soil analysis standard Articles

  • Content Analysis of Toxic Elements in Soil by Simultaneous ICP

    Contaminated soil not only leads to contamination of untreated drinking water through permeation into river water and rainwater, it adversely affects health when the soil itself is directly ingested as a child puts the ground into a stoma into a play etc. Therefore, assessment of soil toxicity using a defined method is required. I In Japan, the Soil ...

  • Standard Chlorine of Delaware Remediation

    By designing a 70-foot deep barrier wall, Black & Veatch was able to cut off contaminant source areas from a creek near New Castle, Delaware. The groundwater treatment system that Black & Veatch designed prevents site contamination from reaching the underlying drinking water aquifer. The Standard Chlorine of Delaware Site is a 65 acre area including an abandoned chlorobenzene ...


    By Black & Veatch Corporation

  • Soil Flushing

    Introduction In situ soil flushing is the extraction of contaminants from the soil with water or other suitable aqueous solutions. Soil flushing is accomplished by passing the extraction fluid through in-place soils using an injection or infiltration process. Extraction fluids must be recovered from the underlying aquifer and, when possible, they are recycled. Cosolvent Enhancement Cosolvent ...

  • The Basics of Slope Stability Analysis for Geosynthetics

    Slope stability analysis is vital to preventing slope failures in a variety of engineering applications including landfill design, roads, dams and embankments, to name a few. Proper analysis anticipates both natural and manmade slopes and failure of foundations and retaining walls. This blog covers the necessity of slope stability analysis, how to conduct the analysis and the role of ...


    By Agru America, Inc.

  • Natural Attenuation in Soils

    Introduction Surface and subsurface soils have different characteristics in natural attenuation. Mobile contaminants in subsurface soils diffuse into soil vapor and aqueous phase and thus are relatively easily subject to natural subsurface processes that can attenuate these contaminants. Most high-molecular-weight (persistent) organic and many inorganic contaminants will be immobilized in the ...

  • Laboratory analysis demonstrates severity of Ogoniland pollution

    A two year study of the environmental impacts of oil contamination in Ogoniland was one of the most complex on the ground assessments ever undertaken by ALcontrol Laboratories. Conducted at the request of UNEP and the Federal Government of Nigeria, the work involved fieldwork and laboratory analysis.  ALcontrol Laboratories analysed over 4,000 air, soil and water samples collected from ...


    By ALcontrol Laboratories

  • Setting the standards for headspace sampling by PID

    The responsiveness of PIDs to virtually all VOCs has seen them become the accepted tool for initial site entry assessment, ensuring optimal detection of unknown and often toxic or hazardous chemicals found at hazardous waste sites and chemical emergencies. The speed and accuracy of modern PID equipment means that many worker and community safety concerns during initial and ongoing operations can ...


    By Ion Science Ltd.

  • Quantitative Uncertainty Analysis of Superfund Residential Risk Pathway Models for Soil and Groundwater: White Paper

    1. INTRODUCTIONThe quantitative assessment of uncertainties in the exposure parameters for the individual exposure pathways provides considerable information about the variability and sensitivity of the calculated results. These results are important because point estimates of these parameters are used to determine the extent of remediation necessary through the Superfund process. The point ...


    By Oracle

  • Comparing Field Portable X-Ray Fluorescence (XRF) To Laboratory Analysis Of Heavy Metals In Soil

    ABSTRACT Field portable x-ray fluorescence (XRF) continues to gain acceptance as a complement to traditional laboratory testing of metal contaminated soil. The quality of data produced by field XRF varies with site conditions, soil composition, and sample preparation. Quality assurance protocols for the field method usually require that a number of field samples be split and sent to a ...

  • Analyzing sulfur in soil and sediment with handheld XRF

    Background Sulfur creates more than nasty odors. Exposure to low levels (0-10ppm) of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) causes irritation of eyes, nose, and throat; higher levels can cause headaches, dizziness, nausea and vomiting, coughing, and breathing difficulty. H2S and numerous other odor-causing compounds are generated as a result of organic material decomposition. In the case of the Muddy River in ...

