sludge removal Articles

  • How Tire Shredding Protects Wildlife

    One of the most revolutionary inventions in the history of mankind was the wheel, and the best upgrade to that invention was the rubber tire, which overcame the limitations of wooden or metal wheels and made it possible to have smooth rides at fast speeds. However, there is a significant drawback to using rubber tires: eventually, they get too worn out to be useful as tires anymore and have to ...


    By ECO Green Equipment

  • Removal of hydrogen sulphide on sewage sludge/industrial sludge based carbonaceous adsorbents

    The adsorbents were prepared for sewage sludge, waste oil sludge and metal oil sludge. On the materials obtained dynamic adsorption of H2S was measured. The initial and exhausted adsorbents were characterised using sorption of nitrogen, thermal analysis, and XRF, XRD and surface pH measurements. The adsorbents have high capacity for H2S (10% wt) The high volume of mesopores contributes ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The role and control of sludge age in biological nutrient removal activated sludge systems

    The sludge age is the most fundamental and important parameter in the design, operation and control of biological nutrient removal (BNR) activated sludge (AS) systems. Generally, the better the effluent and waste sludge quality required from the system, the longer the sludge age, the larger the biological reactor and the more wastewater characteristics need to be known. Controlling the reactor ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Use of dairy sludge for the removal of some basic dyes

    Dairy sludge, which is produced as a result of the activated sludge process, used in the dairy processing industries for treating their effluents, is a low cost, locally available and relatively new adsorbent. It is being investigated for its capacity to remove some of the basic dyes such as aniline blue, crystal violet, malachite green, methylene blue, rhodamine-B, and safranine from aqueous ...


  • The Removal of Alkylphenol Ethoxylate Surfactants in Activated Sludge Systems

    US EPA has finalized federal Water Quality Criteria for nonylphenol, a biodegradation intermediate of nonylphenol ethoxylates, which are commonly used surfactants. To provide information in support of this initiative, an assessment was made of the ability of wastewater treatment plants to remove these and other alkylphenol ethoxylate (APEO) surfactants that are used widely in domestic and ...

  • Removal of heavy metals from samples of residual sludge

    Nitric acid leaching processes were evaluated for removal of heavy metals from samples of residual sludge from an industrial and municipal wastewater plant. The study showed that an acid:water ratio of 1:1 and a nitric acid concentration of 2 mol 1−1 gave efficient removal of 86.7%, 100% and 100% of copper, nickel and arsenic.Keywords: heavy metals, nitric acid leaching, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Behaviour and adsorptive removal of siloxanes in sewage sludge biogas

    We investigated the behaviour of siloxanes, which adversely affect biogas engines, as well as their concentration levels in sewage sludge biogas in Japan. We also performed experiments on the absorptive removal of siloxanes using various adsorbents and determined the main adsorbent characteristics required for the removal of siloxanes. The results of our study on the concentration and composition ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Enhanced Nitrogen Removal Using Immobilized Cell Augmented Activated Sludge Process

    The immobilized cell augmented activated sludge (ICAAS) system combines a cell immobilization technique and an off-line enricher-reactor for the bioaugmentation of activated sludge system to improve treatment performances. In this study, enhanced nitrogen removal using ICAAS was investigated. Laboratory-scale, off-line, batch enricher-reactors were used to maintain nitrification and ...

  • Integrated side-stream reactor for biological nutrient removal and minimization of sludge production

    Integrated processes to reduce in situ the sludge production in wastewater treatment plants are gaining attention in order to facilitate excess sludge management. In contrast to post-treatments, such as anaerobic digestion which is placed between the activated sludge system and dewatering processes, integrated technologies are placed in the sludge return line. This study evaluates the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Aerobic granular sludge technology and nitrogen removal for domestic wastewater treatment

    This study evaluated aerobic granulation and nitrogen removal via assimilation, nitrification, and denitrification of a system fed with real domestic wastewater. The granulation process was complete after 160 days of operation. The mature granules had an almost spherical structure, an average size of 473.0 μm, and a good settling ability (SVI30 of 75.6 mL g−1). Ammonium ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Impact of activated sludge process configuration on removal of micropollutants and estrogenicity

