soil temperature measurement Articles

  • Temperature Dependence of Soil Water Potential

    To understand the process of coupled heat and water transport, the relationship between temperature and soil water potential must be known. Two clays, Avonlea bentonite and Lake Agassiz clay, are being considered as the clay-based sealing materials for the Canadian nuclear fuel waste disposal vault. Avonlea bentonite is distinguished from Lake Agassiz clay by its high sealing potential in water. ...


    By ASTM International

  • 100 Simple Ways To Save Water

    To improve water conservation install a rain sensor, it turns off your irrigation when it rains. Use a weather-based controller. The use of smart controllers can reduce water usage 24% a year on average. Learn about available rebate programs ...


    By Jain Irrigation, Inc

  • ´More Stations. More Data. Better Forecasts.´ – the NYS Mesonet

    “More Stations. More Data. Better Forecasts.” – that’s the slogan of New York State Mesonet. The weather observation network consists of a total of 125 weather stations all over the state of New York and Lufft was selected as one of the vendors to support them in capturing the data. All 125 of the weathers stations have the standard instrumentation suite. Of those 125, 17 ...

  • Measurement of soil CO2 efflux under experimental warming in Northern Mongolia

    Some of the most extreme temperature increases associated with global climate change are expected to occur in northern Mongolia, and increases in both temperature and the length of the growing season are already apparent (Nandintsetseg and Goulden 2003). The ecology around Lake Hövsgöl in northern Mongolia is of special interest because taiga forest and steppe grasslands come together ...


    By PP Systems

  • The Thermal Probe—Measurement of the Thermal Conductivity and Drying Rate of Soil in the Field

    The thermal probe is a metal rod with an internal heating element and temperature sensor. In the field it is pushed into a predrilled hole in otherwise undisturbed soil, and the thermal properties of the soil are estimated from the temperatures recorded at intervals after a constant power is supplied to the heating element. The following are discussed in this paper: the theory behind the methods ...


    By ASTM International

  • Monitoring of soil fertility

    Background In agriculture and forestry soil fertility is a decisive factor for the economic use of fields and forests. Various factors, considered as a whole are the indicators which characterize the soil fertility. Important parameters are e.g.: Intensity of precipitation, air temperature, air humidity, soil humidity, suction power and soil temperature in various depths. ...

  • Dissolved oxygen measurements in aquatic environments: The effects of changing temperature and pressure on three sensor technologies

    Dissolved oxygen (DO) is probably the most important parameter related to water quality and biological habitat in aquatic environments. In situ DO sensors are some of the most valuable tools used by scientists and engineers for the evaluation of water quality in aquatic ecosystems. Presently, we cannot accurately measure DO concentrations under variable temperature and pressure conditions. ...

  • Soil geomorphology and identification

    When working with or studying the soil, it’s important to know what type of soil is being examined. Each type of soil has different characteristics, and will have different effects on water infiltration rates, water holding capacity, Evapotranspiration rate, and other soil characteristics.Soil sensors (also known as soil probes) are one popular way of measuring soil moisture, temperature level, ...

  • Detection of carbofuran in soil

    MATRIX: Soil ANALYTE: Carbofuran RANGE OF DETECTION: 10 to 500 ppb MATERIALS: Carbofuran RaPID AssayÒ kit and Sample Diluent. Reagents: methanol (pesticide grade), distilled or deionized water. Equipment: reciprocating shaker, plastic bottles (polypropylene or high density polyethylene, 50 or 60 mL) with ...


  • Bioremediating Explosives Contaminated Soil

    From the beginning of World War II until the 1970s, the site that is now the Naval Surface Warfare Center in Crane, Indiana (NSWC-Crane) was the home of a major bomb manufacturing operation. Explosive compounds such as TNT, Royal Demolition Explosives (RDX) and Her Majesty’s Explosive (HMX) were handled loose and drifted through air vents. Often, the material settled on the roofs of buildings, ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Detection of carbaryl in soil

    MATRIX: Soil ANALYTE: Carbaryl RANGE OF DETECTION: 40 to 500 ppb MATERIALS: SDI Carbaryl RaPID AssayÒ kit and Sample Diluent. SDI RaPID PrepÔ Soil Collection Kit (optional). SDI RaPID PrepÔ Extraction Kit: Type II (extraction solution, optional) Reagents: Methanol (pesticide grade), distilled or ...


