soil sensor Articles

  • Alkaline soil, sensible sensor

    Field sensor quickly, accurately identifies soil issues Producers sometimes face challenges that go deep into the soil. They need answers to help the soil, on site. A portable field sensor can accurately measure minerals in soils more easily and efficiently than existing methods. And a research team, including a middle school student and her scientist father, can confirm ...

  • Calibration of Thermal Conductivity Sensors for Measuring Soil Suction

    The accuracy of suction measurements using thermal conductivity sensors is dependent upon their calibration. Therefore, a calibration study was undertaken by using a modified, commercially available, pressure plate extractor. The experimental setup along with the calibration procedure are described. Typical calibration results are presented. In general, results showed reasonable agreement between ...


    By ASTM International

  • Wireless Real-Time Soil Data from Stevens Hydra Probe Soil Sensors Used In Contaminated Soil Cleanup Operation

    Up until the early 1970s when The US Congress passed The Clean Water Act, industrial chemicals and petroleum products were routinely dumped onto the ground or poured down wells. In those days, few people understood groundwater hydrology, and disposing of chemical waste underground seemed like a safe and easy solution. Depending on the chemistry, underground pollution can linger for centuries, ...

  • Stevens Hydra Probe Soil Sensors Deployed in Florida Swamp for Restoration Study

    Coastal wetlands provide a large number of critical functions that benefit the surrounding ecosystems and the neighboring human population centers. Coastal flood plains and wetlands help prevent the flooding and destruction of coastal communities by storm surges, acting as a natural buffer to protect communities near the coast. The bald cypress (Taxodium distichum) is one of the dominant tree ...

  • Sampling moisture in the soil profile

    Patterns of water replenishment and use give rise to large spatial variations in soil moisture over the depth of the soil profile. Accurate measurements of profile water content are therefore the basis of any water budget study. When monitored accurately, profile measurements show the rates of water use, amounts of deep percolation, and amounts of water stored for plant use.Experimental ...


    By METER Group, Inc.

  • Soil geomorphology and identification

    When working with or studying the soil, it’s important to know what type of soil is being examined. Each type of soil has different characteristics, and will have different effects on water infiltration rates, water holding capacity, Evapotranspiration rate, and other soil characteristics.Soil sensors (also known as soil probes) are one popular way of measuring soil moisture, temperature level, ...

  • Performance of solid-state sensors for continuous, real-time measurement of soil CO2 concentrations

    Recent advances in sensor technology provide a robust capability for continuous measurement of soil gases. The performance of solid-state CO2 sensors (Model GMM220 series, Vaisala, Inc., Helsinki, Finland) was evaluated in laboratory, greenhouse, and irrigated winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). In ambient CO2 concentration, the GMM222 sensor averaged 427 ± 8.3 µL L–1. Under variable CO2 ...

  • Using the HydraProbe Soil Sensor for Determination of Flood Risk in the New York State Mesonet

    New York's Mesonet uses the HydraProbe and other meteorological sensors to help forecast flood hazards and climate. In January 2014, the Department of Homeland Security established the New York State Early Warning Weather Detection System. The centerpiece of the system is the New York State Mesonet, a network of 125 weather stations across the state, with at ...

  • Calibration of a capacitance soil sensor is required to achieve the level of accuracy required for satellite ground truthing

    Why not make it easy with a non-capacitance based soil sensor like the HydraProbe? This study published in American Meteorological Society's BAMS journal demonstrates the extent of variability in readings one can expect with a soil moisture sensor based on capacitance technology.  To ...

  • PetroSense hydrocarbon sensors and their applications

    The increasing concern about hydrocarbon contamination of process water and produced water has created an increasing need for in-situ, real time, and accurate low cost instrumentation that can provide rapid detection and easily usable in the field. PetroSense sensors [1,2] represents “best in breed” technology for the detection of total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH). PetroSense sensors ...


