soil mixing Articles

  • In-situ stabilization using Shallow Soil Mixing and Deep Soil Mixing

    Of the currently emerging technologies for site remediation, one of the most attractive and economical is in-situ stabilization and/or in-situ fixation of contaminated soils by Shallow Soil Mixing (SSM) or Deep Soil Mixing (DSM). Actually, the soil mixing process is not new. It has been in use as a geotechnical construction process for over two decades. However, its use as a treatment for ...


    By Geo-Con, Inc.

  • Shallow Soil Mixing - a case history

    Abstract Shallow Soil Mixing (SSM) is a sister technology to Deep Soil Mixing (DSM) developed to more economically improve soils within ten meters of the surface. SSM was recently utilized to provide a foundation for large effluent storage tanks as well as to contain foundation soils in the event of liquefaction from an earthquake. Two large storage tanks were required to be built ...


    By Geo-Con, Inc.

  • Spoil, rubble and a soil-tar mix

    National Grid and Wales and West Utilities recently completed their first joint remediation project at the Aberaman Gasworks following the sale of the Wales and south west of England gas network in 2005. Here Scott Lewis from National Grid and Ashley Griffiths from Wales and West Utilities explain the challenges and processes. The project was undertaken using a stabilisation and solidification ...


  • Installation of vertical barriers using deep soil mixing

    Introduction As contamination from liquid wastes and polluted groundwater continue to be a major environmental remediation topic, methods and applications for installing vertical barriers continue to evolve. The need to contain the pollutants to reduce their potential effects has broadened the scope of a vertical barrier. Greater depths than before are required as the contamination continues ...


    By Geo-Con, Inc.

  • Guidelines for specification writing for Deep Soil Mixing

    Abstract: Deep Soil Mixing (DSM) was recently introduced into the United States as a geotechnical and environmental construction method. Primarily, DSM is used for deep foundation improvements. With the onset of this new technology, the need for guidelines for specification writing and the interpretation of testing results arises. This need would include guidelines for specifying construction ...


    By Geo-Con, Inc.

  • Defluoridation of groundwater using mixed Mukondeni clay soils

    Excess fluoride in drinking water is harmful to human health and therefore it needs to be removed from water before consumption. The potential of locally available mixed Mukondeni clay soils (MMCS) as a cheap adsorbent for the removal of fluoride from aqueous solution was investigated. Characterization of MMCS was done by X-ray fluorescence, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Permeability and Compressibility Behavior of Bentonite-Sand/Soil Mixes

    As a seepage barrier, slurry trench material should have a relatively low coefficient of permeability, in the range of 10-7 cm/s, and at the same time should be compatible with surrounding material with regard to compressibility. Although bentonite-sand/soil mixes are used widely, there is no specific engineering approach to proportion these mixes that satisfies the above practical requirements. ...


    By ASTM International

  • Deep soil mixing at the Jackson Lake Dam

    Abstract: The Jackson Lake Dam was constructed in 1917 in the Grand Teton National Park near Jackson, Wyoming. The dam was a hydraulic fill placed on a natural alluvium and outwash foundation. The Bureau of Reclamation (Burec) determined that the dam and its foundation would be susceptible to liquefaction and failure during a potential earthquake; a series of contracts was let to remove and ...


    By Geo-Con, Inc.

  • Insitu mixing of dry and slurried reagents in soil and sludge using shallow soil mixing

    Introduction Recent implementation for the Federal Hazardous Waste Land Disposal Restrictions (LDR) to RCRA and USEPA's willingness to approve on-site treatment and/or containment has allowed in situ treatment methods to become viable options in site remediation. Shallow Soil Mixing (SSM) is one of several in situ mixing techniques now commercially available for use in on-site treatment of ...


    By Geo-Con, Inc.

  • DNAPL Remediation at Camp Lejeune Using ZVI-Clay Soil Mixing

    Site 88 at Camp Lejeune, NC is the former Base dry cleaners. Historical activities have resulted in a release of dry cleaning solvents especially perchloroethene (PCE). A 10,000 square foot source area was delineated using membrane interface probe (MIP) technology, and soil and groundwater sampling. The contamination extended from the water table (roughly 7 feet below ground surface (bgs)) down ...


