sludge pathogen Articles

  • Fate of Pathogens in Sludge Sand Drying Beds at Qateef, Khobar and Dammam: A Case Study

    Due to uncontrolled dump of dried municipal sludge and its use by farmers as soil conditioner and/or fertilizer, an extensive research was conducted in order to determine the microbiological characteristics of municipal sludges produced at three major cities, namely, Qateef, Dammam and Khobar in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia. Sludge samples were collected, from sand ...


    By University of Tehran

  • Verification of an alternative sludge treatment process for pathogen reduction at two wastewater treatment plants in Victoria, Australia

    At South East Water wastewater treatment plants (WwTPs) in Victoria, Australia, biosolids are stockpiled for three years in compliance with the State guidelines to achieve the highest pathogen reduction grade (T1), suitable for unrestricted use in agriculture and landscaping. However, extended stockpiling is costly, may increase odour nuisance and greenhouse gas emissions, and reduces the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Pathogen Inactivation by a Closed Alakaline System

    ABSTRACTThe efficiency of advanced alkaline disinfection in closed systems has been demonstrated to depend on the balance of ammonia concentration, pH, exposure time, temperature, total solids content, post-treatment storage time and mixing effectiveness. When the alkaline system is a closed one, an additional pathogen stressor is added: pressure. The effect of the alkaline dosing has been ...

  • Working Document on Sludge

    Untitled Document Introduction Sewage sludge originates from the process of treatment of waste water. Due to the physical-chemical processes involved in the ...

  • Sludge Treatment and Disposal Technologies

    Most wastewater treatment processes produce a by-product that purifies wastewater before it is released into local waterways. This by-product is named as sludge. Typically in solid, semi-solid or liquid state, it is in fact an amalgamation of all the liquid wastes that are discharged by domestic houses, commercial properties, industry, and/or agriculture after aerobic biological treatment. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Pre-Treatment of Sludges Before Aerobic Digestion to Enhance Sludge Quality

    ABSTRACTBench scale experimentation was completed to assess the potential of using a short residence time pre-treatment reactor upstream of aerobic digestion to enhance the destruction of pathogens. The impact of aeration, temperature, hydraulic residence time, solids concentration, feeding frequency and mechanical shearing on the pre-treatment process was investigated. Subsequent testing ...

  • Monitoring and evaluation of removal of pathogens at municipal wastewater treatment plants

    The concentrations and removal of Cryptosporidium, Giardia, and microbial indicators, including somatic coliphages and fecal coliforms were investigated through the wastewater treatment processes at three municipal wastewater treatment plants in Beijing, China. The experimental results showed that the concentrations of Cryptosporidium in untreated wastewater, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Response of Different Types of Biosolids to Simultaneous Dewatering and Pathogens Inactivation by Electrokinetic System

    Only electrokinetic system and its effect on the inactivation of pathogenic organisms in biosolids were investigated. Bench scale experiments were conducted in a series of electrokinetic (EK) reactors. Ten EK reactors were set up with different types of sewage sludge: primary, secondary (attached growth culture), secondary (activated sludge), and anaerobically digested sludge, coming from Auteuil ...

  • Anaerobic Digestion Reduces Microplastics in Sludge

    Anaerobic digestion can help remove microplastics — a large cause of water pollution — during the sewage treatment process Microplastics, or tiny fragments of plastic, include microbeads, the plastic pellets present in thousands of household and personal care products, including toothpaste, cosmetics, and beauty scrubs. They also include fragments from the breakdown of anything in our ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Sewage Sludge Recycling to Land and Disposal

    The Problem: Sewage treatment is the process of removing contaminants from wastewater, primarily from household sewage. It includes physical, chemical, and biological processes to remove these contaminants and produce environmentally safe treated wastewater (or treated effluent). A by-product of sewage treatment is usually a semi-solid waste or slurry, called sewage sludge, that has to ...


