sludge drying bed Articles

  • Sludge drying beds, Sarasota County, Florida - Case Study

    Dewatering sludge at wastewater treatment plants has traditionally been a major operational concern. Most large operations must use mechanical filter presses or centrifuges to efficiently dewater their sludge. For many smaller operations, however, this equipment is too expensive and too large for their needs. Therefore, many smaller facilities rely on the sand filter drying beds for sludge ...


    By Presto Geosystems

  • Performance of a system with full- and pilot-scale sludge drying reed bed units treating septic tank sludge in Brazil

    This study investigated the performance of sludge drying reed beds (SDRB) at full- and pilot-scale treating sludge from septic tanks in the city of Belo Horizonte, Brazil. The treatment units, planted with Cynodon spp., were based on an adaptation of the first-stage of the French vertical-flow constructed wetland, originally developed for treating sewage. Two different operational phases ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Fate of Pathogens in Sludge Sand Drying Beds at Qateef, Khobar and Dammam: A Case Study

    Due to uncontrolled dump of dried municipal sludge and its use by farmers as soil conditioner and/or fertilizer, an extensive research was conducted in order to determine the microbiological characteristics of municipal sludges produced at three major cities, namely, Qateef, Dammam and Khobar in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia. Sludge samples were collected, from sand ...


    By University of Tehran

  • Effect of filter media thickness on the performance of sand drying beds used for faecal sludge management

    The effect of sand filter media thickness on the performance of faecal sludge (FS) drying beds was determined in terms of: dewatering time, contaminant load removal efficiency, solids generation rate, nutrient content and helminth eggs viability in the dried sludge. A mixture of ventilated improved pit latrine sludge and septage in the ratio 1:2 was dewatered using three pilot-scale sludge ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Dewatering sludge originating in water treatment works in reed bed systems

    The dewatering process of the liquid water works sludge was examined in a trial with a series of six trial beds, each 20 m2. These were monitored from April 2008 to June 2010. It is possible to get the vegetation to grow in ferric sludge (∼300,000 mg Fe/kg dry solid, pH 7,7). It has not been necessary to use fertilizer. The influence of the loading programs (15–50 kg dry solid/m2/year) was tested ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sludge treatment reed bed facilities – organic load and operation problems

    The dewatering of the sludge with loss on ignition between 50 and 65% will have a maximal drainage on the order of 0.008–0.020 L/s/m2. Dewatering of the sludge with loss of ignition higher than 65% of dry solids will have a maximal drainage on the order of only 0.001–0.004 L/s/m2, approximately five to 10 times lower. It can be seen that there is a tendency for the achievable dewatering result to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Greenhouse gas emissions from sludge treatment reed beds

    Sludge treatment reed bed systems (STRBs) are considered as an alternative technology for surplus sludge treatment. Organic matter is decomposed by various microbial reactions, resulting in gases such as CO2 and CH4 emitting into the atmosphere. The aim of this study is to investigate gas emission from STRBs. The static transparent chamber was adopted to measure gas emission; it allows ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Economic assessment of sludge handling and environmental impact of sludge treatment in a reed bed system

    The effect on the environment of the establishment and operation of a sludge treatment reed bed system (STRB) is quite limited compared to mechanical sludge dewatering, with its accompanying use of energy and chemicals. The assessment presented here of the investment, operation and maintenance costs of a typical STRB, and of the related environmental impact, is based on the experiences gained ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Solar drying of sewage sludge - An old method with modern technology using Wendewolf®

    Any Sewage Water Work throughout the world will produce sludge, a form of biomass growing in the basins. This biomass has to be evacuated and is, generally speaking difficult to handle! When liquid it has a dry matter of 3 to 4 %, or only 30 to 40 kg per ton of sludge, when mechanically dehydrated to 20 - 25 % most of it is still water, as an average  750 to 800 kg per ton of filter cake. ...


    By IST-Anlagenbau GmbH

  • Operational strategy, economic and environmental performance of sludge treatment reed bed systems – based on 28 years of experience

    Sludge treatment reed bed (STRB) systems have been used for dewatering and mineralisation of sludge in Europe since 1988. STRB systems provide substantial environmental, economic, and operational benefits compared to mechanical sludge dewatering solutions such as belt presses and centrifuges. They require less energy, no chemicals, reduce the sludge volume and produce bio solids with dry solid ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Aplication of Solar Energy for Drying of Sludge from Pharmaceutical Industrial Waste Water and Probable Reuse

    Sludge, which is produced as a by-product of all treatment processes, has considerable potential as a fertilizer and soil conditioner. Many authorities now discharge the sludge after treatment directly to agricultural land in liquid form, while some others dewater and dry it first. In either case, with proper marketing, it is generally possible for an authority to earn revenue ...