  • Watershed-level analysis of exceedance frequencies for different management strategies

    Exceedance of water-quality standards is important in assessing water quality. The effectiveness of soil conservation Beneficial Management Practices (BMPs) should be measured according to the BMPs' impact on exceedance frequencies. However, estimating exceedance frequencies for different management scenarios with field measurements is practically impossible due to difficulties in obtaining ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Bioremediating Explosives Contaminated Soil

    From the beginning of World War II until the 1970s, the site that is now the Naval Surface Warfare Center in Crane, Indiana (NSWC-Crane) was the home of a major bomb manufacturing operation. Explosive compounds such as TNT, Royal Demolition Explosives (RDX) and Her Majesty’s Explosive (HMX) were handled loose and drifted through air vents. Often, the material settled on the roofs of buildings, ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Mercury Analysis

    Characteristics of Mercury What is Mercury? Mercury is a naturally occurring silver-colored metallic element noted for its occurrence as a liquid at room temperature and toxic to living organisms. This silvery, opaque liquid metal is very dense, yet has a high surface tension that causes it to form tiny perfect spheres in the pores of the rocks it is found in. It is ...


    By HORIBA Europe GmbH

  • Transfer model of lead in soil‐carrot (Daucus carota L.) system and its food safety thresholds in soil

    Reliable empirical models describing lead (Pb) transfer in soil‐plant systems are needed to improve soil environmental quality standards. A greenhouse experiment was conducted to develop soil‐plant transfer models to predict Pb concentrations in carrot (Daucus carota L.). Soil thresholds for food safety were then derived inversely using the prediction model in view of the maximum allowable ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Case study - Nigeria crude oil in soil site

    Safic Technologies, Ltd. - Port Harcourt A pilot study was conducted testing soil samples collected from a pipeline spill. Split samples were sent to Sitelab for EDRO analysis and results were the same. Samples were also sent to a Nigerian lab and a highly reputable lab in the United States for confirmation. After testing the samples a second time, the American lab got better results. ...


    By Sitelab Corporation

  • Integrating transcriptomics into triad‐based soil quality assessment

    The present study examined how transcriptomics tools can be included in a Triad‐based soil quality assessment to assess the toxicity of soils from river banks polluted by metals. To that end we measured chemical soil properties and used the standardized ISO guideline for ecotoxicological tests and a newly developed microarray for gene expression in the indicator soil arthropod, Folsomia ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Validation of a New Method for Screening Soil and Water for TCE Contamination

    INTRODUCTION ASTM Method D 7203-06, Standard Test Method for Screening Trichloroethylene (TCE)-Contaminated Media Using a Heated Diode Sensor, (ASTM 2006) can be used to screen a sample of soil or water known to contain the halogenated volatile organic compound (HVOC) TCE. The method calls for measuring the TCE concentration in the headspace above the sample using a heated diode sensor ...

  • The Analysis of BTEX and MTBE Using Specially Modified Purge Traps

    The existence of underground storage tanks containing gasoline and other petroleum products has facilitated the need for routine testing to determine if there has been any leakage into surrounding soil and ground water. The analytical methods test for “BTEX”, which is an acronym for benzene, toluene, ethyl benzene, and xylene. In many instances, testing is not limited to these ...


    By MilliporeSigma

  • ASTM Standards Help Meet Need for Clean Water

    The new ASTM Water Portal provides a single access point to standards and related information about ASTM International’s diverse committees working to protect and monitor this vital global resource. Clean and safe water is the underpinning of the quality of life for people around the world. Global economies depend on water, whether it’s to support the manufacturing of goods ...


    By ASTM International

  • Determining Bentonite Content in Soil-Bentonite Mixtures Using Electrical Conductivity

    A procedure based on electrical conductivity is described for measuring bentonite content in soil-bentonite mixtures having a wide range of bentonite contents. Standard equipment used for sedimentation analysis and an electrical conductivity meter are required. The procedure employs calibration curves relating electrical conductivity and bentonite concentration for soil-bentonite-water slurries. ...


    By ASTM International

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