sludge drying Articles

  • Sludge Drying Overview - Treatment Methods and Applications

    Sludge is a residual, semi-solid by-product left from industrial or refining processes. It is a separated solid suspended in a liquid, typically containing major quantities of interstitial water between its solid particles.  This material can be dried to cut its volume and reduce most of the moisture content of the biosolids present in the sludge. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Large-scale solar sludge drying in Managua/Nicaragua

    Within the framework of a programme aimed at reducing the biological contamination of Lake Managua, a central wastewater treatment plant for the city of Managua (1.1 million p. e.) was constructed and commissioned at the end of 2009. Annual sludge production amounts to 26,000 m3 and sludge disposal and/or reuse thus present a major challenge. Based on the results of extensive studies, the ...


    By IST-Anlagenbau GmbH

  • Sludge drying beds, Sarasota County, Florida

    Dewatering sludge at wastewater treatment plants has traditionally been a major operational concern. Most large operations must use mechanical filter presses or centrifuges to efficiently dewater their sludge. For many smaller operations, however, this equipment is too expensive and too large for their needs. Therefore, many smaller facilities rely on the sand filter drying beds for sludge ...


    By Presto Geosystems

  • Case study - Procurement and installation of a Biogas desulphurization unit at the Chania WWTP

    A proposal based on Bioconservacion’s technology was selected as the winning bid in the public tender released in 2015, covering the design, procurement and construction of a biogas desulfurizing unit to be installed in the waste water treatment plant in Chania, Greece. With a population over 100,000, Chania is the second largest municipality in the Greek island of Crete. Its waste water ...


    By Bioconservacion SA

  • Exposure to dust, endotoxin and airborne microorganisms in wastewater sludge thermal drying units

    The objective of this study was to assess workers' exposure to bioaerosols in sludge drying units. Simultaneous collection of inhalable dust and airborne biological agents was carried out using rotating cup samplers (CIP 10, Arelco). Sixteen stationary and 30 personal measurements were performed in three drying plants, during summer and winter. Microbial content of air was characterized by high ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Solar drying of sewage sludge - An old method with modern technology using Wendewolf®

    Any Sewage Water Work throughout the world will produce sludge, a form of biomass growing in the basins. This biomass has to be evacuated and is, generally speaking difficult to handle! When liquid it has a dry matter of 3 to 4 %, or only 30 to 40 kg per ton of sludge, when mechanically dehydrated to 20 - 25 % most of it is still water, as an average  750 to 800 kg per ton of filter cake. ...


    By IST-Anlagenbau GmbH

  • The thin-layer drying characteristics of sewage sludge by the appropriate foaming pretreatment

    As dewatered sludge is highly viscous and sticky, the combination of foaming pretreatment and drying process seems to be an alternative method to improve the drying performance of dewatered sludge. In this study, CaO addition followed by mechanical whipping was employed for foaming the dewatered sludge. It was found that the foams were stable and the diameters of bubbles mainly ranged from 0.1 ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Investigation of the effects of temperature and sludge characteristics on odors and VOC emissions during the drying process of sewage sludge

    Sludge drying is a necessary step for sludge disposal. In this study, sludge was collected from two wastewater treatment plants, and dried at different temperatures in the laboratory. The emission of odor and total volatile organic compounds (TVOCs) during the sludge drying process were determined by an online odor monitoring system. The volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in off-gas were analyzed ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sludge Production

    Specific sludge production in wastewater treatment varies widely from 35 to 85 g dry solids per population equivalent per day (gTS PE-1 d-1). The production of primary sludge is related to the amount of settleable solids in raw wastewater whose solids content is typically of 50-60 gTSS PE-1 d-1 or 110-170 ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Performance of a system with full- and pilot-scale sludge drying reed bed units treating septic tank sludge in Brazil

    This study investigated the performance of sludge drying reed beds (SDRB) at full- and pilot-scale treating sludge from septic tanks in the city of Belo Horizonte, Brazil. The treatment units, planted with Cynodon spp., were based on an adaptation of the first-stage of the French vertical-flow constructed wetland, originally developed for treating sewage. Two different operational phases ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • High dry solids digestion

    ABSTRACTDigestion of sewage sludge normally takes place at pH values between 7,0 and 7,5. Control methods of the process stability are based on practical experience such as the ratio of volatile fatty acids (VFA) and total alkalinity (TA). Thermal sludge disintegration for an enhanced digestion process allows a digester feed with higher dry solids concentrations. This is due to an opening of ...


