sodium hypochlorite storage Articles

  • On-Site Sodium Hypochlorite Generation

    AbstractIn this manuscript the on-site generation of sodium hypochorite for water and wastewater disinfection will be examined. The objective of this paper is to familiarize the reader with the equipment and operational requirements necessary for on-site sodium hypochlorite generation systems. This manuscript will review the following topics relative to on-site generation systems: Understand the ...

  • Comparing the Realities of Elemental Chlorine vs. Sodium Hypochlorite

    Recently, we have seen a growing trend towards the use of a less reliable and more costly disinfection chemical, Sodium Hypochlorite. Much of this can be attributed to the fact that large companies making chemical metering pumps for other uses or other alternative disinfection devices as well as chemical suppliers who profit more by selling costly Sodium Hypochlorite have proliferated misleading ...


  • A Plast-O-Matic degassing valve eases the filtration process of sodium hypochlorite bleach

    The manufacturing of bleach has come a long way since the early years of the First Industrial Revolution. Back in 1799, Scottish chemist Charles Tennant patented a lime powder that was manufactured by treating lime with water, spread thinly over the concrete floor. Chlorine gas was then pumped into the room and absorbed by the lime. This development of bleaching powder as a source of chlorine by ...


  • A Plast-O-Matic degassing valve eases the filtration process of sodium hypochlorite bleach

    The manufacturing of bleach has come a long way since the early years of the First Industrial Revolution. Back in 1799, Scottish chemist Charles Tennant patented a lime powder that was manufactured by treating lime with water, spread thinly over the concrete floor. Chlorine gas was then pumped into the room and absorbed by the lime. This development of bleaching powder as a source of chlorine by ...


  • ClorTec® An Operational Profile of a Pennsylvania Water Treatment Plant’s On-site Hypochlorite Generating System

    For more than 30 years, on-site generation of sodium hypochlorite has been a key process in water treatment for municipal and industrial applications. The benefits of the on-site generation process over chlorine gas and bulk hypochlorite have been well documented and include: Eliminate bulk storage of hazardous chemicals Reduce risk to plant personnel because of drastically eliminate hazardous ...


    By De Nora Water Technologies

  • Microbiological quality of chlorinated water after storage in ceramic pots

    Household water treatment with sodium hypochlorite has been shown to reduce self-reported diarrheal disease in developing countries. Reported hypochlorite use, time since treatment, total chlorine residual (TCR), and E. coli concentration results from 589 household surveys in rural Kenya were analyzed to quantify the effect of exceeding recommended 24 hour post-treatment water storage time ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • On-Site Chlorine Generation Feasibility Study

     ABSTRACT Gaseous chlorine has been effectively used for disinfection in drinking water and wastewater treatment for decades. While various regulatory programs have placed numerous restrictions on the uses of this chemical due to its hazardous nature, recent focus on the possibility of a terrorist attack at a drinking water or wastewater facility, has underscored the potential hazard ...

  • Controoling chlorine costs

    The most widespread disinfectant used in the treatment of drinking water is chlorine, which can be applied in a variety of ways. History has taught us that, in bacteriological terms, chlorinating water is a proven way of disinfecting drinking water. After all, more than 75 years have passed since chlorine was used to disinfect drinking water for the first time. Many years of experience have shown ...


  • From Gas to Liquid: Large-Scale Chlorination System Conversion

    Abstract A number of wastewater treatment facilities using gas disinfection have decided to convert to liquid disinfection for several reasons including safety, regulatory, security, and economic factors. An optimal technology plan should be developed to facilitate the conversion. This presentation provides a case study of a large chlorine disinfection system, and demonstrates key issues of ...

  • J555 gasless disinfection

    Detailed design, works manufacture and site installation of Sodium Hypochlorite dosing systems for conversion of 6 sites from Chlorine gas to liquid Sodium Hypochlorite Client: MWH Area: Hertfordshire WES Ltd were involved from early on in the project design stage in developing new Sodium Hypochlorite and Sodium Bisulphite dosing systems for Three Valleys ...


