soil carbon dioxide flux Articles

  • Greenhouse gas fluxes in an eastern corn belt soil: Weather, Nitrogen source, and rotation

    Relative contributions of diverse, managed ecosystems to greenhouse gases are not completely documented. This study was conducted to estimate soil surface fluxes of carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), and nitrous oxide (N2O) as affected by management practices and weather. Gas fluxes were measured by vented, static chambers in Drummer and Raub soil series during two growing seasons. Treatments ...

  • Nitrate leaching and nitrous oxide flux in urban forests and grasslands

    Urban landscapes contain a mix of land-use types with different patterns of nitrogen (N) cycling and export. We measured nitrate (NO3–) leaching and soil:atmosphere nitrous oxide (N2O) flux in four urban grassland and eight forested long-term study plots in the Baltimore, Maryland metropolitan area. We evaluated ancillary controls on these fluxes by measuring soil temperature, moisture, and ...

  • Simplified method for quantifying theoretical underestimation of chamber-based trace gas fluxes

    Received for publication June 19, 2009. Closed chambers used to measure soil-atmosphere exchange of trace gases including nitrous oxide (N2O) and carbon dioxide (CO2) generate errors due to suppression of the gas concentration gradient at the soil-atmosphere interface. A method is described here for estimating the magnitude of flux underestimation arising from chamber deployment. The technique is ...

  • Nitrate leaching and nitrous oxide flux in urban forests and grasslands

    Received for publication December 16, 2008. Urban landscapes contain a mix of land-use types with different patterns of nitrogen (N) cycling and export. We measured nitrate (NO3–) leaching and soil:atmosphere nitrous oxide (N2O) flux in four urban grassland and eight forested long-term study plots in the Baltimore, Maryland metropolitan area. We evaluated ancillary controls on these fluxes by ...

  • The Role of Soil Moisture on our Climate, Weather and Global Warming

    Global warming is a topic that has received much attention in the media, especially during the hot days of summer. The process by which carbon dioxide (CO 2) in the atmosphere prevents the escape of thermal energy into outer space is known as the green house effect. The higher the carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere the less thermal energy that can escape thus an increasing global ...

  • Enhancement of Terrestrial Carbon Sink Potential: A Possible Contribution to Mitigating Global Warming

    Introduction Climate researcher Klaus Hasselmann, Director of the Max-Planck-Institut (MPI) for Meteorology in Hamburg and a project co-ordinator of EC’s Environment and Climate Programme, was one of the first scientists to warn that recently observed global warming trends have a discernible human related forcing component. Climate model calculations show, that global warming is closely related ...


  • N2O, CH4 and CO2 emissions from seasonal tropical rainforests and a rubber plantation in Southwest China

    Abstract  The main focus of this study was to evaluate the effects of soil moisture and temperature on temporal variation of N2O, CO2 and CH4 soil-atmosphere exchange at a primary seasonal tropical rainforest (PF) site in Southwest China and to compare these fluxes with fluxes from a secondary forest (SF) and a rubber plantation (RP) site. Agroforestry systems, such as rubber plantations, are ...


    By Springer

  • Advanced gas detection technology supports arctic greenhouse gas research

    Enormous quantities of greenhouse gases (GHG) exist within Arctic ice and frozen soils, so with the threat of global warming, a clear understanding of the relationship between GHG in the atmosphere and in the ice/soil is vital because melting of permafrost could cause a dangerous climate tipping point. There can be few more challenging environments for monitoring gases, but PhD researcher Martin ...


    By Quantitech Ltd

  • Advanced Gas Detection Technology supports Arctic Greenhouse Gas Research

    Enormous quantities of greenhouse gases (GHG) exist within Arctic ice and frozen soils, so with the threat of global warming, a clear understanding of the relationship between GHG in the atmosphere and in the ice/soil is vital because melting of permafrost could cause a dangerous climate tipping point. There can be few more challenging environments for monitoring gases, but PhD researcher Martin ...


    By Gasmet Technologies Oy

  • Microbiology: The Key to Wastewater treatment case study

    The biological treatment of wastewater relies mainly on a consortium of heterotrophic and autotrophic bacteria. The fecal bacteria that are constantly introduced into the collection system are not the optimal bacteria for degrading the contaminants present in wastewaters. The soil bacteria that are introduced through inflow and infiltration are more effective at degrading the wastes and can ...

  • Divestments oil palm on peat has solid scientific basis

    In the Malaysia Chronicle of 17 January 2014, Sarawak Oil Palm Plantation Owners Association (Soppoa) mentions that there is no credible ...


    By Wetlands International

  • Monitoring greenhouse gases from biofuel crops

    Global issues such as climate change and energy security have driven rapid growth in renewable energy production - wind, solar, tidal, geothermal, hydro, biofuels etc. However, logically, each of these methods should deliver a net benefit in terms of greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction, so researchers in the United States have employed portable FTIR analysers to study the GHG emissions of biomass ...


    By Gasmet Technologies Oy

  • The Bioremediation Process

    Bioremediation allows natural processes to clean up harmful chemicals in the environment. Microscopic 'bugs' or microbes that live in soil and groundwater like to eat certain harmful chemicals, such as those found in gasoline and oil spills. When microbes completely digest these chemicals, they change them into water and harmless gases such as carbon dioxide. In order for microbes to clean up ...


  • PaHs: Beazer East, Inc. - Denver, Colorado, USA

    Project In Situ Biogeochemical Stabilization (ISBS) of Creosote/Pentachlorophenol NAPLS Using Permanganate Summary A growing number of non-aqueous phase liquid (NAPL) removal technologies have been promoted commercially over the past few years, including: thermal-enhanced recovery, surfactant flooding, steam- and temperature-enhanced extraction and others. It is ...


  • EMEP/EEA air pollutant emission inventory guidebook 2016

    1 Guidebook Introduction 1.1 Introduction The joint EMEP (1)/EEA Air Pollutant Emission Inventory Guidebook (the 'Guidebook'), following the 'Guidelines for Reporting Emissions and Projections Data' under the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution (LRTAP) (2), provides concise guidance on how ...

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