soil erosion Articles

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Assessment and Reporting on Soil Erosion

by European Environment Agency (EEA)  (Jan. 1, 2003)

Untitled Document This report presents the results of a peer review of work on soil erosion carried out by the EEA up until 2001. It also summarises the conclusions of an expert ...

Preventing Soil Erosion - Protecting Humanity

by CoirGreen  (Aug. 12, 2015)

When discussing environmental concerns, soil erosion is not the first issue that comes into mind. The world’s media focuses on fossil fuel problems, climate change, biodiversity and forest fires, while soil depletion is less spectacular and is seldom mentioned. However, societies in the past have even collapsed or disappeared as a ...

Using Coir Geotextiles for soil erosion control

by CoirGreen  (Aug. 11, 2012)

One of the most effective and yet natural soil erosion prevention techniques is the use of Coir Geotextiles fabrics ( Woven Geotextiles). Used extensively to prevent environmental degradation Geotextiles have no synthetic material but is instead made out of an organic fiber, coir, which is extracted from the husk of a coconut. It is strong, ...

Coir Logs - A proven way to prevent soil erosion

by CoirGreen  (Jan. 23, 2013)

The importance of soil was emphasised by The great Indian guru, Mahathma Gandhi, who said that ‘to forget how to tend the soil is to forget ourselves’. The Mahatma made this emphatic statement in order to stress the importance of soil. Soil ...

CoirGreen™ Geotextiles - An Effective Soil Erosion Prevention Method

by CoirGreen  (Apr. 3, 2013)

“The different coir types and their characteristics have made coir the most versatile natural fiber ...

Major Considerations in Landfill Closure

by Agru America, Inc.  (Sep. 16, 2016)

Preparing for the closure and long-term care of a municipal solid waste landfill (MSWLF) can be an inordinate undertaking. Whether public or private, all landfills eventually reach the end of their active lifecycle. Before closure, a landfill must meet a series of criteria as determined by Subtitle D of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act ...

Aggregate stability and erosion response to antecedent water content of a loess soil

by Soil Science Society of America  (Mar. 11, 2009)

Soil erosion processes are affected by the erodibility of the soil and by the erosivity of the rain. The effects of rain characteristics and invariant soil properties such as texture and organic matter content on soil erosion processes are well documented. The effect of antecedent soil water content ({theta}a) on aggregate breakdown, seal ...

Improvements on a system for soil erosion control of slopes using scrap tyres

by Inderscience Publishers  (Jan. 4, 2008)

This work proposes improvements on the assembly process of a slope protection system using scrap tyres to reduce severe erosion that occurs in non-vegetated slopes. Tests results during six rain events, with maximal intensity of 26 mm/hr and accumulated rainfall of 94.5 mm, indicate that the installation cost of the system was $1.10USD/tyre and ...

Effects of climate change on the soil erosion risk in alpine areas

This study uses the RUSLE model to predict soil erosion. The Universal Soil Loss Equation (in one of its different versions i.e. USLE, RUSLE) is the most common model for research on erosion. It was designed to be used on hilly terrains for agricultural purposes where sheet and rill erosion processes are prevailing. It is not designed for some of ...

Application of spatial Markov chains to the analysis of the temporal–spatial evolution of soil erosion

by IWA Publishing  (Jun. 11, 2016)

Soil and water conservation in the Three Gorges Reservoir Area of China is important, and soil erosion is a significant issue. In the present study, spatial Markov chains were applied to explore the impacts of the regional context on soil erosion in the Xiangxi River watershed, and Thematic Mapper remote sensing data from 1999 and 2007 were ...

Soil erosion in the riparian zone of the Three Gorges Reservoir, China

by IWA Publishing  (Mar. 19, 2015)

The riparian zone of the Three Gorges Reservoir (TGR) has experienced substantial erosion that may severely deteriorate the reservoir ecosystem. To calculate soil erosion characteristics, field investigations have been conducted in the TGR area and 12 erosion-monitoring transects have been set in the middle TGR. The results showed that the ...

