soil screening Articles

  • Screens

    WHEN it comes to selling compost, the markets can drive equipment purchase decisions. This was the case for the Lehigh County, Pennsylvania yard trimmings composting operation, which produced 14,000 cubic yards of compost in 2007. “We are doing a lot of work with a soil amendment company that makes products for golf courses,” says Tim Bollinger, Composting Operations Manager for the Lehigh County ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Recommendations to improve wildlife exposure estimation for development of soil screening and cleanup values

    An integral component in the development of media‐specific values for the ecological risk assessment of chemicals is the derivation of safe levels of exposure for wildlife. Though the derivation and subsequent application of these values can be used for screening purposes, there is a need to identify the threshold for effects when making remedial decisions during site‐specific assessments. ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Automated screening of explosives in soil samples by online SFE-SFC-MS

    There are a large number of explosives-contaminated sites in the US, Europe, and Asia. High levels of explosives in soil can threaten the health of humans, livestock, and wildlife. A number of remediation efforts are underway, which require the analysis of explosives in soil samples. Recently, a new technique was introduced that allows the automated supercritical fluid extraction and SFC ...

  • Validation of a New Method for Screening Soil and Water for TCE Contamination

    INTRODUCTION ASTM Method D 7203-06, Standard Test Method for Screening Trichloroethylene (TCE)-Contaminated Media Using a Heated Diode Sensor, (ASTM 2006) can be used to screen a sample of soil or water known to contain the halogenated volatile organic compound (HVOC) TCE. The method calls for measuring the TCE concentration in the headspace above the sample using a heated diode sensor ...

  • Are your field soil screening procedures providing you with practical and accurate information?

    Untitled Document Environmental consulting activities frequently require that on-the-spot decisions be made in the field concerning the ...


    By Enviro-Equipment, Inc.

  • Bioremediation of soil

    In our experience, Bioremediation is best accomplished with Bio-augmentation, the addition of large numbers of selected micro-organisms grown in the production laboratory. In addition to bio-augmentation, several physical and chemical parameters must be controlled in order to obtain optimal growth and maximum degradation of soil contaminants. The major factors that are controlled during ...

  • Sensitivity of Ecological Soil screening levels for metals to exposure model parameterization and toxicity reference values

    Ecological soil‐screening levels (Eco‐SSLs) were developed by the USEPA (United States Environmental Protection Agency) for purposes of setting conservative soil screening values that can be used to eliminate the need for further ecological assessment for specific analytes at a given site. Eco‐SSLs for wildlife represent a simplified dietary exposure model solved in terms of soil ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Derivation Methods of Soil Screening Values in Europe. A Review and Evaluation of National Procedures towards Harmonisation

    Problem definition Soil Screening Values (SVs) are generic quality standards that are used to regulate land contamination. Soil SVs adopted in European countries are widely variable in multiple aspects. The use of SVs varies from setting long term quality objectives, via triggering further investigations, to enforcing remedial actions. Derivation methods of SVs have scientific and political ...


  • Soil & water remediation - Burntisland

    Caustic Soda Soil & Water Remediation & Demolition Works Client: Alcan Chemicals Ltd. Consultant; RPS Plc Challenge: Address contamination including elevated pH levels up to 14 pH arising from the use of caustic soda within the site processes for producing allumina, hydrocarbon contaminated material from ...


    By Soilutions Ltd

  • Bioremediating Explosives Contaminated Soil

    From the beginning of World War II until the 1970s, the site that is now the Naval Surface Warfare Center in Crane, Indiana (NSWC-Crane) was the home of a major bomb manufacturing operation. Explosive compounds such as TNT, Royal Demolition Explosives (RDX) and Her Majesty’s Explosive (HMX) were handled loose and drifted through air vents. Often, the material settled on the roofs of buildings, ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Soil Vapor Extraction (In Situ)

    Introduction Soil vapor extraction (SVE) is an in situ unsaturated (vadose) zone soil remediation technology in which a vacuum is applied to the soil to induce the controlled flow of air and remove volatile and some semivolatile contaminants from the soil. The gas leaving the soil may be treated to recover or destroy the contaminants, depending on local and state air discharge regulations. ...

