sludge heating Articles

  • Steam injection heating of biosolids & sludge for Anaerobic Digestion

    The article focuses on the integration of Direct Steam Injection (DSI) heating as a method for heating of Municapal, Industrial, Food, & Agricultural wastewater streams. Common applications are anerobic digestion, biogas production, waste de-activation, and FOG (Fats-Oils-Grease) heating. Topics covered include how DSI works, how to select a DSI heater suitable for viscous & difficult to ...


    By ProSonix LLC

  • Heat Pump Used to Drain Contaminated Sludge in a Steel Factory

    Summary In 1987, new regulations required that factories dispose of their contaminated water and waste themselves. Making galvanised steel wire, the Stelfil factory produces sludge contaminated with lead and zinc. Stelfil spent thousands of dollars to bury this waste and evaluated three systems to remove most of the water: a gas dryer, an induction heated screw conveyor and a heat pump system. ...


  • The effect of lime-dried sewage sludge on the heat-resistance of eco-cement

    The treatment and disposal of sewage sludge is a growing problem for sewage treatment plants. One method of disposal is to use sewage sludge as partial replacement for raw material in cement manufacture. Although this process has been well researched, little attention has been given to the thermal properties of cement that has had sewage sludge incorporated in the manufacturing process. This ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Steam injection heating of Waterwater, Sludge & BioSolids, & High Viscosity Fluids

    A number of unique challenges emerge in the heating of agricultural, municipal, and food waste streams in anaerobic digestion process and biogas production. Heating devices are subject to variable size particulate, fibrous materials, wear, temperature, flows, and fluid characteristics that can make it extremely difficult to achieve and maintain optimal performance and efficiencies of heating ...


    By ProSonix LLC

  • New processes for the improvement of sludge digestion and sludge dewatering

    INTRODUCTIONThe examination of numerous sewage sludges from municipal wastewater treatment plants leads to the conclusion that on the one hand dewaterability of these sludges worsens and that on the other hand dewaterability of sludges becomes more and more important due to increasing disposal costs. Especially wastewater treatment plants with inflows from the food processing industry often face ...


    By Cambi Group AS

  • Fate of organic matter during moderate heat treatment of sludge: kinetics of biopolymer and hydrolytic activity release and impact on sludge reduction by anaerobic digestion

    Temperature-phased anaerobic digestion with a 50–70 °C pre-treatment is widely proposed for sludge. Here, such a sludge pre-treatment (65 °C) was studied against the physical, enzymatic and biodegradation processes. The soluble and particulate fractions were analysed in terms of biochemical composition and hydrolytic enzymatic activities. Two kinetics of organic matter ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Low temperature microwave and conventional heating pre-treatments to improve sludge anaerobic biodegradability

    This paper presents the results of lab-scale experiments on low temperature thermal pre-treatment (less than 100 °C) prior to anaerobic digestion of sewage sludge. Two heating ways, microwave heating (MH) and conventional heating (CH), and two types of sludge, primary and waste activated sludge, were compared under the same experimental conditions. The degree of solubilisation produced by ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Enhancement of anaerobic biohydrogen/methane production from cellulose using heat-treated activated sludge

    Anaerobic digestion is an effective technology to convert cellulosic wastes to methane and hydrogen. Heat-treatment is a well known method to inhibit hydrogen-consuming bacteria in using anaerobic mixed cultures for seeding. This study aims to investigate the effects of heat-treatment temperature and time on activated sludge for fermentative hydrogen production from α-cellulose by response ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Use of biogas for cogeneration of heat and electricity for local application: performance evaluation of an engine power generator and a sludge thermal dryer

    A small unit of cogeneration of energy and heat was tested at the Centre for Research and Training on Sanitation UFMG/COPASA – CePTS, located at the Arrudas Sewage Treatment Plant, in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil. The unit consisted of an engine power generator adapted to run on biogas, a thermal dryer prototype and other peripherals (compressor, biogas storage tank, air blower, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Maximising biogas in anaerobic digestion by using engine waste heat for thermal hydrolysis pre-treatment of sludge

    EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Dublin's Ringsend WWTP was designed to serve a population of approximately 1.2 million pe with a sludge production of 37,000 dry tonnes per year after upgrading to full secondary treatment. Several technical solutions were put forward as part of a Design, Build, Finance and Operate (DBFO) competition, with the chosen solution being a proposal by Black and Veatch for a ...


