sludge volume reduction Articles

  • Pretreatment followed by anaerobic digestion of secondary sludge for reduction of sewage sludge volume

    The influence of two pretreatment methods, thermal treatment and low-pressure wet oxidation, on the sludge digestion efficiency was examined. Batch thermophilic anaerobic digestion was used to evaluate the effectiveness of the pretreatment methods in terms of volatile suspended solids (VSS) digestion efficiency and gas production. The results showed that the gas production was not proportional ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • WWTP Sludge reduction case study

    Introduction The City of Spring Valley, IL was seeking bioaugmentation to reduce the economic burden of sludge dredging and disposal and to evaluate the possibility of restoring the microbiological activity in the lagoon. The lagoon was flooded several times from the near-by Illinois River, which created different strata of inorganic silt/organic sludge and densely packed sludge at the ...

  • Sludge reduction performance focus: Lagoon sludge case study

    In-Pipe Technology Pipe Technology® Company, Inc., Company, Inc., Company, Inc., is an effective, environmentally is an effective, environmentally is an effective, environmentally-friendly, and fiscally friendly, and fiscally responsible method to reduce accumulated lagoon solids. By reducing accumulated sludge volumes by 40% to 85%, In- volumes by 40% to 85%, In-Pipe Technology has helped ...

  • Experimental study of using wastewater sludge as a new drag reduction agent

    Siltation is considering as a huge risk to the life and security of dams. Forced to preserve their useful volumes, managers use sediment dredging operations through different techniques. The aim of our work is to investigate the wastewater sludge derived from wastewater treatment as a new natural lubricating instrument during transport of sediment in the pipes and to reduce head losses. From ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effects of oxidation reduction potential in the bypass micro-aerobic sludge zone on sludge reduction for a modified oxic–settling–anaerobic process

    Batch experiments were conducted to determine the effect of oxidation reduction potential (ORP) on sludge reduction in a bypass micro-aerobic sludge reduction system. The system was composed of a modified oxic–settling–anaerobic process with a sludge holding tank in the sludge recycle loop. The ORPs in the micro-aerobic tanks were set at approximately +350, −90, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The investigation of the sludge reduction efficiency and mechanisms in oxic–settling–anaerobic (OSA) process

    This paper aims to provide a full understanding of the sludge reduction mechanisms in the oxic–settling–anaerobic (OSA) process and presents an evaluation of the sludge reduction efficiencies and sludge characteristics in this process compared to the conventional activated sludge process. Fifty-eight percent reduction in observed yield in the OSA process was achieved compared to the control ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sludge reduction via biodegradation of the endogenous residue (XE): experimental verification and modeling

    The feasibility of sludge reduction via the XE biodegradation process was explored both experimentally and through modeling, where the main focus was on determining the value of the bE parameter (first order degradation of XE) from a continuous process. Two activated sludge (AS) systems (30 L) were operated in parallel with synthetic wastewater during 16 months: a conventional ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Pilot scale evaluation of SANI® process for sludge minimization and greenhouse gas reduction in saline sewage treatment

    This study reports on a pilot trial of the SANI® process (Sulfate reduction, Autotrophic denitrification and Nitrification Integrated process) in Hong Kong. A pilot-scale SANI plant treating saline sewage at 10 m3/day was scaled-up from a lab-scale system treating synthetic saline sewage. The plant consisted of a sulfate reduction up-flow sludge bed (SRUSB), an anoxic bioreactor (BAR1) for ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Study on sewage sludge gasification

    Aimed at creating new technology to reduct greenhouse gas emission, the Tokyo Bureau of Sewerage has developed a system generating electricity with a gas engine using biogas generated by pyrolytic gasification of sewage sludge in a fluidized-bed gasifier. A 15t/d demonstration facility was built based on a dehydrated sludge and demonstration tests were run for 3400 hours from 2005. As a result of ...

  • Shining a light on sludge

    HACH LANGE's Solitax turbidity/ suspended solids sensor has been integrated into a tanker reception system to enable the measurement of solids concentration in wastewater movements to and from treatment plants and in trade waste applications for monitoring strengths of imported wastes. JR Pridham Services Ltd (JRP) developed the system to provide visibility of both quantitative and qualitative ...