Ohio slope erosion, Cleveland, Ohio

by Presto Geosystems  (Jun. 9, 2009)

Every day, over 100,000 vehicles drive on I-480, a six lane Interstate highway around Cleveland, Ohio. To improve the appearance and correct some heavily eroded areas, the Ohio Department of Transportation decided to landscape 3.5 miles (5.6 km) of both cut and fill slopes on the north side of I-480. Their plans called for regrading, draining, and ...

Soil erosion impact on soil organic carbon spatial variability on steep tropical slopes

by Soil Science Society of America  (Mar. 11, 2009)

The main objectives of this study were to evaluate soil organic C (SOC) variability in a representative hillslope of Laos and to quantify the impact of some environmental factors. We collected 2348 soil samples from 581 georeferenced soil pits within a hillslope of northern Laos under traditional shifting cultivation at 0- to 0.05-m depth and then ...

Erosion control products: cost effective alternatives for revegetation

by CoirGreen  (Apr. 2, 2016)

Erosion is any horticulturist’s worst nightmare. From the process of replanting and restoration, to the loss of the most fertile soil, i.e. the topsoil, erosion can have damaging effects on any cultivation. Although erosion is mainly associated with water erosion, wind erosion and tillage are another two forms of erosion. So what are the ...

Synthetic turf system solves landfill erosion challenge

by Waste Advantage Magazine  (Oct. 1, 2010)

After four years as landfill district manager for IESI Corp., Delaney Lewis was discouraged. Although one of the Louisiana landfills for which he was responsible exhibited ideal geology, the soil characteristics were not conducive to side slope maintenance. The soil of the LaSalle/Grant landfill was highly erodible, exhibited a high plasticity ...

Selecting and applying cesium-137 conversion models to estimate soil erosion rates in cultivated fields

by Soil Science Society of America  (Jan. 1, 2010)

Received for publication April 19, 2009. The fallout radionuclide cesium-137 (137Cs) has been successfully used in soil erosion studies worldwide. However, discrepancies often exist between the erosion rates estimated using various conversion models. As a result, there is often confusion in the use of the various models and in the interpretation ...

Remote sensing and GIS based assessment of soil erosion and soil loss risk around hill top surface mines situated in Saranda Forest, Jharkhand

by IWA Publishing  (Jun. 15, 2015)

The quantitative analysis of soil erosion changes over 7 years due to mining operations in two neighboring hilltops in West-Singhbhum District, Jharkhand, are reported. CartoSat-1, ETM+ and LISS-IV satellites' data provided spatial inputs in Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE) and Morgan, Morgan and Finney method (MMF) models, which were used ...

Supergro is the ideal solution for developer’s erosions problems

by Propex Operating Company, LLC  (Jan. 1, 2006)

BACKGROUND Lakeside of Oakdale is a residential development located in northeastern Oklahoma City. This development centers around a 23-acre recreational lake with ample opportunities for soil erosion. The developer wanted to make sure that the slopes in the development and especially around the lake's perimeter were stabilized and vegetated as ...

How mangroves help in reducing flooding and coastal erosion

by Wetlands International  (Nov. 13, 2013)

Inhabitants of low lying delta areas are particularly exposed to flooding and erosion caused by storms and hurricanes. These pressures increase with climate change and sea level rise. Coastal wetlands, such as mangroves, can play a key role in damage mitigation during disasters, as well as in stabilising coastlines. They also contribute to ...

Soil erosion response to climatic change and human activity during the Quaternary on the Loess Plateau, China

Abstract  We review published stratigraphic, archaeological and pedosedimentary evidence in order to reconstruct the history of soil erosion in China. Documentary evidence of climatic and flood events of the Yellow River and modern hydrological and meteorological data are synthesised to analyse the history of past human activity and its effects on ...

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