    By CH2M Hill Companies, Ltd.

  • Hand-Mix Case Study: SMR Soil Stabiliser Experience in Devon

    Success in the Use of Recycled Aggregate Despite being the Highway Authority with the largest U.K. network, (some 12900 km) and having reputedly one of the strictest Street Works regimes in England; Devon County Council have been very receptive to the correct use of SMR Soil Stabiliser by Utility Companies since its ...


    By SMR (UK) Ltd.

  • Application Study 0121x Former UST Site – Soil Mixing – Low Level

    SITE OVERVIEW Former UST Site, St. John’s, Az AZ DEQ Site Number: 0-000772 CONTAMINATION Gasoline contaminants in clayey soil HISTORY Leaking Underground Storage Tank (UST) had contaminated an area at the refueling location for the ...


    By EN Rx

  • Water mixing in waste lagoons

    Man-made lagoons have been used worldwide for the treatment of domestic and industrial wastewater, it seems, forever. All waste lagoons were first designed and thoughtfully planned considering their locations, soil makeup, and waste reduction processes prior to being implemented. The biological process of organic waste reduction is always a consideration of waste lagoon designs. There are three ...


    By Reliant Water Technologies

  • ASCE Geolechnlcal division specialty conference grouting - Soil improvement and geosvnthetlcs New Orleans. Louisiana and Shallow Soil Mixing

    Abstract Shallow Soil Mixing (SSM) is a sister technology to Deep Soil Mixing (DSM) developed to more economically improve soils within ten meters of the surface. SSM was recently utilized to provide a foundation for large effluent storage tanks as well as to contain foundation soils in the event of liquefaction from an earthquake. Two large storage tanks were required to be built ...


    By Geo-Con, Inc.

  • Mixed waste composting trends

    It's been about 25 years since vendors started marketing systems to process mixed municipal solid waste via composting in the U.S. Today, there are 13 plants, most fulfilling their niche in the communities they serve - whether managing MSW in high tourism areas, or processing residual organics from materials recovery facilities. Table 1 provides summary data on the 13 facilities. While we did not ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Bioremediation of soil

    In our experience, Bioremediation is best accomplished with Bio-augmentation, the addition of large numbers of selected micro-organisms grown in the production laboratory. In addition to bio-augmentation, several physical and chemical parameters must be controlled in order to obtain optimal growth and maximum degradation of soil contaminants. The major factors that are controlled during ...

  • Grain-Size Distribution of Mixed Aggregates

    When various aggregates are to be combined in order to obtain a mix having a desired grain-size distribution, current methods are based on a trial-and-error approach. It is shown in this paper that the process of combining various soils or aggregates may be a simple, rapid, and efficient procedure that eliminates the need for trial and error. The paper presents the formulation of the combination ...


    By ASTM International

  • Compost in the mix for storm water management

    Bioretention areas, also known as rain gardens, are increasingly being used to capture and treat storm water runoff from impervious surfaces such as roofs, sidewalks and parking lots. These landscaped areas often feature native plants installed in an engineered soil mixture that includes compost. “Bioretention areas or rain gardens are an attractive storm water Best Management Practice (BMP) ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Deep soil mixing shoring system to construct a 60 MGD, 40 foot deep wastewater pumping station

    The City of San Mateo, CA operates three wastewater pumping stations on a 80' wide lot located in a residential area near San Francisco Bay. The age of the stations range from 12 to 50 years, the stations have difficulty pumping peak wet weather flows, and have structural and maintenance problems. For these reasons, a new station was proposed to replace the existing stations. The site layout is ...


    By Geo-Con, Inc.

  • Soil Mixing Oxidation at a Former Manufacturing Facility (ISOTEC Case Study 65) - Former Manufacturing Facility, Northern, WI

    ·   Former Manufacturing Facility; Northern Wisconsin. Contaminants of Concern ·   TCE soil levels as high as 140,000 ug/kg. ...

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