    By WES Ltd / Weschem Ltd

  • Case study: KLORIGEN™ system performance

    Des Moines Water Works (DMWW) plays a key role in providing the city of Des Moines and other communities in central Iowa with a safe, clean and healthy water supply. The DMWW operates two water treatment plants in central Iowa, one on Fleur Drive in Des Moines and the second one at Maffitt Reservoir, located southwest of the metropolitan area. Des Moines Water Works is an independently operated ...

  • MIOX offers another sanitizing alternative

    It was with great interest that I read your article titled “Drinking It In”(February 2007). The story specifically mentions filtrations and UV as two examples of water technologies used in the aquatics business. I would like to bring to your readers’ attention another promising technology that got its start in the municipal water market. Chlorine-based mixed oxidants originally were developed for ...


    By MIOX Corporation

  • Aeration decreases THMs

    WITH HIGH LEVELS of trihalomethanes (THMs), the township of North Shore in Northern Ontario, Canada, explored treatment options at its Serpent River'Water Treatment Plant. The Serpent River treatment process includes slow-sand filtration. limestone contact tanks, and sodium hypochlorite disinfection. After filtration, sodium hypochlorite is injected into the treatment process before water enters ...

  • Alternative Disinfection Technology Demonstrates Advantages for Wet Weather Applications – A Pilot Study of Powdered Bromine Technology

    A bromine disinfection technology currently utilized in Japan for Combined Sewer Overflow (CSO) disinfection was piloted by the City of Akron, Ohio. Bromochlorodimethylhydantoin (BCDMH) is a biocide in powdered form that, when dissolved in water, hydrolyzes to hypobromous acid, hypochlorous acid (the active biocides) and Dimethylhydantoin. This unique combination in active biocides can yield ...

  • Technology Spotlight: BIONOxSOLVER NOx: An Eco-Friendly Scubbing Solution

    NOx scrubber installations employing Bionomic Industries' BIONOxSOLVER have proven to be simpler, safer and considerably more cost effective than systems using sodium sulfide or hydrosulfide scrubbing reagents. Sodium sulfide and hydrosulfide are DOT libeled hazardous compounds that require dealing with major worker safety issues. They are extremely corrosive, causing difficulties in safe ...


    By Bionomic Industries Inc.

  • Mixed Oxidants show disinfection benefits for municipalities

    “The most significant advantage over gas chlorination or hypochlorination is an ability to maintain chlorine residuals further along the water distribution system, due to better biofilm removal. Other noted advantages of mixed oxidants are ease of operation with self-cleaning electrolytic cell on-site generators, fewer safety issues in comparison to gas chlorination, and lower costs ...


    By MIOX Corporation

  • San Jose Water Company Solves Chloramine Residual Problem with the Process Solutions, Inc. Monoclor Chloramine Management System

    Located on the southern edge of California’s ever-expanding Silicon Valley, the San Jose Water Company treats and distributes water to over 1 million people. Founded in 1866, the investor-owned public utility has built a reputation for being focused on customer service and has been an early adopter of new treatment Technologies. Like many water utilities, San Jose Water has had to adapt to ...

  • Verderflex peristaltic pumps replaces mag drive pumps in water treatment

    Verderflex provided a cost effective solution to a Swiss airport that had been experiencing significant problems with their water softening treatment. The local water supply required treatment to prevent scaling in the pipework.  The Challenge The existing treatment system required a salt solution to be dosed from a storage tank close to the pumps ...

  • A Four Channel Gas Detector for Wastewater Treatment Plants

    Common hazardous gases found in wastewater treatment plant facilities are hydrogen sulphide, methane, ammonia, carbon monoxide, chlorine and oxygen deficiency. Some facilities may also use ozone, chlorine dioxide or sodium hypochlorite with the chlorine during the sanitization treatment process. Furthermore, sulphur dioxide is often used to de-chlorinate the water once the treatment process is ...

  • Hospital cooling tower application

    The Challenge: One of the largest teaching hospitals in Illinois wanted to improve safety and “green” operations in their cooling tower water treatment chemical regimen without sacrificing effectiveness. The Solution: Replacement of bulk bleach with on-site generated MIOX® mixed oxidant solution, Earthwise reduced the hospital's liability from ...


    By MIOX Corporation

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