soil oxygen Articles

  • Bioremediation of soil

    In our experience, Bioremediation is best accomplished with Bio-augmentation, the addition of large numbers of selected micro-organisms grown in the production laboratory. In addition to bio-augmentation, several physical and chemical parameters must be controlled in order to obtain optimal growth and maximum degradation of soil contaminants. The major factors that are controlled during ...

  • EXPERIENCES WITH THE USE OF OXYGEN RELEASE COMPOUND IN LOW PERMEABLE SOIL

    Introduction The new Copenhagen Metro is planned to cross an oil-polluted site with an area of 300 m² with oil concentrations of up to 7,000 mg/kg in the soil and 1-2 mg/l in the groundwater.  The oil pollution at the site arises from leaking underground storage tanks and pipelines belonging to a former service station. In order to reduce the costs of handling the polluted soil and to avoid any ...


    By Regenesis

  • Natural Attenuation in Soils

    Introduction Surface and subsurface soils have different characteristics in natural attenuation. Mobile contaminants in subsurface soils diffuse into soil vapor and aqueous phase and thus are relatively easily subject to natural subsurface processes that can attenuate these contaminants. Most high-molecular-weight (persistent) organic and many inorganic contaminants will be immobilized in the ...

  • Data Requirements for Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    Site soil conditions frequently limit the selection of a treatment process. Process-limiting characteristics such as pH or moisture content may sometimes be adjusted. In other cases, a treatment technology may be eliminated based upon the soil classification (e.g., particle-size distribution) or other soil characteristics. Soils are inherently variable in their physical and chemical ...

  • Remediation Of MTBE Contaminated Soil And Groundwater

    Methyl tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE) is a fuel additive made, in part, from natural gas. Since 1979, it has been used in the United States as an octane enhancing replacement for lead, primarily in midand high-grade gasoline at concentrations as high as 8 percent (by volume). Since the mid-1980s, it has been widely used throughout the country for this purpose. It is also used as a fuel oxygenate at ...

  • In Situ Biological Treatment for Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    The main advantage of in situ treatment is that it allows soil to be treated without being excavated and transported, resulting in potentially significant cost savings. However, in situ treatment generally requires longer time periods, and there is less certainty about the uniformity of treatment because of the variability in soil and aquifer characteristics and because the efficacy of the ...

  • Common Treatment Technologies for Fuels in Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    Common treatment technologies for fuels in soil, sediment, and sludge include biodegradation, incineration, SVE, and low temperature thermal desorption. Incineration is typically used when chlorinated SVOCs are also present with fuel, and not specified for fuel-only contaminated soil, sediment, or sludge. All types of biodegradation, both in situ or ex situ, can be used to remediate soils: ...

  • Common Treatment Technologies for Nonhalogenated SVOCs in Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    Common treatment technologies for nonhalogenated SVOCs in soil, sediment, and sludge include biodegradation, incineration, and excavation with off-site disposal. All types of biodegradation, both in situ or ex situ, can be considered to remediate soils: in situ bioremediation, bioventing, composting, controlled solid phase, or landfarming. Slurry phase biological treatment is also applicable but ...

  • Biodegradability of Alternative Oxygenates as a Sole Carbon Source or in the Presence of BTEX

    ABSTRACTThe biodegradability of alkylate compounds in serum bottles was investigated as a sole carbon source or in the presence BTEX. The biomass was acclimated with 2,3-dimethyl pentane (2,3- DMP), 2,4-dimethyl pentane (2,4-DMP) and 2,2,4-trimethyl pentane (2,2,4-TMP) in porous potreactors. The alkylates (2,3-DMP, 2,4-DMP, and 2,2,4-TMP) were completely biodegraded in all the sets of ...

  • Soil Reclamation Through Chemical Oxidation

    Supplying ozone (chemical) oxidation equipment to clean soil and groundwater is Kerfoot Technologies' specialty. In the past, contaminated soil was dug and removed to a disposal location. Present-day engineering relies increasingly on smart in-situ technologies with minimal site disturbance. Chemical oxidation is at the forefront of those technologies. ...

