sludge gas Articles

  • New processes for the improvement of sludge digestion and sludge dewatering

    INTRODUCTIONThe examination of numerous sewage sludges from municipal wastewater treatment plants leads to the conclusion that on the one hand dewaterability of these sludges worsens and that on the other hand dewaterability of sludges becomes more and more important due to increasing disposal costs. Especially wastewater treatment plants with inflows from the food processing industry often face ...


    By Cambi AS

  • Study on sewage sludge gasification

    Aimed at creating new technology to reduct greenhouse gas emission, the Tokyo Bureau of Sewerage has developed a system generating electricity with a gas engine using biogas generated by pyrolytic gasification of sewage sludge in a fluidized-bed gasifier. A 15t/d demonstration facility was built based on a dehydrated sludge and demonstration tests were run for 3400 hours from 2005. As a result of ...

  • Effect of digester F/M ratio on gas production and sludge minimization of ultrasonically treated sludge

    Sludge pretreatment by mechanical, chemical or thermal methods before anaerobic digestion has been applied to increase the digestability of excess sludge. Pretreatment processes rely on their ability to disrupt cell membranes and to release organic materials from the cells into the aqueous phase. Pretreatment by mechanical disintegration has grown rapidly in recent years in parallel with the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Methodology for the assessment of the greenhouse gas impact of wastewater sludge treatment

    Nitrous oxide (N2O) and methane (CH4) emissions from the wastewater sector represent the second largest source of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of the waste sector. A protocol has been developed to measure GHG from sewage sludge treatment. GHG measurements were performed on two industrial sewage sludge composting plants. Measurement campaigns showed GHG emissions range between 0.18 to 3.40 ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Dewatering waste-activated sludge using dissolved gas-flotation followed by filtration

    After the successes of flotation of waste-activated sludge (WAS), using the new technique utilizing CO2 gas as well as using model gas (80% N2+20% CO2) in previous research because of the high water solubility of CO2 gas, the aim of this study is to develop a simple method for dewatering WAS for easier reuse and safe disposal. The paper introduces a laboratory model for dewatering WAS in two ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Denitrification and Floating Sludge

    What is Denitrification? Denitrification is the conversion of soluble nitrate to nitrogen gas in the nitrogen cycle. For denitrification to occur, three factors are needed: Presence of Nitrate Anoxic conditions (no free dissolved oxygen) A carbon source (soluble BOD) Floating Sludge Denitrification is useful and ...

  • Modeling Greenhouse Gas Emissions From Activated Sludge Processes

    Dynamic simulation of activated sludge process is a common tool for wastewater treatment design and optimization. Most activated sludge models predict only the uptake of BOD and nutrients, however, they can easily be supplemented with further information regarding greenhouse gas (GHG) production to predict the generation of components such as CO2. Many published anaerobic digestion models contain ...

  • Treatment of Sugar Carbonatation Sludge for Reuse and Flue Gas Desulphurisation

    In this work sugar refinery carbonatation sludge is treated in a pilot scale facility for two purposes: reuse in the carbonatation process, mixed with fresh calcium hydroxide, and flue gas desulphurisation. The sludge is first dried, and then calcinated in a batch kiln with a capacity of 100 kg, designed for the purpose. This process is potentially attractive for the sugar industry, since it can ...


  • The twin cities sludge-to-energy plant reduces greenhouse gas emissions

    ABSTRACTThe majority of Utilities and Agencies in the United States (U.S.) that incinerate sludge treat this practice as a disposal method and do not maximize the recovery of energy available in the sludge and hence, do not contribute to the reduction in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.  The Metropolitan Council Environmental Services (MCES) have used incineration at the Metro Wastewater ...

  • Reduction in greenhouse gas emissions from sewage sludge aerobic compost in China

    Sewage sludge is an important contributor to greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and the carbon budget of organic solid waste treatment and disposal. In this case study, total GHG emissions from an auto-control sludge compost system, including direct and indirect emissions and replaceable reduction due to sludge compost being reused as fertilizer, were quantified. The results indicated that no ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Ultrasonic Waste and Sludge Treatment

    Biogas is generated from sources, such as municipal organic waste, sewage sludge, muck or manure. Ultrasonication improves the digestibility of such organic material leading to more biogas and less residual sludge. Biogas is a byproduct of the decomposition of organic matter by anaerobic or aerobic bacteria. It consists primarily of methane, carbon dioxide and hydrogen sulfide. This makes biogas ...

