTRY: BELGIUM N° and MACHINERY MODEL EMPLOYED: 12  GHT 2000.P19 MEM Diemme® Filtration In Antwerp Harbour, lots of sediment accumulates, equal to 600,000 tons of dry material, which caused a gradual decrease in depth with the consequent reduction in navigability. Since a few years ago, the ...


    By Aqseptence Group GmbH

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