    By PetroSense, Inc

  • Environmental Sensors in Waste Management

    Issue: As part of an increasing sentiment among European consumers that environmental protection is important, concern about the impact of landfill is growing. Sensor technology makes it possible to measure and control inputs to landfill sites and pollutants arising from them. However, the exploitation - or uptake - of such technology has been lower than expected in the waste management sector. ...


  • Remote sensing of soil degradation: Introduction

    In the 21st century, mapping and monitoring the occurrence of soil degradation will be an important component of successful land management. Remote sensing, with its unique ability to measure across space and time, will be an increasingly indispensible tool for assessing degradation. However, much of the recent experience and progress in using remote sensing and other geospatial technologies to ...

  • Development of a Transparent Material to Model the Geotechnical Properties of Soils

    Measurement of three-dimensional deformation patterns and flow characteristics within a soil continuum are usually limited by the fact that soil sensors do not provide a continuous image of the measured continuum. Additionally, soil sensors exhibit static and dynamic characteristics that are different from those of the surrounding soils and therefore can change the response of the measured ...


    By ASTM International

  • Using Electromagnetic induction to characterize soils - Case Study

    Electrical conductivity measurements have been used for years to determine salinity and moisture in soils. Probes were inserted directly into the soil to determine how well the soil conducted an applied current. This process was slow and labor-intensive and was usually reserved for scientific studies. A more recent technique for measuring conductivity is electromagnetic induction (EM), a ...


    By Geonics Limited

  • Numerical Modeling of a Thermal Conductivity Matric Suction Sensor

    Thermal conductivity matric suction sensors appear to be a promising device for the measurement of suction in soil. The technique indirectly measures matric suction by measuring the thermal conductivity of a ceramic block. This paper uses both a spherical and a cylindrical porous medium to simulate the heat flow in a thermal conductivity matric suction sensor. It is found that, although the ...


    By ASTM International

  • Should Your Sensor Have A Connector Or Pin Terminals?

    When it comes to measuring the activity of your project, it’s nice to have options. High precision sensors can offer plenty of selections from the range of your measurements to the output of your readings, but a sensor is only as good at its connection. Connectors and pin terminals are common and dependable connections that relay your readings from within the sensor to the screen in front ...


    By Jewell Instruments LLC

  • Validation of a New Method for Screening Soil and Water for TCE Contamination

    INTRODUCTION ASTM Method D 7203-06, Standard Test Method for Screening Trichloroethylene (TCE)-Contaminated Media Using a Heated Diode Sensor, (ASTM 2006) can be used to screen a sample of soil or water known to contain the halogenated volatile organic compound (HVOC) TCE. The method calls for measuring the TCE concentration in the headspace above the sample using a heated diode sensor ...

  • The Dielectric response of the tropical hawaiian mars soil simulant JSC mars-1

    The observation of low dielectric values <2, consistent with the bright areas of the surface of Mars, is completely counter to expectation for soils dominated by mafic minerals, especially Fe minerals and pyroxenes that tend to have dielectric values two to three times higher than quartz, which has a value of 4.7. To this day, this observation has not been explained. The recent success of the ...

  • The Thermal Probe—Measurement of the Thermal Conductivity and Drying Rate of Soil in the Field

    The thermal probe is a metal rod with an internal heating element and temperature sensor. In the field it is pushed into a predrilled hole in otherwise undisturbed soil, and the thermal properties of the soil are estimated from the temperatures recorded at intervals after a constant power is supplied to the heating element. The following are discussed in this paper: the theory behind the methods ...


    By ASTM International

  • Remote sensing and geographic information system for appraisal of salt-affected soils in India

    Received for publication January 23, 2009. Quantification of the nature, extent, and spatial distribution of salt-affected soils (SAS) for India and the world is essential for planning and implementing reclamation programs in a timely and cost-effective manner for sustained crop production. The national extent of SAS for India over the last four decades was assessed by conventional and remote ...

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