soil laboratory Articles

  • Preparation of Large-Size Laboratory Deposits of Cohesive Soil

    High-quality, large-size cohesive soil deposits can be prepared in the laboratory using the slurry method, which has many advantages for research and calibration purposes. The requirements for such deposits are discussed, and details are presented of the apparatus used successfully to prepare deposits of Cornell clay. Fifteen medium-size deposits (0.6 m diameter by 1.2 m deep) and one large-size ...


    By ASTM International

  • A Cohesive Soil for Large-Size Laboratory Deposits

    The preparation of high-quality, large-size cohesive soil deposits is possible using the slurry method and is practicable if a suitable soil material is used. The requirements for such a soil are discussed and the results of a survey of available ingredient materials presented. A testing program of six trial soil mixtures is described, including consolidation of slurry in a special apparatus. ...


    By ASTM International

  • Large-Scale Laboratory Permeability Testing of a Compacted Clay Soil

    Constant-head permeability (hydraulic conductivity) tests were performed on samples of a compacted clay soil using a 0.914 by 0.914 by 0.457-m (3 by 3 by 1.5-ft) large-scale, double-ring, rigid-wall permeameter. A naturally occurring silty clay soil was used for the permeability tests. The soil was separated into five different fractions representing five different ranges in precompaction clod ...


    By ASTM International

  • Sample Handling Strategies for Accurate Lead-In-Soil Measurements in the Field and Laboratory

    ABSTRACT The inhomogenous lead-in-soil matrix can present serious obstacles to accurate sample collection and handling. In typical lead-in-soil measurement, particle size related errors in sampling and sample handling often exceed all other sources of error. The magnitude of error can vary widely depending on the particulate nature of the lead contaminant and the effectiveness of control ...

  • The Measurement of Gas Bubble Size Distributions in a Three Phase Laboratory Gassy Soil

    The technique developed can be used to measure the total void, gas void, or particle size distribution in both gassy and saturated sediments provided the void spaces, or particles, can be approximated to spheres. Here the technique is demonstrated for measuring gas bubble size distribution in a reconstituted estuarine silty clay, which has been impregnated with methane gas using the method ...


    By ASTM International

  • An experimental investigation of sorption of copper on sandy soil by laboratory batch and column experiments

    In this study, the sorption and transport behaviour of copper in sandy soil has been studied by laboratory batch and column experiments. Partitioning coefficient (kd) of copper on sandy soil has been determined by laboratory flow–through (or column) method. Analytical model CXTFIT (2.0) (Toride et al., 1995) and the method of moment (MOM) solutions of Das and Kluitenberg ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Natural Resources Conservation Service soil survey office laboratory safety guide

    Since the passage of the Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA) in 1970 for employee health and safety, laboratory safety has greatly improved as a result of regulation. Careful pre-planning has been shown to mitigate the potential health hazards of the laboratory environment. NRCS Soil Survey Office Laboratory workers need to assess potential hazards before executing any laboratory method or ...

  • Bioremediation of soil

    In our experience, Bioremediation is best accomplished with Bio-augmentation, the addition of large numbers of selected micro-organisms grown in the production laboratory. In addition to bio-augmentation, several physical and chemical parameters must be controlled in order to obtain optimal growth and maximum degradation of soil contaminants. The major factors that are controlled during ...

  • Soil Flushing

    Introduction In situ soil flushing is the extraction of contaminants from the soil with water or other suitable aqueous solutions. Soil flushing is accomplished by passing the extraction fluid through in-place soils using an injection or infiltration process. Extraction fluids must be recovered from the underlying aquifer and, when possible, they are recycled. Cosolvent Enhancement Cosolvent ...

  • WinLims for environmental laboratories

    There are many different types of environmental laboratories testing diverse and varied samples, such as soils, waters, effluents, emissions, micro swabs, etc. A large proportion of these laboratories operate on a contract basis servicing numerous client companies, whilst others would be internal laboratories providing environmental analysis for the company site or group sites. To be able to ...

