small hydropower control system Articles

  • Control systems for small hydropower plants: a review

    Hydropower is emerging as a major contributor to world energy requirement. It is inexhaustible, clean and has many other benefits like flood mitigation, water supply, irrigation, etc. However, large-scale hydropower generation suffers from inherent disadvantages, such as massive financial outlays, long gestation periods, geological surprises, environmental factors and rehabilitation of the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Anti-islanding protection and islanding operation of grid-connected hydropower distributed generation

    Salient issues associated with the connection of hydropower distributed generation (HPDG) into distribution networks include operation and voltage regulation, grid connection and control interaction, anti-islanding protection and islanding operation, and operation of protective devices. Better understanding of these issues and finding solutions to these problems are timely and important to the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Control of dynamic effects in small hydro with long hydraulic circuits

    Lab tests in a long hydraulic circuit were developed to analyse hydrotransients induced by waterhammer effects under runaway conditions. The definition of suitable design criteria in hydraulic systems is of utmost importance and has become a priority for good design implementation. The dynamic behaviour of turbo-generators of small reaction turbines and the interaction with long hydraulic ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Energy recovery potential using micro hydropower in water supply networks in the UK and Ireland

    The supply and treatment of water is a highly energy intensive process, resulting in large amounts of greenhouse gas emissions as well as incurring large economic costs. Both governments and water service providers worldwide recognise the need for more sustainable water supply systems. In recent years, the use of hydropower turbines within water supply networks has been shown as a viable option ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Background: EU electricity and gas directives

    3.rd Energy Market Package, proposed September 2007 September 2007 the EU Commission proposed a revision of the electricity and gas market directives with amendmets of the directives on electricity and gas markets and the directives on cross-border trade of electricity and gas. The main changes are that all countries must have independant regulators of the electricity and gas markets, that these ...

  • Impact of IT on river modeling

    Background Models of river channels and river flows have been used to good effect for many years. HR Wallingford Group, in the UK, has been building physical models of rivers for nearly 60 years. Some years ago, it was predicted that physical modeling would soon cease to exist, to be entirely replaced by computer models. This has not happened - in fact, the demand for physical models is greater ...


    By Innovyze

  • Landfills Expand Energy Output

    HIGH fossil fuel prices and growing concern about global climate change are creating favorable conditions for landfill gas energy (LFGE) projects. Notably, endorsement of LFGE by Federal agencies and many states as a form of “green” power has enabled LFGE developers to earn premiums for electricity marketed through green power programs, and to benefit from expanded federal tax credits for ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Biomethane production at Ontario wastewater treatment plant

    The City of Hamilton is purifying biogas and injecting it into the grid, while continuing to generate power and recover heat from its CHP system. Hamilton, Ontario, has long been a leader in producing biogas from its sewage and storm water wastes. Half a century ago, the city of 520,000 began processing sludge from its sprawling Woodward Avenue Wastewater Treatment Plant through anaerobic ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

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