soil respiration Articles

  • Soil carbon dynamics and carbon budget of newly reconstructed tall-grass prairies in south central Iowa

    Received for publication February 16, 2009. In addition to their aesthetic and environmental qualities, reconstructed prairies can act as C sinks and potentially offset rising atmospheric CO2 concentration. The objective of this study was to quantify C budget components of newly established prairies on previously cultivated land. Net ecosystem production (NEP) was estimated using a C budgeting ...

  • Iron Oxyhydroxide reduction in simulated wetland soils: Effects of mineralogical composition of Iris paints

    Reducing conditions in soils can be documented by the voltage measured between Pt and reference electrodes (Eh) or by using dyes like ,-dipyridyl for identifying reduced species (such as Fe2+). Indicator of Reduction in Soils (IRIS) tubes have been recently introduced as an alternative approach for documenting reducing conditions in soils, where a synthetic Fe oxyhydroxide painted on polyvinyl ...

  • Microbial community structure and functioning along metal pollution gradients

    Toxic effects of heavy metals on soil microorganisms have been confirmed in a number of laboratory studies. However, most real‐field studies do not allow for strong general conclusions due to a range of problems, such as pseudoreplication and confounding factors, which are almost impossible to control for with the most commonly used polluted‐vs.‐unpolluted or random sampling designs. Effects ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Microbiology: The Key to Wastewater treatment case study

    The biological treatment of wastewater relies mainly on a consortium of heterotrophic and autotrophic bacteria. The fecal bacteria that are constantly introduced into the collection system are not the optimal bacteria for degrading the contaminants present in wastewaters. The soil bacteria that are introduced through inflow and infiltration are more effective at degrading the wastes and can ...

  • Bioventing

    Introduction Bioventing is a promising new technology that stimulates the natural in situ biodegradation of any aerobically degradable compounds in soil by providing oxygen to existing soil microorganisms. In contrast to soil vapor vacuum extraction, bioventing uses low air flow rates to provide only enough oxygen to sustain microbial activity. Oxygen is most commonly supplied through direct air ...

  • Regional Patterns in Carbon Cycling Across the Great Plains of North America

    The large organic carbon (C) pools found in noncultivated grassland soils suggest that historically these ecosystems have had high rates of C sequestration. Changes in the soil C pool over time are a function of alterations in C input and output rates. Across the Great Plains and at individual sites through time, inputs of C (via aboveground production) are correlated with precipitation, however, ...


    By Springer

  • Terrestrial sequestration

    Trees play a key role in the environment's natural landscape due to their ability to prevent erosion. The Spanish Government says it will plant 45 million trees over the next four years to counter desertification caused by global warming. The massive tree–planting scheme aims to reduce the amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere, the cause of global warming. It estimates that in the long ...


    By Erosion Control Forum

  • Risk assessment and brownfields-determining exposure to site contaminants

    The USEPA’s Brownfields Program was developed to facilitate the rehabilitation of contaminated property for re-development. EPA has set forth criteria that must be met for a revitalized property to be used for residential, commercial or industrial purposes. The main thrust of these criteria is the long-term protection of residents or visitors (including shoppers and business employees). As ...

  • Improving bioremediation

    Sustainability is becoming a benchmark for the quality of companies who offer remediation solutions, the technologies that they develop and offer commercially, as well as the entire projects where they are used. It is, in essence, not something that can be simply ignored in the months and years ahead if standards are to continue to improve, says Tom Hayes of Ecologia. The sustainability ...


  • Hired metals analyser ensures remediation success

    Cognition Land and Water Ltd, a UK based remediation specialist, has hired a portable XRF metals analyser to improve the speed of remediation work at a project in London’s Kentish Town. The project had a major impact on local residents so timescales were extremely tight but Cognition’s Charlie Jarvis says “It would not have been possible to meet the deadline without the use of ...


    By Ashtead Technology Ltd

  • Transcriptional responses in Enchytraeus albidus (Oligochaeta): Comparison between cadmium and zinc exposure and linkage to reproduction effects

    Metal ecotoxicity to soil organisms, for example, in enchytraeids (also known as potworms), has been addressed mainly by assessing effects on survival and reproduction, but very little is known about the underlying molecular mechanisms of responses. The main purpose of the present study was to assess and compare the transcriptional responses of Enchytraeus albidus to an essential (Zn) and a ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • The advantages and benefits of aerobic cometabolism

    Aerobic metabolism yields the energy-transferring molecule TPA at a much higher rate than anaerobic metabolism. The higher energy yield produces a greater viable population. The oxygenase enzymes involved in the cometabolism of chlorinated solvents are not induced by the presence of contaminants, so a high microbial population has a proportionately high yield of oxygenase enzymes. Aerobic ...


    By CL Solutions, LLC

  • Ecology of Sulfate-reducing bacteria in an Iron-dominated, mining-impacted freshwater sediment

    Received for publication October 31, 2007. A legacy of lead and silver mining in its headwaters left Lake Coeur d'Alene, Idaho with a sediment body that is highly reduced and contains up to 100 g kg–1 iron and a smaller fraction of chemically active sulfide phases. The dynamic character of these sulfides and their importance for the sequestering of contaminating trace elements prompted this study ...

  • WSSA Pesticide Stewardship Series: Always Be Diligent Concerning Personal Protective Equipment

    This month pesticide safety educators, health professionals and other experts from around the U.S. will explore how to motivate pesticide handlers to use best practices concerning personal protective equipment (PPE). The discussion is part of a Pesticide PPE Seminar Series sponsored by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). PPE includes apparel and devices worn to ...


  • Increased demand for XRF analyser hire

    Steve Drake, NDT Market Manager at Ashtead Technology believes that XRF is one of the most important technologies in the company’s fleet of NDT and environmental testing instruments. “With a small amount of training, almost anyone can implement detailed inspections in a wide variety of applications, and with most instruments being lightweight and robust, XRF analysers are among the ...


    By Ashtead Technology Ltd

  • Bioremediation of an Oil Spill

    Bioremediation is the method of choice to effectively clean up a small spill of hydrocarbons. In this case, five-hundred liters of BTEX has spilled from an above ground storage tank into a pasture that is located at the west edge of the Royal Roads University (RRU) grounds. The soil is classified as a Gleyed Eutric Brunisol based on recent laboratory analysis; it contains clay, but is fairly ...


  • Effect of high solids concentration on hydrodynamics and mass transfer of a three-phase airlift reactor for marine sediment bioremediation

    The more restrictive limits for environmental pollution control imposed nowadays require the development of new biological technologies. Multiphase reactors including slurry reactors have become reactors of choice for chemical and biochemical applications. In the present work, three-phase airlift reactors are proposed as an alternative to mechanically stirred systems and slurry bubble columns for ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • The In Situ Bioremediation/Groundwater Remediation Process

    In-situ groundwater bioremediation is a technology that encourages growth and reproduction of indigenous microorganisms to enhance biodegradation of organic constituents in the saturated zone. In-situ groundwater bioremediation can effectively degrade organic constituents which are dissolved in groundwater and adsorbed onto the aquifer matrix. The Adventus In Situ Bioremediation/Groundwater ...


  • Dust monitoring

    Generally, two different approaches are used to measure the amount of dust deposited on a surface; Determination of the soiling of a surface, by a change in its properties; Determination of the quantity of dust deposited, by weight. WHAT IS DUST? Dust is a generic term used to describe fine particles that are suspended in the atmosphere. Dust comes from a wide variety of sources, including soil, ...


    By Queensland Laboratory

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