  • Comparing Field Portable X-Ray Fluorescence (XRF) To Laboratory Analysis Of Heavy Metals In Soil

    ABSTRACT Field portable x-ray fluorescence (XRF) continues to gain acceptance as a complement to traditional laboratory testing of metal contaminated soil. The quality of data produced by field XRF varies with site conditions, soil composition, and sample preparation. Quality assurance protocols for the field method usually require that a number of field samples be split and sent to a ...

  • Laboratory Testing of Chemically Grouted Sand

    The effect of 14 parameters, associated with specimen preparation, handling, and testing, and with soil characteristics, was evaluated experimentally for laboratory prepared specimens of chemically grounted sands. Over 200 unconfined compression tests were conducted, and results are presented and comparisons are made in terms of unconfined compressive strength and tangent modulus at 50% of ...


    By ASTM International

  • Laboratory and Field Calibration of a Neutron Depth Moisture Gauge for Use in High Water Content Soils

    In recent years radioisotopes have been increasingly used for determining site values of the density and the water content of soils. Since field measurements obtained by neutron moisture gauges are relative, these instruments must be calibrated. Calibration is usually carried out in the laboratory by plotting neutron counting rates versus known water content values of several soil media, ...


    By ASTM International

  • Proposed New Standard Test Method for Laboratory Compaction Testing of Soil-Rock Mixtures Using Standard Effort

    The purpose of this proposed standard is to standardize a test method for determining standard effort compaction characteristics of soil-rock mixtures containing particles larger than the 3/4-in. (19.0-mm) sieve and finer than the 3-in. (76.2-mm) sieve. The proposed method utilizes a mechanical compactor equipped with a 12-in. (304.8-mm) or 18-in. (457.2-mm)-diameter mold and a 131.4-obf ...


    By ASTM International

  • Study of the 2–D copper transport in sandy soil by laboratory scale aquifer model (sand tank) experiment

    In this study, a laboratory scale aquifer model (sand tank) experiment has been carried out to simulate the 2–D transport pattern of copper into the sandy soil. The data collected from the experiment was used for verification of this physical transport experiment by using a flow and transport simulation software (MODFOLW). In case of simulation of laboratory scale aquifer model experiment ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Quantifying soil surface photolysis under conditions simulating water movement in the field: A new laboratory test design

    Soil surface photolysis can be a significant dissipation pathway for agrochemicals under field conditions, although it is assumed that such degradation ceases once the agrochemical is transported away from the surface following rainfall/irrigation and subsequent drainage of soil pore water. However, as both downward and upward water movement occurs under field conditions, relatively mobile ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Temperature effects on bioremediation of PAHs and PCP contaminated South Louisiana soils: a laboratory mesocosm study

    Goal, Scope and Background. Temperature and soil moisture content are important environmental variables in bioremediation technologies.Optimizing these variables in-situ would enhance andmaintain remediation of hazardous wastes during cold winter seasons or in cold regions and may lead to reduced maintenance and/or cost. The effect of elevated temperature and soil moisture on bioremediation ...


  • Determination of Collapse Potential of Soils

    A review of various criteria that have been proposed to identify collapsible soils and test techniques, which are used to quantify the amount of collapse, is presented. The results of a series of laboratory single and double oedometer collapse tests conducted on three metastable loess soils are presented to illustrate problems associated with investigating collapse behavior of soils. Guidelines ...


    By ASTM International

  • Asbestos in soil methods

    I wanted to start off this brief technical summary with an item that appeared in the January 2009 Indoor Environment Connections publication… “Asbestos in Soil; The State of the Issue, Tom Laubenthal, Sean Fitzgerald, Alan Seagrave, P.G. In this session, Laubenthal and Seagrave will describe the nature of asbestos contamination in soil. This issue has perplexed the industry for years. What ...

  • Microwave Drying of Soils

    Drying of soil specimens in microwave ovens can permit rapid determination of moisture content; such determination is very important in field quality control of earthwork construction. A laboratory study was performed to investigate differences between soil moisture contents based on microwave oven drying and moisture contents developed from conventional drying procedures. For nine materials ...


    By ASTM International

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