soil testing system Articles

  • 100 Simple Ways To Save Water

    To improve water conservation install a rain sensor, it turns off your irrigation when it rains. Use a weather-based controller. The use of smart controllers can reduce water usage 24% a year on average. Learn about available rebate programs ...


    By Jain Irrigation, Inc

  • A Servo System for Hollow Cylinder Testing of Soils

    A fully digitized servo-control system, coupled with the automatic data acquisition facility, has been developed for a hollow cylinder apparatus (HCA). The closed-loop servo-control is based on a computer through which four individual stresses acting on the hollow cylindrical specimen can be independently changed using pneumatic regulators driven by stepper motors. The range of tests that can be ...


    By ASTM International

  • A Multiple Purpose Soil Testing Apparatus

    A relatively compact soil testing system that is capable of performing monotonic/cyclic triaxial and torsional simple shear tests has been developed. A high-torque direct-drive, servo/stepper motor is used to provide the driving force. Under the servo mode, the motor could be controlled to provide a constant torque, which is used in stress-controlled tests. Strain-controlled tests are conducted ...


    By ASTM International

  • Cubical Triaxial Apparatus for Soil Testing

    Three different principal stresses can be applied in fixed directions to a cubical specimen in this apparatus. The requirements and the construction and operation principles for the cubical triaxial apparatus are presented. The loading system and the deformation measurement principles are described, and procedures for preparing sand and clay specimens are presented. The advantages and limitations ...


    By ASTM International

  • Spatial variability of the Illinois soil nitrogen test: Implications for sampling in a turfgrass system

    Nitrogen fertilization of turfgrass continues to be scrutinized due to environmental concerns. Practices that reduce fertilizer inputs without sacrificing turfgrass quality are needed, but a reliable test of N status in turfgrass is not currently available. The Illinois soil N test has been developed to predict crop response to applied N by measuring the amount of amino sugar N in the soil. Amino ...

  • Dynamic Centrifuge Testing of Soil-Nailed Excavations

    A series of dynamic centrifuge tests was conducted on models of soil-nailed excavations. The models were subjected to various levels of horizontal shaking to investigate the seismic stability of their prototypes. The scaling factor was 50 in all tests, the depth of the prototype excavation was H = 7.6 m, and the length of nails in each test varied between 0.33 H and 1 H. The tests revealed the ...


    By ASTM International

  • A Cyclic Undrained Simple Shear Testing Method for Soils

    An undrained simple shear testing method for soils using a torsional shear apparatus is described, in which a hollow cylindrical specimen is sheared under plane strain conditions without deforming and rotating all horizontal planes. In this testing method, the simple shear deformation mode is achieved only by several mechanical means without using an automated pressure control system. Typical ...


    By ASTM International

  • New Field Test for Lead (Pb2+) in Soil

    Field tests for the detection of lead in soil are not frequently accepted, since the tests are rather cumbersome or not reliable for screening determinations. Recently, we developed the LEADQuick field test kit for the detection of lead in water with 3 #22;g/L sensitivity. This test is further modifiedto detect lead in soil with a sensitivity 0.03 #22;g. We developed an extraction protocol using ...

  • Soil Fracturing

    Introduction Fracturing is an enhancement technology designed to increase the efficiency of other in situ technologies in difficult soil conditions. The fracturing extends and enlarges existing fissures and introduces new fractures, primarily in the horizontal direction. When fracturing has been completed, the formation is then subjected to vapor extraction, either by applying a vacuum to all ...

  • Soil Flushing

    Introduction In situ soil flushing is the extraction of contaminants from the soil with water or other suitable aqueous solutions. Soil flushing is accomplished by passing the extraction fluid through in-place soils using an injection or infiltration process. Extraction fluids must be recovered from the underlying aquifer and, when possible, they are recycled. Cosolvent Enhancement Cosolvent ...