  • N-Tox® prevents activated sludge failure and monitors greenhouse gas emissions

    A new technique for evaluating nitrification efficiency in industrial and municipal activated sludge systems is described that uses direct measurement of dinitrogen oxide, an important greenhouse gas, as an indicator of nitrification failure. Developed at Water Innovate, N-Tox® helps control ammonia levels in treated effluent by providing an early warning of wastewater treatment failure. The ...


    By Clarity Authoring

  • Performance of activated sludge diffusion for biological treatment of hydrogen sulphide gas emissions

    Odours from wastewater treatment plants are comprised of a mixture of various gases with hydrogen sulphide (H2S) often being the dominant constituent. Activated sludge diffusion (ASD) as a biotreatment system for odour abatement has been conducted for over 30 years but has limited broad application due to disagreement in the literature regarding the effect that ASD may have on wastewater ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Greenhouse gas emissions from sludge treatment reed beds

    Sludge treatment reed bed systems (STRBs) are considered as an alternative technology for surplus sludge treatment. Organic matter is decomposed by various microbial reactions, resulting in gases such as CO2 and CH4 emitting into the atmosphere. The aim of this study is to investigate gas emission from STRBs. The static transparent chamber was adopted to measure gas emission; it allows ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Pretreatment followed by anaerobic digestion of secondary sludge for reduction of sewage sludge volume

    The influence of two pretreatment methods, thermal treatment and low-pressure wet oxidation, on the sludge digestion efficiency was examined. Batch thermophilic anaerobic digestion was used to evaluate the effectiveness of the pretreatment methods in terms of volatile suspended solids (VSS) digestion efficiency and gas production. The results showed that the gas production was not proportional ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Pollutant monitoring in sludge treatment wetlands

    Phragmites australis for sludge dewatering and stabilization processes have been widely proved. The presence of reeds, indeed, efficiently allows solids dewatering and organic matter stabilization in order to obtain a stabilised product that can be suitable for land application, even if its environmental impact has to be considered. The actual revision of the European Union's Working Document on ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Heavy metal & hydrocarbon contaminated sludge

    Solidification of Heavy Metal & Hydrocarbon Contaminated Sewage Sludge Client: North Lanarkshire Council Project Managers: Jacobs Challenge: The former sewage treatment works were decommissioned in the 1970’s. It is thought that during the closure process, demolition material originating from the ...


    By Soilutions Ltd

  • Data Requirements for Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    Site soil conditions frequently limit the selection of a treatment process. Process-limiting characteristics such as pH or moisture content may sometimes be adjusted. In other cases, a treatment technology may be eliminated based upon the soil classification (e.g., particle-size distribution) or other soil characteristics. Soils are inherently variable in their physical and chemical ...

  • High efficiency odour control for sludge dryers, sludge pasteurizers and sludge stabilisation using lime and biogas treatment

    Abstract This paper summarizes ERG’s experience of supplying odour control for sludge dryers, sludge pasteurizers, sludge lime stabilization and biogas treatment and indicates areas for improvement.   Keywords Odour control, chemical scrubbing, carbon filters, waste water, OdorgardTM, sludge dryers, sludge pasteurizers, lime ...

  • Determination of greenhouse gas emission reductions from sewage sludge anaerobic digestion in China

    Sewage sludge is a considerable source of greenhouse gas (GHG) emission in the field of organic solid waste treatment and disposal. In this case study, total GHG emissions from sludge anaerobic digestion, including direct and indirect emissions as well as replaceable emission reduction due to biogas being reused instead of natural gas, were quantified respectively. The results indicated that ...


    By IWA Publishing

Need help finding the right suppliers? Try XPRT Sourcing. Let the XPRTs do the work for you