soil respiration measurement Articles

  • Laboratory test system to measure microbial respiration rate

    This study reports a sensible, accurate and economic method for continuous measuring microbial respiration. The measuring principle is an open system, with a continuous air-flow through. Evolved CO2 is absorbed and precipitated as carbonate by a Ba(OH)2 solution, causing a stoichiometrical decrease in ionic strength of the solution and in electrical conductivity. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Comparison of the performance of statistical models that predict soil respiration from forests

    Soil respiration (Rs) is an important source of CO2 to the atmosphere, yet understanding the processes controlling the combined autotrophic and heterotrophic components has proven challenging. Numerous statistical models have been developed to explain Rs as a function of physical and chemical conditions, but there has been little effort to systematically evaluate and compare the performance of ...

  • Lichens show that fungi can acclimate their respiration to seasonal changes in temperature

    Five species of lichens, the majority members of a soil-crust community (Cladonia convoluta, Diploschistes muscorum, Fulgensia fulgens, Lecanora muralis, Squamarina lentigera) showed seasonal changes of temperature sensitivity of their dark respiration (DR) to such an extent that several substantially met the definition of full acclimation, i.e. near identical DR under different nocturnal ...


    By Springer

  • Measurement of soil CO2 efflux under experimental warming in Northern Mongolia

    Some of the most extreme temperature increases associated with global climate change are expected to occur in northern Mongolia, and increases in both temperature and the length of the growing season are already apparent (Nandintsetseg and Goulden 2003). The ecology around Lake Hövsgöl in northern Mongolia is of special interest because taiga forest and steppe grasslands come together ...


    By PP Systems

  • Effects of heavy metal pollution on the soil microbial activity

    The effects of heavy metals on soil microbial processes were investigated over a period of six weeks. Analytical grade (Sigma) sulphate salts of copper, zinc and nickel were added individually and in combinations to soil samples and incubated in different plastic pots. Samples were taken from the pots forthnightly and the rates of microbial carbon and nitrogen mineralization, microbial biomass ...

  • Influence of liquid manure on soil denitrifier abundance, denitrification, and nitrous oxide emissions

    The influence of liquid dairy and swine manure, soil water-extractable C (WEC) and glucose on the amount of denitrification, the N2O molar ratio [N2O/(N2O + N2)], and the abundance of soil denitrifiers was investigated using repacked soil cores. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction was used to measure the abundance of the total bacteria (16S rRNA gene), two denitrifier guilds bearing the cnorB ...

  • The Role of Soil Moisture on our Climate, Weather and Global Warming

    Global warming is a topic that has received much attention in the media, especially during the hot days of summer. The process by which carbon dioxide (CO 2) in the atmosphere prevents the escape of thermal energy into outer space is known as the green house effect. The higher the carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere the less thermal energy that can escape thus an increasing global ...

  • Iron Oxyhydroxide reduction in simulated wetland soils: Effects of mineralogical composition of Iris paints

    Reducing conditions in soils can be documented by the voltage measured between Pt and reference electrodes (Eh) or by using dyes like ,-dipyridyl for identifying reduced species (such as Fe2+). Indicator of Reduction in Soils (IRIS) tubes have been recently introduced as an alternative approach for documenting reducing conditions in soils, where a synthetic Fe oxyhydroxide painted on polyvinyl ...

  • Microbial community structure and functioning along metal pollution gradients

    Toxic effects of heavy metals on soil microorganisms have been confirmed in a number of laboratory studies. However, most real‐field studies do not allow for strong general conclusions due to a range of problems, such as pseudoreplication and confounding factors, which are almost impossible to control for with the most commonly used polluted‐vs.‐unpolluted or random sampling designs. Effects ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Bioventing

    Introduction Bioventing is a promising new technology that stimulates the natural in situ biodegradation of any aerobically degradable compounds in soil by providing oxygen to existing soil microorganisms. In contrast to soil vapor vacuum extraction, bioventing uses low air flow rates to provide only enough oxygen to sustain microbial activity. Oxygen is most commonly supplied through direct air ...

