sludge treatment Articles

  • Sludge Treatment and Disposal Technologies

    Most wastewater treatment processes produce a by-product that purifies wastewater before it is released into local waterways. This by-product is named as sludge. Typically in solid, semi-solid or liquid state, it is in fact an amalgamation of all the liquid wastes that are discharged by domestic houses, commercial properties, industry, and/or agriculture after aerobic biological treatment. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Environmental sludge treatment

    During the process of wastewater treatment, sludge generation is an important and at times crucial issue to be addressed as inadequate sludge handling system can pose serious environmental implications. Liquid sludge can be easily thickened and reduced to a solid cake via sludge thickening / dewatering. This reduces the volume of liquid sludge significantly, usually resulting in a quite ...


    By Doyen Machinery CO., Ltd

  • Ultrasonic Waste and Sludge Treatment

    Biogas is generated from sources, such as municipal organic waste, sewage sludge, muck or manure. Ultrasonication improves the digestibility of such organic material leading to more biogas and less residual sludge. Biogas is a byproduct of the decomposition of organic matter by anaerobic or aerobic bacteria. It consists primarily of methane, carbon dioxide and hydrogen sulfide. This makes biogas ...

  • Industrial Sludge Treatment

    Industrial Sludge Wastewater Treatment Industrial Sludge Treatment Facility Oxygen Mixing Injection Dissolved Oxygen Boosted with Liquid Oxygen to Improve ...


    By Integrated Engineers Inc.

  • Industrial Sludge Wastewater Treatment

    Industrial Sludge Wastewater Treatment Industrial Sludge Treatment Facility Oxygen Mixing Injection Dissolved Oxygen Boosted with Liquid Oxygen to Improve Bacteriological ...


    By Integrated Engineers Inc.

  • Sewage sludge and waterworks sludge stabilization in sludge treatment reed bed systems

    In this study, results about sludge stabilization in sludge treatment reed bed (STRB) systems in two different systems, Hanningfield STRB 1 (England), treating waterworks sludge, and Stenlille STRB 2 (Denmark), treating surplus activated sludge, are presented. The study mainly focused on the effectiveness of the STRBs systems in stabilizing sludge organic matter; in fact, parameters correlated ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Pollutant monitoring in sludge treatment wetlands

    Phragmites australis for sludge dewatering and stabilization processes have been widely proved. The presence of reeds, indeed, efficiently allows solids dewatering and organic matter stabilization in order to obtain a stabilised product that can be suitable for land application, even if its environmental impact has to be considered. The actual revision of the European Union's Working Document on ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Evaluation of Sludge Treatments for Pathogen Reduction

    The recycling to agricultural land is an important outlet for sewage sludge and other sludges but it must be controlled in order as to obtain agricultural benefit from the sludge whilst protecting human and animal health and the environment at large. Current practices in Europe are based on the requirements of the 1986 Directive on the use of sewage sludge in agriculture (86/278/EEC). Since that ...


  • Sludge Production

    Specific sludge production in wastewater treatment varies widely from 35 to 85 g dry solids per population equivalent per day (gTS PE-1 d-1). The production of primary sludge is related to the amount of settleable solids in raw wastewater whose solids content is typically of 50-60 gTSS PE-1 d-1 or 110-170 ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Pre-Treatment of Sludges Before Aerobic Digestion to Enhance Sludge Quality

    ABSTRACTBench scale experimentation was completed to assess the potential of using a short residence time pre-treatment reactor upstream of aerobic digestion to enhance the destruction of pathogens. The impact of aeration, temperature, hydraulic residence time, solids concentration, feeding frequency and mechanical shearing on the pre-treatment process was investigated. Subsequent testing ...

  • Common Treatment Technologies for Inorganics in Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    The most commonly used treatment technologies for inorganics in soil, sediment, and sludge include solidification/stabilization (S/S), excavation and off-site disposal, and acid extraction. These treatment technologies are described briefly below. Solidification processes produce monolithic blocks of waste with high structural integrity. The contaminants do not necessarily interact chemically ...

  • In Situ Thermal Treatment for Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    The main advantage of in situ thermal treatment is that it allows soil to be treated without being excavated and transported, resulting in significant cost savings. However, in situ treatment generally requires longer time periods, and there is less certainty about the uniformity of treatment because of the variability in soil and aquifer characteristics and because the efficacy of the process is ...

  • BENDERN, Liechtenstein: INNODRY 2E®–Sludge treatment and disposal

    Back in 1997, Bendern (Liechtenstein) was looking for a safe technology for sludge treatment and disposal. Since the main concern of the municipality was the protection of the environment and operator safety, they were looking for an innovative technology which did not produce dangerous levels of dust. After a long and detailed evaluation of the available technologies, INNODRY 2E was selected. ...

  • Colchester sludge treatment works receives an upgrade

    KIRK ENVIRONMENTAL, part of KIRK GROUP, has completed the upgrade at the existing sludge treatment works in Colchester, Essex, as part of a series of special anaerobic digestion projects for Anglian Water. In 2010 Anglian Water ...

  • Toluene in sewage and sludge in wastewater treatment plants

    Toluene is a compound that often occurs in municipal wastewater ranging from detectable levels up to 237 μg/L. Before the year 2000, the presence of the aromatic hydrocarbons was assigned only to external sources. The Enhanced Biological Nutrients Removal Processes (EBNRP) work according to many different schemes and technologies. For high-efficiency biological denitrification and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Common Treatment Technologies for Fuels in Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    Common treatment technologies for fuels in soil, sediment, and sludge include biodegradation, incineration, SVE, and low temperature thermal desorption. Incineration is typically used when chlorinated SVOCs are also present with fuel, and not specified for fuel-only contaminated soil, sediment, or sludge. All types of biodegradation, both in situ or ex situ, can be used to remediate soils: ...

  • Aerobic biological treatment of thermophilically digested sludge

    Aerobic biological treatment of digested sludge was studied in a continuously operated laboratory set-up. An aerated reactor was filled with thermophilically digested sludge from the Moscow wastewater treatment plant and inoculated with special activated sludge. It was then operated at the chemostat mode at different flow rates. Processes of nitrification and denitrification, as well as ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Ex Situ Biological Treatment for Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    The main advantage of ex situ treatment is that it generally requires shorter time periods than in situ treatment, and there is more certainty about the uniformity of treatment because of the ability to homogenize, screen, and continuously mix the soil. However, ex situ treatment requires excavation of soils, leading to increased costs and engineering for equipment, possible permitting, and ...

  • Impact of microwave treatment on properties of waste activated sludge

    The impact of changing microwave (MW) operational parameters such as temperature, intensity, contact time, and sludge concentration on the physic–chemical and microbiological properties of waste activated sludge (WAS), as well as on biogas production have been investigated. Results obtained indicated that sludge solubility increases with the increase of MW contact time and temperature. At an ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Common Treatment Technologies for Radionuclides in Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    Unlike organic contaminants (and similar to metals), radionuclides cannot be destroyed or degraded; therefore, remediation technologies applicable to radionuclides involve separation, concentration/volume reduction, and/or immobilization. The most commonly used treatment technology for radionuclides in soil, sediment, and sludge is solidification/stabilization (S/S). This treatment technology is ...

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