    By University of Tehran

  • COMPARISON OF PROCESS FLOWS: FLUID BED COMBUSTOR AND GLASSPACK®

    PURPOSEThe purpose of this document is to present the assumptions and calculations used to prepare Minergy Drawing 100-0204-PP00 (attached). The volumetric flows for both a fluid bed combustor (FBC) and Minergy’s patented GlassPack® closed loop oxygen enhanced combustion process are compared on this drawing. In this drawing, process flows are illustrated by scaling the width of the flow arrows ...


    By Minergy Corporation Limited

  • COMPARISON OF PROCESS FLOWS: FLUID BED COMBUSTOR AND GLASSPACK® (metric version)

    PURPOSEThe purpose of this document is to present the assumptions and calculations used to prepare Minergy Drawing 100-0204-PP00 (attached). The volumetric flows for both a fluid bed combustor (FBC) and Minergy’s patented GlassPack® closed loop oxygen enhanced combustion process are compared on this drawing. In this drawing, process flows are illustrated by scaling the width of the flow arrows ...


    By Minergy Corporation Limited

  • Village of Maybrook, NY Sludge Dewatering System

    Project Summary: The Village of Maybrook WWTP process consists of primary clarification, trickling filters, and secondary clarification. Primary sludge and trickling filter humus is anaerobically digested. The belt filter press dewaters the sludge eliminating the need for sludge drying beds. The belt filter press discharge cake solids are consistently in the 25 to 30 percent range, which is ...


    By BDP Industries

  • The application of moving bed biofilm reactor to denitrification process after trickling filters

    The paper presents research of a prototype moving bed biofilm reactor (MBBR). The device was used for the post-denitrification process and was installed at the end of a technological system consisting of a septic tank and two trickling filters. The concentrations of suspended biomass and biomass attached on the EvU Perl moving bed surface were determined. The impact of the external organic ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Phyto-dewatering of sewage sludge using Panicum repens L.

    Experiments in the field environment have been conducted to study the growth of Panicum repens L., an aquatic plant, in the sewage sludge matrix. The experiments were also carried out to investigate the ability of this plant to dewater sewage sludge to increase the capacity of conventional drying beds. In addition, the ability of Panicum repens L. to reduce the sludge ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Activated Sludge Treatment Plant - Eatonton, Georgia - Case Study

    Solids management at municipal wastewater treatment plants is crucial in maintaining operating efficiencies and permitted discharge levels. Drying beds and mechanical methods of dewatering bio-solids can be labor intensive and inefficient for rapid solids removal. Miratech Geotube" Dewatering Technology offers munic-ipalities a cost effective solution for rapid solids removal and long term solids ...

  • Faecal sludge as a solid industrial fuel: a pilot-scale study

    Revenues from faecal sludge (FS) treatment end products could offset treatment costs and contribute to financially viable sanitation. In urban sub-Saharan Africa, energy-producing resource recovery has the potential to generate greater revenue than use as soil conditioner. In contrast with wastewater sludge, the technical feasibility of using dried FS as solid fuel in industries has not been ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Replacement of a Multiple Hearth by a Fluid Bed Incinerator - The Greensboro Experience (PDF - File size 50K)

    ABSTRACT The incinerator at the T.Z. Osborne Plant in Greensboro, North Carolina burns sludge from its own Waste Water Treatment Plant and sludge pumped from the nearby North Buffalo plant. The two plants have a combined capacity of 36 million gallons per day of wastewater. In 1992, the Osborne plant concluded a study evaluating its options for future municipal sewage sludge disposal. The ...

  • New technology for sludge management reduces waste to landfill by 80%

    The first batch of results from a new sludge management and waste reduction system at Severn Trent's Coleshill Sewage Treatment Works in Birmingham, England show a consistent 80% reduction in waste to landfill volumes. The DMax system has specifically been developed by CDE Ireland Ltd to process a variety of wastes as detailed below. This list is not exhaustive and represents the material for ...


    By CDEnviro

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