    By Cambi Group AS

  • Determining analytes in food, soil and sludge

    Customer: Institute of Sustainable Halophyte Utilization, Pakistan The Institute of Sustainable Halophyte Utilization, University of Karachi has been established as an elaborate facility for research of various halophytes to serve as a source of fodder, forage, biofuel, oil seeds, medicinal plants and other possible usages. Application: Determining analytes in food, soil ...


    By BÜCHI Labortechnik AG

  • Heavy metal & hydrocarbon contaminated sludge

    Solidification of Heavy Metal & Hydrocarbon Contaminated Sewage Sludge Client: North Lanarkshire Council Project Managers: Jacobs Challenge: The former sewage treatment works were decommissioned in the 1970’s. It is thought that during the closure process, demolition material originating from the ...


    By Soilutions Ltd

  • Data Requirements for Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    Site soil conditions frequently limit the selection of a treatment process. Process-limiting characteristics such as pH or moisture content may sometimes be adjusted. In other cases, a treatment technology may be eliminated based upon the soil classification (e.g., particle-size distribution) or other soil characteristics. Soils are inherently variable in their physical and chemical ...

  • In Situ Thermal Treatment for Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    The main advantage of in situ thermal treatment is that it allows soil to be treated without being excavated and transported, resulting in significant cost savings. However, in situ treatment generally requires longer time periods, and there is less certainty about the uniformity of treatment because of the variability in soil and aquifer characteristics and because the efficacy of the process is ...

  • Land remediation & sludge processing case study

    In late 2009 the company was approached by a London based consultancy on behalf of their clients with oil and gas interests in an Eastern European country. The brief was to supply a technology that could assist in the clean-up of historical oil spills around redundant oil wells in a working oilfield. Our initial meeting led us to believe that this was a viable contract and following several ...

  • Colchester sludge treatment works receives an upgrade

    KIRK ENVIRONMENTAL, part of KIRK GROUP, has completed the upgrade at the existing sludge treatment works in Colchester, Essex, as part of a series of special anaerobic digestion projects for Anglian Water. In 2010 Anglian Water ...


    By KIRK UK

  • Common Treatment Technologies for Fuels in Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    Common treatment technologies for fuels in soil, sediment, and sludge include biodegradation, incineration, SVE, and low temperature thermal desorption. Incineration is typically used when chlorinated SVOCs are also present with fuel, and not specified for fuel-only contaminated soil, sediment, or sludge. All types of biodegradation, both in situ or ex situ, can be used to remediate soils: ...

  • Ex Situ Biological Treatment for Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    The main advantage of ex situ treatment is that it generally requires shorter time periods than in situ treatment, and there is more certainty about the uniformity of treatment because of the ability to homogenize, screen, and continuously mix the soil. However, ex situ treatment requires excavation of soils, leading to increased costs and engineering for equipment, possible permitting, and ...

  • Characterization of char from slow pyrolysis of sewage sludge

    The effects of final pyrolysis temperature Tend from 300 ºC to 550 ºC, heating rates β of 2 ºC/min, 3 ºC/min and 5 ºC/min, retention time RT from 45 min to 90 min, and the moisture content MC from 0 to 70% on characteristics of the pyrolysis char from sewage sludge were investigated using a tube furnace in this study. The resulting chars were characterized by sorption of nitrogen (surface area ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Analysis of methane emissions from digested sludge

    The energetic use of sewage sludge is an important step in the generation of electricity and heat within a wastewater treatment plant (WWTP). For a holistic approach, methane emissions derived from anaerobic treatment have to be considered. Measurements show that methane dissolved in digested sludge can be analyzed via the vacuum salting out degassing method. At different WWTPs, dissolved ...


    By IWA Publishing

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