sodium meter Articles

  • Comparing the Realities of Elemental Chlorine vs. Sodium Hypochlorite

    Recently, we have seen a growing trend towards the use of a less reliable and more costly disinfection chemical, Sodium Hypochlorite. Much of this can be attributed to the fact that large companies making chemical metering pumps for other uses or other alternative disinfection devices as well as chemical suppliers who profit more by selling costly Sodium Hypochlorite have proliferated misleading ...


  • Effect of sodium azide on the metabolic activity of cultured fetal cells

    Sodium azide is a highly toxic substance. However, the mechanism of its toxicity has not been fully established. In the present study, we attempted to investigate the toxicity of sodium azide in various cultured fetal cells, using changes in cellular respiration as an indicator of metabolic inhibition to elucidate tissue-specificity. The human fetal cell lines used in this study included ...


    By SAGE Publications

  • Is your metering diaphragm pump having self-priming problems?

    Dosing sodium hypochlorite, fluoride, and alum There is a simple and 100% interchangeable alternative to solve your problems. Same footprint as competing diaphragm pumps. All ancillaries reused Mounting shelf Platform All suction and discharge piping Appurtenances like gauges and valves ...

  • Qdos metering pumps usurp diaphragm models in potable water application

    The revolutionary new Qdos 30 metering pump from Watson-Marlow Fluid Technology Group is proving a resounding success in Barrie, Canada. Located in southern Ontario on the western shore of Lake Simcoe, Barrie is a modestly sized city (135,000 residents) but one with a track record for quality when it comes to its potable water supply. Here, the Water Operations Branch of the Corporation of the ...

  • Chemical metering pumps solve CP&L’s demineralization problem

    In order to solve a plugging problem in injection system of its coal-fired Lee plan in Goldsboro, NC, Carolina Power & Light Co. replaced the system with two chemical metering pumps. The two chemical metering pumps, made by Hydroflo Corp., have withstood continuous exposure to regenerating chemicals for almost ten years and have required minimal maintenance to the utility. Lee ...

  • Fluoridation: A Better Way? case study

    Ffficient, cost-effective addition of fluoride to drinking water is increasingly important as the U.S. EPA and Department of Health and Human Services contemplate additional nationwide standards for fluoride injection. A relatively new company, Integrity Municipal Services (IMS), has developed a new design for sodium fluoride saturator and feed systems and has successfully applied it at customer ...


    By Integrity Municipal Systems

  • ClorTec™ On-site Disinfection Helps Ensure Safety at British Columbia Water Treatment Facility

    Constructed in 1997, the District of Chetwynd Water Treatment Plant (British Columbia, Canada) treats nearly 2,500 cubic meters of water per day using gas chlorination as its primary form of drinking water disinfection. With recent concerns about the safety of chlorine gas, including potential eye, skin and respiratory irritation and the risk of death with high exposure, the district elected ...


    By De Nora Water Technologies

  • Applications guide to mass flow measurement in the primary metals

    Mass flow meters can provide precision measurement and control of proccss gases in many phases of plant operation. They make processes more repeatable and provide greater control over quality and costs. Sierra mass flow meters were designed for these purposes. They can make any plant more cost-effective in several ways: Aluminum Purification: Automated Gas Flow Control The last ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • How can I measure Salt in food?

    Sodium is a mineral required by the body for normal functions, but excessive intake can cause high blood pressure and hypertension. This has lead governments and regulatory bodies to focus on monitoring the levels of salt in foods in order to reduce the risk of these health affects. Canned foods are of particular concern as these often contain relatively high levels of salt. ...


    By Camlab Limited

  • Water softeners fact sheet

    What is hard water? According to a recent U.S. Geological Survey, 85 percent of the United States’ geography has hard water. Hard water is water that contains certain naturally occurring minerals, particularly magnesium and calcium. Hard water causes many problems in a home, including deposits in sinks and bathtubs and gummed-up pipes in home plumbing systems and water-using ...


