sludge regulation Articles

  • Land application of sewage sludges: an appraisal of the US regulations

    Current US federal regulations governing the land application of sewage sludges do not appear adequately protective of human health, agricultural productivity or ecological health. US standards are far less protective than those of many European countries and Canadian provinces. This is due to both policy choices such as a "do no harm" philosophy applied in some northern European ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Working Document on Sludge

    Untitled Document Introduction Sewage sludge originates from the process of treatment of waste water. Due to the physical-chemical processes involved in the ...

  • Filter technology to meet evolving regulations

    Maguin has developed the Cercat filter for high temperature air pollution control. In this article, David Gambier and Hélène Real outline the technology, as well as installations planned for 2009. Maguin has been present in the waste thermal treatment field since the 1970s. The company’s knowledge has been built through the turnkey supply of thermal treatment units for different kinds of products ...

  • Heavy metal & hydrocarbon contaminated sludge

    Solidification of Heavy Metal & Hydrocarbon Contaminated Sewage Sludge Client: North Lanarkshire Council Project Managers: Jacobs Challenge: The former sewage treatment works were decommissioned in the 1970’s. It is thought that during the closure process, demolition material originating from the ...


    By Soilutions Ltd

  • Standardized characterization procedures: a necessary support to regulations

    Sustainable procedures for sludge/biosolids management require the development of strategies to reduce the amount of sludge to be handled and to produce higher quality biosolids. Therefore, realistic and enforceable regulations adapted to local situations must be developed, defined outlet procedures established and good quality products guaranteed. To this end, the definition of standardized ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Ultrasonic sludge disintegration in the presence of iron (II) as catalyst

    Increasing environmental awareness worldwide and subsequent regulations have led to the application of improved and novel technologies in excess sludge treatment. Sludge is the by–product of wastewater treatment plants rich in organic carbons, pathogens and metals. To enhance the ultrasonic sludge disintegration, a new method by introducing (Fe (II)) as a catalyst in the process has been ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Common Treatment Technologies for Inorganics in Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    The most commonly used treatment technologies for inorganics in soil, sediment, and sludge include solidification/stabilization (S/S), excavation and off-site disposal, and acid extraction. These treatment technologies are described briefly below. Solidification processes produce monolithic blocks of waste with high structural integrity. The contaminants do not necessarily interact chemically ...

  • Common Treatment Technologies for Fuels in Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    Common treatment technologies for fuels in soil, sediment, and sludge include biodegradation, incineration, SVE, and low temperature thermal desorption. Incineration is typically used when chlorinated SVOCs are also present with fuel, and not specified for fuel-only contaminated soil, sediment, or sludge. All types of biodegradation, both in situ or ex situ, can be used to remediate soils: ...

  • Factors Affecting Disinfection and Stabilization of Sewage Sludge

    ABSTRACTEffective disinfection and stabilization of sewage sludge prior to land application is essential to not only protect human health, but also to convince the public of its benefits and safety. A basic understanding of the key factors involved in producing a stable biosolid product is a necessary component to ensuring that effective disinfection and stabilization are achieved. Key stressors ...

  • Common Treatment Technologies for Radionuclides in Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    Unlike organic contaminants (and similar to metals), radionuclides cannot be destroyed or degraded; therefore, remediation technologies applicable to radionuclides involve separation, concentration/volume reduction, and/or immobilization. The most commonly used treatment technology for radionuclides in soil, sediment, and sludge is solidification/stabilization (S/S). This treatment technology is ...

  • Reduced Sludge Production in BNR Systems: Reality or Myth?

    This paper compares the performance of a pilot Modified Ludzack Ettinger (MLE) process treating degritted municipal wastewater, with full-scale activated sludge plants at two towns in Southern Ontario, namely Listowel and St. Marys. At Listowel, the MLE process achieved superior effluent quality compared to the full-scale extended aeration system at a total bioreactor HRT of 20 hours versus 48 ...

  • Case Study: Farm pond sludge and algae remediation

    Problem A 1 ½ acre farm pond located in southeastern Wisconsin was experiencing a severe algae bloom due to high levels of fertilizer runoff from the surrounding farm fields located on the north and east sides of the pond. Farm field runoff drains into the north end of the pond via a 4-inch drainpipe. The pond is further fertilized by the year round population of 6-8 resident ducks and by ...


    By Avir Environmental LLC

  • Sludge Disposal that’s Sustainable, Safe and Economically Viable

    The Kemwater Recycling Process – KREPRO for treatment of sewage sludge is based on a completely new separation technology, which uses existing knowledge in an innovative way. It reduces both the organic and inorganic content of the sludge. The organic content is re-duced by about 30% and the inorganic about 70% if digested sludge is treated. All metals and salts are dissolved; the remaining ...


  • Waste Water Treatment in Paper Industry according to IPPC Regulations

    Waste Water Treatment in Paper Industry according to IPPC regulations is achieved in more than 20 German paper industries with aerated upflow biofiltration technology. The article describes the function of aerated upflow biofiltration and the advantages compared with classical aeration tanks. Technological examples in different multistage treatment processes (one stage biofiltration, two stage ...


    By Water Experts Germany

  • From raw incineration to advanced digestion – influence of sustainability on meeting a sludge strategy

    Abstract A proposed solution of a raw sludge incineration plant had been identified to meet the changing sludgestrategy requirements of United Utilities (a major UK water company) from 2005 – 2010. This solution wasendorsed by a UK water Regulator as part of their 5 yearly investment program. However, due to a changingenvironment, and work completed by the project and strategy team ...


    By Cambi Group AS

  • Effect of interspecies quorum sensing on the formation of aerobic granular sludge

    Quorum sensing (QS) is a form of microbial communication that relies on small signal molecules to regulate group behaviors such as biofilm formation in response to population density. In this study, we attempted to apply the paradigm of bacterial QS to aerobic granular sludge (AGS) formation for wastewater treatment. An essential element of interspecies QS signals, boron, was added to a sequencing ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Land application of sewage sludge (biosolids) in Australia: risks to the environment and food crops

    Australia is a large exporter of agricultural products, with producers responsible for a range of quality assurance programs to ensure that food crops are free from various contaminants of detriment to human health. Large volumes of treated sewage sludge (biosolids), although low by world standards, are increasingly being recycled to land, primarily to replace plant nutrients and to improve soil ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Recycling of Basic Oxygen Furnace (BOF) sludge in iron and steel works

    The recycling and utilisation of iron-bearing by-products such as dust, scale and sludge has been tried and is being practised in many iron and steel-making industries due to its associated benefits. However, the high moisture content of the Basic Oxygen Furnace (BOF) sludge (35?40%) is a major obstacle in its recycling. The management of this waste has become an important issue due to ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Heat Pump Used to Drain Contaminated Sludge in a Steel Factory

    Summary In 1987, new regulations required that factories dispose of their contaminated water and waste themselves. Making galvanised steel wire, the Stelfil factory produces sludge contaminated with lead and zinc. Stelfil spent thousands of dollars to bury this waste and evaluated three systems to remove most of the water: a gas dryer, an induction heated screw conveyor and a heat pump system. ...


  • TDS and Sludge Generation Impacts from Use of Chemicals in Wastewater Treatment

    ABSTRACTThe paper analyses theoretically expected TDS changes resulting from use of typical chemicals and from biological treatment. This is compared with the experimental data from full-scale facilities and from bench tests. Sludge generation effects are also discussed with supporting data. INTRODUCTIONWith progressively more stringent limits and expanding list of controlled parameters ...

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