  • Automatic Volume Change and Pressure Measurement Devices for Triaxial Testing of Soils

    Desirable requirements for volume capacity and precision of volume change devices for triaxial testing are studied, and operational requirements for devices suitable for automatic datalogging are reviewed. Two devices that fulfill these requirements have been constructed by the writer by combining existing design principles. One device consists of a buret system with differential pressure ...


    By ASTM International

  • Simplification of Soil Classification Charts Derived from the Cone Penetration Test

    This paper presents a semi-empirical approach to simplify existing CPT and PCPT soil classification charts. This approach is based on two tendencies in current charts, namely soil type and in situ soil state. These charts may be simplified into one-dimensional soil classification systems by linear conformal mapping. Accordingly, several charts are simplified, and a comparison to in situ testing ...


    By ASTM International

  • Testing a grid-based soil erosion model across topographically complex landscapes

    This study was conducted to evaluate the overall performance of the Precision Agricultural-Landscape Modeling System (PALMS) for calculating runoff and soil loss under cropped conditions. The PALMS model uses a lognormal distribution of saturated hydraulic conductivity across the fields to simulate typical soil heterogeneity within soil texture classes. Runoff and soil loss data were collected in ...

  • A Review of Instrumentation for Measuring Small Strains During Triaxial Testing of Soil Specimens

    Conventional procedures for determining deformations during triaxial tests are based on measurements made externally to the cell. This practice is inadequate, particularly if the small strain stiffness of the soil is being investigated, because errors are introduced which limit the accuracy and resolution of the measurements. The errors can only be eliminated if axial strains are determined ...


    By ASTM International

  • Large-Scale Triaxial Compression Testing of Geocell-Reinforced Granular Soils

    The paper describes the results of a series of large-scale triaxial tests carried out on 200-mm-high isolated geocell-soil composite specimens and unreinforced soil specimens. Two different aggregate soils were used in the test program. The reinforced specimens were tested with a height-to-diameter ratio of unity, which matches the dimensions of these systems in a typical base reinforcement ...


    By ASTM International

  • International Journal of Soil, Sediment and Water features `new field test for lead in soil` article

    ABSTRACT Field tests for the detection of lead in soil are not frequently accepted, since the tests are rather cumbersome or not reliable for screening determinations. Recently, we developed the LEADQuick field test kit for the detection of lead in water with 3 #22;g/L sensitivity. This test is further modified to detect lead in soil with a sensitivity 0.03 #22;g. We developed an extraction ...

  • The Geoweb Soil stabilization system - Case Study

    The GEOWEB® system is a proven technology for solving challenging soil stabilization problems common in the railroad industry. Railway engineers worldwide have successfully applied the GEOWEB® cellular confinement technology to 1) provide a high-stiffness roadbed foundation at grade under track, crossings and turnouts, particularly in areas of weak soils, 2) eliminate deterioration from ...


    By Presto Geosystems

  • Long-Term Filtration Behaviour of Soil-Geotextile System

    In addition to soil retention and permeability requirements for a geotextile filter, a geotextile should be able to function without having a significant number of its openings clogged. In order to evaluate the long-term filtration behaviour of a soil-geotextile system, a permeameter is developed in which both the long-term flow rates as well as the gradient ratio tests can be conducted ...


    By ASTM International

  • A Calibration Chamber for Cohesive Soils

    The paper describes the design and performance of a calibration chamber system for testing in-situ test devices in cohesive soils. Techniques for preparing “undisturbed” clay specimens from a slurry and consolidating them under zero lateral strain K0 conditions are presented. The chamber was used for strain controlled model pressurementer tests during which pore pressure was monitored. Duplicate ...


    By ASTM International

  • Monitoring of soil fertility

    Background In agriculture and forestry soil fertility is a decisive factor for the economic use of fields and forests. Various factors, considered as a whole are the indicators which characterize the soil fertility. Important parameters are e.g.: Intensity of precipitation, air temperature, air humidity, soil humidity, suction power and soil temperature in various depths. ...

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