  • Sludge reduction by direct addition of chlorine dioxide into a sequencing batch reactor under operational mode of repeatedly alternating aeration/non-aeration

    The effect of direct addition of chlorine dioxide (ClO2) into a repeatedly alternating aeration/non-aeration sequencing batch reactor (SBR) on its sludge reduction and process performance was investigated. The experimental results showed that the sludge reduction efficiency was 32.9% and the observed growth yield (Yobs) of SBR was 0.11 kg VSS (volatile suspended solids) /kg COD (chemical ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Pollution reduction and biodegradability index improvement of tannery effluents

    Al2 (SO4)3, 18H2O, FeCl3 and Ca (OH)2 were used for the treatment of tannery wastewaters. The influences of pH and coagulant dosages were studied. Conditions were optimised according to the pollutant removal efficiencies, the volume of decanted sludge and the biodegradability index improvement. The results indicate that 67-71% of total COD, 76-92% of color and 79-97% of chromium can be removed ...

  • Recovery of Phosphorus from Sewage Sludge

    In the following, a method to recover phosphorus from sewage sludge as MAP (magnesiumammonium- phosphate, also called struvite) is to be presented. The process uses sulfuric acid to leach phosphorus out of digested sewage sludge. After solid-/liquid-separation, interfering metal ions in the liquid phase are inactivated through complexation. For the subsequent precipitation of the phosphorus, ...

  • Dewatering of Industrial Sludge - Case Study

    At Ten Cate Protect, town of Nijverdal, The Netherlands, 2006 During the wastewater treatment process at Ten Cate Protect large quantities of sewage sludge are liberated. A couple of days per week this sludge is transported in tanker trucks to a waste disposal plant. On June 14th 2005 a Geotube MDS unit was put in operation at Ten Cate Protect to separate and condense the sludge of the aerobic ...

  • Impact of the volume of rain water on the operating constraints for a treatment plant

    ABSTRACTThe new regulations require an increased amount of treatment of stormwater and a reduction of pollution loads discharged into the natural surroundings to be considered. Drainage systems therefore and particularly wastewater treatment plants should be sized correctly to cope with these peaks. Using a simulation software of wastewater treatment plant with activated sludge, such as SIMBAD, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Data Requirements for Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    Site soil conditions frequently limit the selection of a treatment process. Process-limiting characteristics such as pH or moisture content may sometimes be adjusted. In other cases, a treatment technology may be eliminated based upon the soil classification (e.g., particle-size distribution) or other soil characteristics. Soils are inherently variable in their physical and chemical ...

  • Faecal sludge management - Malaysia Philippines

    1. Overview and key points Malaysia has been recognised to have adopted a good sanitation model through the use legislative reforms and implementation models. A firm set of guidelines along with clear knowledge on the role played by every stakeholder, especially that of developers whose responsibility it is to construct their own wastewater treatment, enabled an increase in sanitation coverage ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Toxicity reduction in industrial and municipal effluents – the state of the art

    Developments in treatment technology have traditionally focused on removal of specific contaminants: BOD, solids, ammonia, TOC and lately, specific organics such as phenol. A limit on effluent toxicity, however, does not fit so neatly into a procedural package, since it truly integrates the presence and impacts of contaminants in a sample. Toxicity reduction evaluation procedures, therefore, are ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Waste Reduction and Chemical Minimisation: Oxford Panels

    A program involving recycling, waste reduction and waste treatment, is saving Oxford Panels around $1,000 annually on waste removal cost alone. A 30% saving on the cost of raw materials such as thinners and sandpaper, has also been recorded. Importantly, staff morale has increased. They like the reduction in chemicals and pollutants in their workplace and take pride knowing they are actively ...


  • Kemicond - Improvement of the Dewaterability of Sewage Sludge by Chemical Treatment

    The Kemicond process for sludge conditioning consists of a chemical treatment with sulphuric acid and hydrogen peroxide at a pH-value around 4 followed by a dewatering unit. It is shown that through the chemical treatment of ferruginous digested sludge the dewaterability, measured in laboratory experiments as CST-value, can be improved. From the results of the experiments, it is concluded that ...

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