  • Chromium detection in water and soil...

    What is chromium? Chromium is a metal that is widely distributed in the earth’s crust (soil and rocks), air and water. Naturally occurring chromium occurs mainly in the chromium (III) form as chromite ore, which contains oxygen, chromium (III) and other metals such as iron. Chromium (VI) compounds are produced commercially from chromite ore for a wide variety of uses. ...


    By Camlab Limited

  • Screening of a new cadmium hyperaccumulator Galinsoga parviflora from winter farmland weeds using the artificially‐high soil cadmium concentration method

    A new method, the artificially‐high soil cadmium (Cd) concentration method, was used to screen for Cd hyperaccumulators among winter farmland weeds. Galinsoga parviflora was the most promising remedial plant among five Cd accumulators or hyperaccumulators. In Cd concentration gradient experiments, as soil Cd concentration increased, root and shoot biomass decreased and their Cd contents ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Soil Attenuation Model for Derivation of Risk-Based Soil Remediation Standards

    Untitled Document Overview of Soil Attenuation Model (SAM) Under a risk-based corrective action (RBCA) process, soils and groundwater impacted by a chemical release are ...


  • New Field Test for Lead (Pb2+) in Soil

    Field tests for the detection of lead in soil are not frequently accepted, since the tests are rather cumbersome or not reliable for screening determinations. Recently, we developed the LEADQuick field test kit for the detection of lead in water with 3 #22;g/L sensitivity. This test is further modifiedto detect lead in soil with a sensitivity 0.03 #22;g. We developed an extraction protocol using ...

  • Bioremediation of hydrocarbon impacted soils - Marchbanks, Dundee

    Client: Dundee City Council Objective: Bioremediation of hydrocarbon contaminated soils to achieve compliance with the Waste Acceptance Criteria (WAC) for Mineral Oil (C10 – C40); with the intention of re-using the soils to Riverside Recycling Centre to be used as a capping layer. Challenge: Approximately 2,800 m3 of hydrocarbon ...


    By Soilutions Ltd

  • Case study - EPH in soil with No. 6 fuel oil

    No. 6 fuel oils (heavy fuel oil, bunker C oil) is often used in industry for heat, steam or power generation. A consultant used Sitelab to investigate two different spill sites contaminated with subsurface plumes of NAPL resulting from leaking underground storage tanks (USTs). Soils were collected from borings using a drill rig and field screened for their EPH aromatic content. Split samples ...


    By Sitelab Corporation

  • Field Screening Methods for the Presence of DNAPL, Superfund Site, southern California

    Characterizing the lateral and vertical extent at a Dense Non Aqueous Phase Liquid (DNAPL) impacted site can prove to be a challenging task. Field methods employed to verify the presence of DNAPL have included the use of down-hole Ultraviolet Induced Florescence technologies, the application of down-hole detection materials such as dye impregnated fabrics, and the installation of monitor wells ...


    By Hargis + Associates Inc

  • Soil Attenuation Model (SAM) Technical Background Document

    Under a risk-based corrective action (RBCA) process, soils and groundwater impacted by a chemical release are to be remediated or controlled to concentration levels such that further migration will not expose human or environmental receptors to unsafe levels of hazardous constituents. For this purpose, site-specific target levels (SSTLs) must be established for the affected soil mass such that ...


  • Common Treatment Technologies for Inorganics in Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    The most commonly used treatment technologies for inorganics in soil, sediment, and sludge include solidification/stabilization (S/S), excavation and off-site disposal, and acid extraction. These treatment technologies are described briefly below. Solidification processes produce monolithic blocks of waste with high structural integrity. The contaminants do not necessarily interact chemically ...

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