    By Cambi AS

  • High dry solids digestion

    Abstract Digestion of sewage sludge normally takes place at pH values between 7,0 and 7,5. Control methods of the process stability are based on practical experience such as the ratio of volatile fatty acids (VFA) and total alkalinity (TA). Thermal sludge disintegration for an enhanced digestion process allows a digester feed with higher dry solids concentrations. This is due to an ...


    By Cambi AS

  • Fate of Pathogens in Sludge Sand Drying Beds at Qateef, Khobar and Dammam: A Case Study

    Due to uncontrolled dump of dried municipal sludge and its use by farmers as soil conditioner and/or fertilizer, an extensive research was conducted in order to determine the microbiological characteristics of municipal sludges produced at three major cities, namely, Qateef, Dammam and Khobar in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia. Sludge samples were collected, from sand ...


    By University of Tehran

  • Insitu mixing of dry and slurried reagents in soil and sludge using shallow soil mixing

    Introduction Recent implementation for the Federal Hazardous Waste Land Disposal Restrictions (LDR) to RCRA and USEPA's willingness to approve on-site treatment and/or containment has allowed in situ treatment methods to become viable options in site remediation. Shallow Soil Mixing (SSM) is one of several in situ mixing techniques now commercially available for use in on-site treatment of ...


    By Geo-Con, Inc.

  • An analysis of the environmental management elements related to the improvements of the drying kinetics of waste activated sludge by Fenton peroxidation

    Advanced sludge treatment processes (AST) reduce the amount of sludge produced and improve the dewaterability, thus probably also affecting the heat transfer properties and the drying characteristics of the sludge. This paper studies the influence of the Fenton peroxidation on the thermal conductivity of the sludge. Results demonstrate that the Fenton's peroxidation improves the sludge cake ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Aplication of Solar Energy for Drying of Sludge from Pharmaceutical Industrial Waste Water and Probable Reuse

    Sludge, which is produced as a by-product of all treatment processes, has considerable potential as a fertilizer and soil conditioner. Many authorities now discharge the sludge after treatment directly to agricultural land in liquid form, while some others dewater and dry it first. In either case, with proper marketing, it is generally possible for an authority to earn revenue ...


    By University of Tehran

  • CORK, Ireland: INNODRY 2E®–Complete sludge treatment solution including dewatering, drying and granulate storage

    Cork WWP (Ireland) was designed in 2000. The specifications did require a complete sludge treatment solution including dewatering, drying and granulate storage. The system was to take maximum advantage of the biogas produced by digesters as well as any surplus heat used for the heating of the digesters. The drying equipment had to be flexible in order to cover the varying production rates and, at ...

  • Dry cleaning plant: Boston, Massachusetts

    Site Summary Dry cleaning solvents were found in the soil under a parking lot adjacent to a large dry cleaning plant located in a mixed commercial and residential suburb of Boston, Massachusetts. The contamination was traced back to a storm water catch basin in the parking lot which contained sediment and sludge with high concentrations of the dry cleaning solvent perchloroethene (PCE). The ...


    By CL Solutions, LLC

  • Biosolids- Considering the Types, Applications and Biosolids Drying Methods

    While some water treatment plants are meant to simply make the sludge safe enough to dispose of, most facilities continue to treat the sludge so that the material can be put to good use in their communities. Once sludge is treated and processed to meet EPA safety standards for productive use, the resulting nutrient-rich organic material is termed as biosolids. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Simulation of sludge dewatering on belt filters

    A mathematical model for belt filters was developed to determine optimum load rate and belt speed during drainage of flocculated biological sludge. Numerical simulations were performed for belt filters with and without plows, and the model fit experimental data well. Experiments showed that highly compressible cakes were formed during drainage, which was important. Due to cake compression, the ...


    By IWA Publishing

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