  • Regional Patterns in Carbon Cycling Across the Great Plains of North America

    The large organic carbon (C) pools found in noncultivated grassland soils suggest that historically these ecosystems have had high rates of C sequestration. Changes in the soil C pool over time are a function of alterations in C input and output rates. Across the Great Plains and at individual sites through time, inputs of C (via aboveground production) are correlated with precipitation, however, ...


    By Springer

  • Improving bioremediation

    Sustainability is becoming a benchmark for the quality of companies who offer remediation solutions, the technologies that they develop and offer commercially, as well as the entire projects where they are used. It is, in essence, not something that can be simply ignored in the months and years ahead if standards are to continue to improve, says Tom Hayes of Ecologia. The sustainability ...


  • Hired metals analyser ensures remediation success

    Cognition Land and Water Ltd, a UK based remediation specialist, has hired a portable XRF metals analyser to improve the speed of remediation work at a project in London’s Kentish Town. The project had a major impact on local residents so timescales were extremely tight but Cognition’s Charlie Jarvis says “It would not have been possible to meet the deadline without the use of ...


    By Ashtead Technology Ltd

  • Increased demand for XRF analyser hire

    Steve Drake, NDT Market Manager at Ashtead Technology believes that XRF is one of the most important technologies in the company’s fleet of NDT and environmental testing instruments. “With a small amount of training, almost anyone can implement detailed inspections in a wide variety of applications, and with most instruments being lightweight and robust, XRF analysers are among the ...


    By Ashtead Technology Ltd

  • Bioremediation of an Oil Spill

    Bioremediation is the method of choice to effectively clean up a small spill of hydrocarbons. In this case, five-hundred liters of BTEX has spilled from an above ground storage tank into a pasture that is located at the west edge of the Royal Roads University (RRU) grounds. The soil is classified as a Gleyed Eutric Brunisol based on recent laboratory analysis; it contains clay, but is fairly ...


  • Dust monitoring

    Generally, two different approaches are used to measure the amount of dust deposited on a surface; Determination of the soiling of a surface, by a change in its properties; Determination of the quantity of dust deposited, by weight. WHAT IS DUST? Dust is a generic term used to describe fine particles that are suspended in the atmosphere. Dust comes from a wide variety of sources, including soil, ...


    By Queensland Laboratory

  • The In Situ Bioremediation/Groundwater Remediation Process

    In-situ groundwater bioremediation is a technology that encourages growth and reproduction of indigenous microorganisms to enhance biodegradation of organic constituents in the saturated zone. In-situ groundwater bioremediation can effectively degrade organic constituents which are dissolved in groundwater and adsorbed onto the aquifer matrix. The Adventus In Situ Bioremediation/Groundwater ...


  • Combining HVME and Enhanced Bioremdiation for Gasoline Contamination in Groundwater.

    ABSTRACT A leaking underground storage tank at a commercial petroleum retail site located in Haskell, Texas resulted in soil and groundwater petroleum hydrocarbon contamination. This contamination, including benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and total xylenes (BTEX) and total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH) migrated down-gradient below a road and neighboring property. Access below the adjacent roadway ...


    By REGENESIS

  • Mercury Spill Control Procedures

    Mercury is a dangerous neurotoxin that can have damaging affects on both the central nervous system and renal system of humans. Exposure to mercury can cause serious developmental delays in children, and high level exposure is life threatening. When exposed to air, mercury vaporizes, readily becoming a dangerous aerosol that can be absorbed into the lungs and spread throughout the body. This is ...


  • Mercury spill control procedures - industrial hygiene news

    Mercury is a known neurotoxin that is extremely toxic even in small amounts. It directly affects the central nervous and renal systems, causing developmental delays, motor and brain problems like those associated with autism. Mercury’s hidden danger also lies in when at room temperature, when exposed it vaporizes readily. Once it has become an aerosol, it is absorbed into the lungs and ...


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