    By Kinetico International

  • Chemical switch cuts costs improves safety case study

    By replacing the sodium sulfide chemistry used in its nitrogen oxide (NOx) scrubber with a non-hazardous NOx control chemistry, ChemResearch Co. Inc. (CRC; Phoenix, AZ) reduced its operating costs and eliminated a health and safety hazard. The BIONOxSOLVER chemistry, developed by Bionomic Industries Inc. (Mahwah, NJ), provides CRC with a safe, easy-to-handle, highefficiency NOx scrubbing ...


    By Bionomic Industries Inc.

  • Reference: Potable water disinfection in Luxembourg nature reserve

    The Obersauer Nature Reserve in the Luxembourg Ardennes is a natural paradise of valleys, wet meadows and forests. In the heart of the reserve is the Esch-sur-Sûre reservoir, which provides water for around 80% of the country's population. Clean potable water for Luxembourg The 3.8 km² reservoir above the community of Esch-sur-Sûre was built in the 1950s in response ...

  • Controlling the addition of Chlorine into a Process

    There are several methods for controlling the addition of chlorine into a process. These methods include flow proportional injection, ORP (oxidation reduction potential) or a residual chlorine analyzer. Each method measures a different process characteristic. Depending on the specific type of process being controlled, there generally is a best choice for controlling the injection of either ...


    By Walchem, Iwaki America Inc.

  • Blacks dry cleaner Tetrachloroethene remediation project

    Background PCE source area in soil and groundwater at an active dry cleaner. Performed demonstration of Bioavailability Enhancement Technology (B.E. T.rM patent pending). B.E. T.  is a source area bioremediation technology that enhances the dissolution of the chlorinated solvent contaminant and provides an electron donor for anaerobic reductive ...


    By JRW Bioremediation, LLC

  • Skid mounted BWRO Systems, Venezuela

    INTRODUCTION In July 2013, Pure Aqua successfully manufactured and supplied five skid mounted BWRO systems to a major company in Venezuela. The skid mounted BWRO systems came complete with am activated carbon filter for chlorine ...


    By Pure Aqua, Inc.

  • Project profile - Newmont mining low sheep Well-Carlin, Nevada TS power plant-Battle Mtn., Nevada

    Background In 2005, AdEdge Technologies Inc. (AdEdge) was contacted to assist with design and implementation for two separate treatment systems related to the Newmont Mining site located in Carlin, Nevada, and an additional site in Battle Mountain. Site personnel and RTW Inc. evaluated arsenic treatment options, and eventually selected adsorption for these sites. At the Carlin, Nevada ...

  • Continuous mixing of confectionary ingredients

    Subject: Continuous feeding-mixing system Clients: Systems commissioned for high volume, quality food manufacturers   Description: Feeding and mixing of confectionary ingredients, chocolate and beverage powders for continuous production processes   Product characteristics: Diverse range of ingredients with differing flow properties such as sugar, pectin, citric acid, cocoa, ...


    By Gericke

  • Conductivity Theory and Measurement

    Electrical conductivity is a measure of the ability of a solution to cany* a current. Current flow in liquids differs from mat in metal conductors in that electrons cannot flow freely, but must be carried by ions. Ions are formed when a solid such as salt is dissolved in a liquid to form electrical components having opposite electrical charges. For example, sodium chloride separates to form Na" ...


    By IC Controls Ltd.

  • Reference: Outstanding technology delivers outstanding potable water

    Outstanding technology delivers outstanding potable water High-tech comes to the Sauerland region: To supply potable water, Stadtwerke Sundern uses state-of-the-art technology. When the time came to modernise their three waterworks, the first-class quality of ProMinent's products and systems was the deciding factor. Key figures ...

  • Enhancement of absolute neutron dosimetry by activation technique

    In this work, an activation technique was used for absolute neutron dosimetry. Induced gamma within two activation foils (115In and 197Au) was detected by (5 × 5) sodium iodide (NaI) crystal. Thermal neutron irradiation was performed using the thermal neutron irradiation facility at the National Institute for Standards (NIS). Two gamma ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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