    By Dirk European Holdings LTD

  • Factors Affecting Disinfection and Stabilization of Sewage Sludge

    ABSTRACTEffective disinfection and stabilization of sewage sludge prior to land application is essential to not only protect human health, but also to convince the public of its benefits and safety. A basic understanding of the key factors involved in producing a stable biosolid product is a necessary component to ensuring that effective disinfection and stabilization are achieved. Key stressors ...

  • Regrowth of bacterial pathogen indicators after advanced electro-osmotic dewatering of biosolids

    Applying an electrical field for 10 min to mechanically dewatered biosolids increased dryness to 35 to 45% and reduced Escherichia coli levels to/close to detection limits. Possible reasons for the regrowth of bacterial pathogens impacted by electro-osmotic dewatering are biosolids dryness, low pH and the generation of bacterial oxidants on the anode due to high temperatures. Testing for this ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Co-composting of sewage sludge and municipal solid waste

    Israel production of sewage sludge and MSW grows each year due to the increasing number of modern Wastewater plants that are using activated sludge process and the increasing population. Non-stabilized Sewage sludge is an environmental nuisance due to high level of pathogens, offensive odours, insect attraction and potential water sources pollution. The Haifa region itself, where the study took ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Urban water reuse: microbial pathogens control by direct filtration and ultraviolet disinfection

    Physicochemical treatment efficiency for unrestricted urban water reuse was evaluated at a conventional activated-sludge wastewater treatment plant (WWTP). Pilot plant set-up consisted of an alum coagulation step, granular media upflow flocculation and direct downflow dual-media filtration followed by ultraviolet disinfection (dose of 95 mJ cm−2). Optimum aluminum sulfate dosage of 10 mg ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Bioaugmentation In Sewer Network Reduces Sludge Production

    This article describes the effectiveness of bioaugmentation in the sewer network as a strategy to reduce sludge production. Sludge is an obvious by-product generated from the physical, chemical and biological treatment processes of a wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) as shown in Figure 1. Sludge management, which includes treatment, hauling, and disposal, is one of the biggest burdens facing ...

  • Somatic coliphages as surrogates for enteroviruses in sludge hygienization treatments

    Conventional bacterial indicators present serious drawbacks giving information about viral pathogens persistence during sludge hygienization treatments. This calls for the search of alternative viral indicators. Somatic coliphages’ (SOMCPH) ability for acting as surrogates for enteroviruses was assessed in 47 sludge samples subjected to novel treatment processes. SOMCPH, infectious ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Ultrasonic sludge disintegration in the presence of iron (II) as catalyst

    Increasing environmental awareness worldwide and subsequent regulations have led to the application of improved and novel technologies in excess sludge treatment. Sludge is the by–product of wastewater treatment plants rich in organic carbons, pathogens and metals. To enhance the ultrasonic sludge disintegration, a new method by introducing (Fe (II)) as a catalyst in the process has been ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Advanced anaerobic processes to enhance waste activated sludge stabilization

    The requirement for enhanced stabilization processes to obtain a more stable, pathogen-free sludge for agricultural use is an increasing challenge to comply with in the waste hierarchy. With this in mind, the Routes European project (‘Novel processing routes for effective sewage sludge management’) is addressed to assess innovative solutions with the aim of maximizing sludge ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Tetracycline Resistance Genes in Activated Sludge Wastewater Treatment Plants

    The development and proliferation of antibiotic resistance in pathogenic, commensal, and environmental microorganisms is a major public health concern. The extent to which human activities contribute to the maintenance of environmental reservoirs of antibiotic resistance is poorly understood. In the current study, wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) were investigated as possible sources of ...

  • Phytotreatment of sludges (Phragmites australis) for their reuse in the environment

    The aim of this study is the evaluation of the agronomic characteristics acquired by a phytotreated sludge coming from a wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) located in Tuscany (central Italy). The chemical characterization showed values which are within the Italian legislation limits for mixed composts. From an agronomic point of view, the sludge did not present a level of phytotoxicity, as shown ...


    By IWA Publishing

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