  • Natural Attenuation in Soils

    Introduction Surface and subsurface soils have different characteristics in natural attenuation. Mobile contaminants in subsurface soils diffuse into soil vapor and aqueous phase and thus are relatively easily subject to natural subsurface processes that can attenuate these contaminants. Most high-molecular-weight (persistent) organic and many inorganic contaminants will be immobilized in the ...

  • Air Volume Change Measurement in Unsaturated Soil Testing Using a Digital Pressure-Volume Controller

    One of the challenges associated with the testing of unsaturated soils is the measurement of air volume change induced by stress changes. This paper reports the results of an evaluation of a digital pressure-volume controller as an air volume change indicator. Effects of temperature, confined volume, and precompression of the measurement medium on the p-V characteristics and the device response ...


    By ASTM International

  • Soil CO2 Flux Measurements -- Addressing Spatial Variability: Determining the Number of Readings Required

    Soils can be highly variable in terms of CO2 flux values. Even at a seemingly uniform site, the soil CO2 flux might range from 2 μmol/m2/s at one location to over 4 mol/m2/s just a few meters away. To obtain reliable site mean flux values, it is important to determine how many readings might be required so that time and resources can be properly allocated before starting an investigation. In ...


    By LI-COR

  • Mercury free solutions for autoclave temperature monitoring

    Mercury is a naturally occurring element found in the air, water and soil however exposure to the substance, even in small amounts, can lead to severe health and ecosystem issues. Mercury in products can find it’s way into the environment in all sorts of ways such as manufacturing, spills, recycling and disposal. Due to the health risks posed products such ...


    By Camlab Limited

  • Properties and Behavior of Inorganics in Contaminated Soil

    Often, specific technologies may be ruled out, or the list of potential technologies may be immediately narrowed, on the basis of the presence or absence of one or more of the chemical groups. The relative amounts of each may tend to favor certain technologies. Metals may be found in the elemental form, but more often they are found as salts mixed in the soil. At the present time, treatment ...

  • Why high temperature combustion of landfill gas?

    Due to the accumulation of knowledge and the tightening of environmental law, the landfill technology has increasingly become concerned with the management of trace compounds in landfill gas. With landfill gas, contamination is through sulphur, chlorine, fluorine, halogenated hydrocarbons and heavy metals. Other trace elements such as volatile organic compounds (VOC), impose environmental ...


    By Hofstetter BV

  • Procedure for Determining the Segregation Potential of Freezing Soils

    Basic frost heave data obtained from various types of laboratory freezing tests, using computerized ramp temperature generation and temperature control at both warm and cold ends of a soil specimen, are analyzed to determine the segregation potential. Automatic volume change measurements provide fair values of cumulative water intake, but not accurate water intake rates. A method based on ...


    By ASTM International

  • Laboratory test system to measure microbial respiration rate

    This study reports a sensible, accurate and economic method for continuous measuring microbial respiration. The measuring principle is an open system, with a continuous air-flow through. Evolved CO2 is absorbed and precipitated as carbonate by a Ba(OH)2 solution, causing a stoichiometrical decrease in ionic strength of the solution and in electrical conductivity. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Managing bioremediation of a creosote-contaminated superfund site by optimizing moisture and temperature in a biopile

    Soil moisture content and temperature in a contaminated soil biopile equipped with immobilized microbe bioreactors (IMBRs) were optimized during ex situ bioremediation at a creosotecontaminated Superfund site. Efficiency of remediation during warm summer months without soil-temperature and moisture optimization was compared with that of cold winter months when corrective measures were applied. ...


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