    The efficacy of three different wastewater treatment configurations, conventional activated sludge (CAS), nitrifying activated sludge (NAS) and biological nutrient removal (BNR) for removal of selected micropollutants from authentic wastewater was investigated. The processes were also characterized based on their proficiency to reduce the estrogenic activity of the influent wastewater using the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Training: How to Remove Lagoon Sludge and Improve WWTP Outcomes

    What should you do when your town is under multiple and ongoing consent orders for violations of its Montana Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (MPDES) wastewater discharge permit? Excessive lagoon sludge accumulation contributes to the poor performance of any treatment system, particularly in winter. Removing sludge from the lagoon cells will improve treatment at the facility and ...


    By SRS Crisafulli, Inc.

  • Surface active solutions tank cleaning & crude oil sludge removal

    For over ten years Surface Active Solutions has led the way in developing integrated microemulsion solutions for tank cleaning operations, crude oil sludge treatment and slops treatment. The company, with offices in Houston and Grangemouth (Scotland) aims to create real synergy in its approach to tank cleaning by combining its microemulsion chemistries with automated tank cleaning systems. The ...

  • Improving Winery Lagoon Performance, Sludge Removal & Efficiency - Case Study

    Overview A winery in California faced the challenge of optimizing and treating their wastewater pond in a sustainable manner. The winery had brush rotors frequently breaking down, which were very difficult and time consuming to repair. They were seeking a more reliable option. Aeration Industries International provided that solution in more ways than one. ...

  • A comparison of biodegradation kinetic models applied to estrogen removal with nitrifying activated sludge

    The biological degradation of estrone (E1), estradiol (E2) and ethinylestradiol (EE2) was studied in batch experiments at typical concentration levels using nitrifying activated sludge from a membrane bioreactor (MBR). Since first-order, pseudo first-order and Monod-type kinetics were observed. Pseudo first order kinetic was reformulated using only the soluble concentrations S and assuming ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Modeling the pH effects on nitrogen removal in the anammox-enriched granular sludge

    The aim of the study was to determine the pH effects on nitrogen removal in the anammox-enriched granular sludge. The experimental data were extracted from a 4 L completely-mixed batch reactor with the granular sludge at different initial pH values (6, 6.5, 7, 7.5, 8, 8.5, 9, 9.5, 10, 10.5) and constant temperature T = 30 °C. Simulations were run in GPS-X 6.4 using a comprehensive mechanistic ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Nitrogen removal from reject water with primary sludge as denitrification carbon source

    A novel system was used for nitrogen removal from reject water. This system includes one anoxic/oxic reactor for nitrification and a special reactor for denitrification in which primary sludge was added intermittently as electron donor. In denitrification reactor, sludge fermentation and denitrification reaction took place simultaneously and promoted each other. It was found that effluent recycle ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Removal effect of Cr (VI) by adsorbent made from sewage sludge

    Adsorbent made from sewage sludge is used to remove the Cr (VI) in wastewater. In this paper, the adsorption capacity, adsorption mechanism and regeneration of the adsorbent are studied. A systematic research is carried out to investigate the influence of adsorption capacities in various conditions, such as contact time, pH and initial dosage of adsorbent. The results show that: the equilibrium ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Acid dye removal from industrial wastewater by adsorption on treated sewage sludge

    This study investigated the suitability of sewage sludge for the removal of Acid Blue 93 industrial wastewater. Washed sewage sludge (WS) and sludge activated carbon (AS) were used as adsorbents. The effect of pH, contact time, adsorbent dose and adsorption temperature was studied. Equilibrium isotherms for the adsorption were analysed by Freundlich and Langmuir isotherm models. The ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Cadmium ion removal by electroflotation onto sewage sludge biomass

    Non–living, anaerobically digested, Activated–Sludge (AS) was examined (laboratory–scale experiments) as possible biosorbent for the removal of cadmium from dilute aqueous solutions. The application of electroflotation to the suspended biomass, was investigated in this paper as an effective solid/liquid separation technique for the metal–loaded biosorbent particles. The main parameters ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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