  • Extraction of lead and cadmium from soils by Cysteine and Glutathione

    Received for publication December 17, 2008. Metal-thiol complexes can enhance metal uptake by plant roots and microorganisms, therefore it is important to determine whether thiols effectively solubilize these metals from the soil matrix. Extractions were conducted by combining 1 g contaminated soil and 10 mL of 10 mmol L–1 thiol solution and shaking for 1 h. Both cysteine and glutathione ...

  • Common Treatment Technologies for Halogenated SVOCs in Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    Common treatment technologies for halogenated SVOCs in soil, sediment, and sludge include biodegradation, dehalogenation, incineration, and excavation with off-site disposal. All types of biodegradation, both in situ or ex situ, can be considered to remediate soils: in situ bioremediation, bioventing, composting, controlled solid phase, or landfarming. Slurry phase biological treatment is also ...

  • Water and soil remediation using cryogenic process

    Cryogenic process for surface water and soil remediation is a process that remove contaminants through condensation of chemicals with the used of cryogens depending on the temperature requirements for treatment (see Figures 1 through 3). The cryogens usually have very low temperatures below -180oC with normal boiling points, are as follows: liquid nitrogen (-196oC); liquid helium (-268.93oC); ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Feasibility of calcium peroxide as an oxygen releasing compound in treatment walls

    This research investigates the use of a proprietary formulation of calcium peroxide as an oxygen releasing compound in a treatment wall. Laboratory scale column studies evaluated the release of oxygen and the permeability effects resulting from a mixture of the calcium peroxide and a representative aquifer sand (40-mesh Unimin sand). Influent water was prepared at an average dissolved oxygen ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Remediation of BTEX in Groundwater with LNAPL Using Oxygen Releasing Materials (ORM).

    Abstract: A field scale study was conducted at a former gasoline service station to evaluate the remediation of groundwater contaminated with dissolved benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylenes (BTEX) using oxygen-releasing materials (ORM). The injection of oxygen through ORM slurry was the remedial alternative chosen to enhance the in-situ microbial degradation of the BTEX in groundwater. ...


    By Regenesis

  • Ex Situ Biological Treatment for Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    The main advantage of ex situ treatment is that it generally requires shorter time periods than in situ treatment, and there is more certainty about the uniformity of treatment because of the ability to homogenize, screen, and continuously mix the soil. However, ex situ treatment requires excavation of soils, leading to increased costs and engineering for equipment, possible permitting, and ...

  • Bioremediating Explosives Contaminated Soil

    From the beginning of World War II until the 1970s, the site that is now the Naval Surface Warfare Center in Crane, Indiana (NSWC-Crane) was the home of a major bomb manufacturing operation. Explosive compounds such as TNT, Royal Demolition Explosives (RDX) and Her Majesty’s Explosive (HMX) were handled loose and drifted through air vents. Often, the material settled on the roofs of buildings, ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Study of Natural Bioremediation Projects Using Time-Release Oxygen Compounds.

    ABSTRACT: Enhanced natural bioremediation studies are being conducted on a series of sites throughout the midwest United States. Each site exhibits a unique geologic condition, contaminant concentration, enhancement application, and remediation goal. Based on a review of 14 sites, the usage and effectiveness of enhanced bioremediation has been categorized to provide general guidelines for ...


    By Regenesis

  • The use of biostimulation and bioaugmentation to remove phenanthrene from soil

    Biostimulation and bioaugmentation are commonly employed as technologies to remediate numerous environmental problems. In the last few decades, both technologies have been used to treat polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). This paper presents a brief survey of some bioremediation aspects, with particular reference to phenanthrene removal from soil, since this compound is the main model substrate for ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • In Situ Bioremediation of Soil and Groundwater: A Case Study

    Untitled Document The subject site is located in downtown Denver, Colorado and was formerly operated as a bulk petroleum storage facility. Bulk storage of gasoline, diesel and fuel ...


    By Regenesis

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