small wastewater treatment Articles

  • Small domestic wastewater treatment using waste materials

    Phosphorus pollution of groundwater from small wastewater system is often considered as a major threat for aquatic habitats. Recirculating biofilters are often used to treat small wastewater systems without significant removal of phosphorus. In this paper, a low-cost waste material (dried alum residual) in pre-treated effluents from recirculating biofilters was examined. Two different types of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Robust decentralized wastewater treatment for small communities…FAST®

    For many small and medium communities, centralized or conventional sewer options are technically complicated and/or are often the expensive choice for managing wastewater treatment. As the demand for water reaches critical levels for most areas around the world, decentralized treatment systems are becoming increasingly popular by returning treated water back to the local environment.  ...


    By Bio-Microbics, Inc.

  • SBR Wastewater Treatment Provides Large Clean-up on Small Site

    One of the largest capacity wastewater treatment plants in Europe is under construction on a small plot of land at Ringsend, on Dublin Bay in Ireland. Sequencing batch reactor (SBR) technology and 100,000 diffusers from ITT Industries' Sanitarie unit was selected to meet the challenging waste treatment needs for this site. When Dublin's wastewater treatment plant was built in the 1970s, it ...


  • Sludge reduction in a small wastewater treatment plant by electro-kinetic disintegration

    Sludge reduction in a wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) has recently become a key issue for the managing companies, due to the increasing constraints on the disposal alternatives. Therefore, all the solutions proposed with the aim of minimizing sludge production are receiving increasing attention and are tested either at laboratory or full-scale to evaluate their real effectiveness. In the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Design configurations for commercial application of biomass carriers in small wastewater treatment plants

    Introduction Moving bed type reactors are bio-film processes utilizing small, plastic biomass carriers that mix in the water. The use of biomass carriers is becoming common world-wide, for many applications, some of which are: compact low operation units, industrial wastewater roughing filters, retrofit and upgrade of municipal wastewater treatment plants. The AGARTM Process (Attached Growth ...

  • Lagoon treatment and disposal retrofit at a small community wastewater facility

    Kendal~Crosslands Communities has managed its wastewater since the early 1970s by use of a lagoon treatment and spray irrigation disposal facility. The facility is the first in Chester County, Pennsylvania, to utilize the environmentally friendly spray irrigation method for disposal of treated wastewater. Spray irrigation has become a preferred method of land application disposal and a valuable ...

  • Inetgrated Planning for Wastewater Treatment and Recycling for a Small Community Development

    ABSTRACTIntegrated water resources planning was conducted for Olowalu Town, a proposed development in western Maui, Hawaii. Total water needs, which can be supplied by a combination of diverted surface water, well water, recycled water and captured stormwater, are estimated at between 1 and 2 mgd. The Olowalu development will generate approximately 0.5 million gallons per day (mgd) of municipal ...

  • Small-bioreactor platform technology as a municipal wastewater additive treatment

    The bioaugmentation treatment approach presents both an economical and environmentally friendly solution for wastewater treatment. However, the use of exogenous bacterial cultures presents several limitations: negative interaction between microorganisms and adaptation to new physical and chemical composite environment. These selective forces create a significant challenge for the introduced ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Decentralized Wastewater Treatment

    An application used worldwide, now growing in US to address the needs of small communities and developments Conventional sewer operations managed by small communities provide centralized treatment of wastewater of which residents are accustomed. But the expense of operating these systems as they expand with miles and miles of sewer lines is staggering. Expanding sewer line infrastructure, ...


    By Bio-Microbics, Inc.

  • Optimizing Wastewater Treatment

    ' Growing volumes of both industrial and municipal wastewater are being discharged to surface waters but the treatment provided frequently is inadequate to protect the desired uses of the receiving waters. With limited resources in terms of both institutional capacity and finance, governments face difficult choices in optimizing their investments in municipal systems and establishing practical ...


    By The World Bank

  • Die casting wastewater treatment

    The Client Our Client is a company that operates in the field of aluminum products for the food industry since 1936 producing pots for local and foreign markets. The production line also includes all the mechanical processing from plates to finished products. The challenge The goal to be achieved was the reduction of the disposal ...

  • The biological basis of wastewater treatment

    Introduction This booklet was written to fulfil the need for a simple explanation of the biological processes that underpin wastewater treatment. It attempts to show how the bacteria involved deal with the organic carbon in the sewage. Remarkably, there are just 3 major processes involved, and these mirror exactly the 3 major processes at work in the plant viz: biodegradation, oxygen ...

  • Commercial wastewater treatment solutions

    Neatport PTY LTD, A.B.N. 62 063 770 534 is a registered company in Queensland, Australia, trading as Suncoast Waste Water Management (SWWM) which has been a registered business since 1983 manufacturing the ‘OZZI KLEEN’ range of wastewater treatment solutions for both domestic household, marine, and commercial applications. As the team behind the Ozzi Kleen product range, we strives to engineer, ...

  • From Wastewater Treatment to Sweet Pineapples

    In wastewater treatment, ammonia that is removed from sewage used to be discharged directly to the atmosphere. Nowadays, studies have identified that ammonia emissions are of major concern to air quality. This has led to a new way of thinking. Sulzer offers modern closed-air-loop systems for wastewater treatment that transform ammonia into a common soil fertilizer. This reuse of a waste product ...


    By Sulzer

  • Wastewater Treatment Solutions for any location

    As an Australian leader in sewage treatment technology, Suncoast Waste Water Management (SWWM) has been serving the needs of isolated communities, mining locations and many other projects not connected to municipal sewage treatment systems, for more than two decades. SWWM offers you complete wastewater treatment solutions for any project! With the knowledge and understanding only gained through ...

  • Wastewater treatment down-time `not acceptable`

    Reliable 24/7 monitoring and control of a pharmaceutical company's wastewater facility is fundamentally important to the successful operation of the entire business. This is because failures or down-time in the wastewater treatment process would quickly result in waste stream back up. It follows therefore that monitoring equipment should be extremely reliable and this is why Shasun Pharma ...


  • Wastewater treatment in an anaerobic filter using small lava stones as filter media without temperature control

    For their simplicity and using cheap support materials, biological filtration of municipal wastewater can be adequate for developing countries where the legislation is not as strict as in other countries, like the members of the European Union. Biological filters are fixed biomass reactors where the suspended pollutants can easily be retained and the dissolved substances can be transformed by ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • On-site treatment of domestic wastewater using a small-scale horizontal subsurface flow constructed wetland

    A small-scale horizontal subsurface flow constructed wetland, located in North Greece, was designed and constructed to treat wastewater from a single-family residence. A three-year monitoring program was undertaken to evaluate the performance of this system. The monitoring campaigns were organized every 7 days. Water quality samples were collected at the inlet, at intermediate points (i.e. at the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water and wastewater treatment for Solar industry

    Solar cells arc manufactured in a complex process thai requires enormous know-how. The objective is to produce panels with a high level of efficiency at low cost. To achieve this, different production processes are used. A fundamental distinction is made between solar cells on the basis of silicon wafers and thin-film cells, in which a special process is used to apply the photovoltaic layer onto ...


    By EnviroChemie GmbH

  • Sustainable Treatment and Reuse of Municipal Wastewater

    The uncontrolled disposal to the environment of municipal, industrial and agricultural liquid, solid and gaseous wastes constitutes one of the most serious threats to the sustainability of the human race by contaminating water sources, land and air, and by its potential contribution to global warming. With increasing population and economic growth, treatment and safe disposal of wastewater ...


    By IWA Publishing

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