soil thermal conductivity Articles

  • Calibration of Thermal Conductivity Sensors for Measuring Soil Suction

    The accuracy of suction measurements using thermal conductivity sensors is dependent upon their calibration. Therefore, a calibration study was undertaken by using a modified, commercially available, pressure plate extractor. The experimental setup along with the calibration procedure are described. Typical calibration results are presented. In general, results showed reasonable agreement between ...


    By ASTM International

  • The Thermal Probe—Measurement of the Thermal Conductivity and Drying Rate of Soil in the Field

    The thermal probe is a metal rod with an internal heating element and temperature sensor. In the field it is pushed into a predrilled hole in otherwise undisturbed soil, and the thermal properties of the soil are estimated from the temperatures recorded at intervals after a constant power is supplied to the heating element. The following are discussed in this paper: the theory behind the methods ...


    By ASTM International

  • Numerical Modeling of a Thermal Conductivity Matric Suction Sensor

    Thermal conductivity matric suction sensors appear to be a promising device for the measurement of suction in soil. The technique indirectly measures matric suction by measuring the thermal conductivity of a ceramic block. This paper uses both a spherical and a cylindrical porous medium to simulate the heat flow in a thermal conductivity matric suction sensor. It is found that, although the ...


    By ASTM International

  • Thermally Enhanced Soil Vapor Extraction

    Introduction Thermally enhanced SVE is a full-scale technology that uses electrical resistance/electromagnetic/fiber optic/radio frequency heating or hot-air/steam injection to increase the volatilization rate of semi-volatiles and facilitate extraction. Thermally enhanced SVE is normally a short- to medium-term technology. Electrical Resistance Heating Electrical resistance heating uses ...

  • A Model Study of the Influence of Stress on the Thermal Conductivity of Dry Sand

    An equivalent resistor model was investigated to determine its suitability for describing the thermal conductivity of dry granular soils. The suitability of the model for incorporating the influence of stress on thermal conductivity was also examined. The parameters necessary to specify the model were determined experimentally by fitting the model to measured values of thermal conductivity from ...


    By ASTM International

  • Measurement of In Situ Density of Sand in a Chamber by Using a Thermal Conductivity Penetrometer

    Reliable in situ testing during soil exploration is of great help to geotechnical engineers in design considerations. This paper describes the theory and the laboratory test results for determination of the density of a sand with a quasi-static penetrometer by measuring its thermal conductivity. Effects of disturbance caused by the penetrometer have been studied. It is shown that it is possible ...


    By ASTM International

  • Ex Situ Thermal Treatment for Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    The main advantage of ex situ treatments is that they generally require shorter time periods, and there is more certainty about the uniformity of treatment because of the ability to screen, homogenize, and continuously mix the soils. Ex situ processes, however, require excavation of soils leading to increased costs and engineering for equipment, possible permitting, and materials handling worker ...

  • Reviewed - Top 5 Thermal Soil Remediation Companies

    Soil remediation broadly refers to the ‘repair’ and ‘renewal’ of contaminated land. To preserve the sanitation of the area, contaminants in the land are treated or removed using different soil remediation techniques. However, one of the most effective techniques that have greatly evolved over the years to restore the damaged soil is the thermal soil remediation technique. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Experimental Investigation of Thermal Dispersion in Saturated Soils with One-Dimensional Water Flow

    Microscopic differences in soil pore water velocity cause hydrodynamic dispersion of solute transport. By analogy, thermal dispersion should be considered in soils where water and heat flow occur simultaneously. Few published data are available regarding thermal dispersion in soils. In this study, we investigated thermal dispersion influences on heat transport in saturated soils with ...

  • In-Pile thermal desorption for treatment of Dioxin-Contaminated soil in Japan

    Abstract A demonstration of thermal treatment of dioxin-contaminated soil was completed in Japan, under the sponsorship of the Japan Ministry of the Environment. TerraTherm’s proprietary In-Pile Thermal Desorption process was demonstrated to successfully treat the soil to the required standard of 1,000 picograms of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzodioxin (TCDD) toxic equivalents (TEQ) per ...


    By TerraTherm, Inc.

  • Thermal Desorption - A Viable Solution

    Untitled Document As regulations continue to tighten, the need for expedient and accurate remediation technology is of great importance. When faced with the demand or need to reach ...


  • Thermal Treatment Technologies

    Hot gas decontamination: Hot gas decontamination is a technology still in the pilot-scale of development that can be used for decontamination of explosives-contaminated masonry or metallic structures. The method involves sealing and insulating the structures, heating with hot gas stream to 260 °C (500 °F) for a prescribed period of time, volatilizing the explosive contaminants, and destroying ...

  • Air and thermal coupling

    SoilVision systems Ltd. is pleased to announce the addition of full air and thermal coupling between the SVAirFlow® and SVHeat® Professional software packages. The addition extends the capabilities of the software to model flow of air in the pore space of soils. In particular, the flow of air as a result of thermal gradients can be accomplished. This addition allows benefits in modeling ...


    By SoilVision Systems Ltd.

  • In-Situ thermal treatment of MGP waste and creosote

    Abstract: Remediation of coal tar at former Manufactured Gas Plant (MGP) sites, and creosote associated with wood preservative sites is challenging due to the viscous nature of the dense non-aqueous phase liquid (DNAPL) and the modest solubility and vapor pressure of the contaminants of concern (COCs). DNAPL seepage into surface water bodies, as well as groundwater plumes formed by the most ...


    By TerraTherm, Inc.

  • In-situ Thermal Remediation Under an Apartment Building

    This paper presents the implementation and results of ET-DSP, an in-situ electrical soil heating technology, in combination with high vacuum dual phase extraction, to achieve the removal of vapour pressure sensitive BTEX compounds from under an occupied residential apartment building. Operating within several engineering, environmental, and safety constraints, a design was developed in order to ...


    By McMillan-McGee Corp.

  • Soil baked to clean up contamination...

    Can an old drill site be cleaned up without adding truckloads of contaminated soil to the landfill? Chevron Canada will be using a technology called thermal desorption to clean up a site located 13 kilometres southwest of Pincher Creek. Leif Sollid, spokesman for Chevron, who is the operator of the site, said they considered two options for the clean up. The soil is classified as a non-dangerous ...

  • Contaminant removal from dry and wet sands by thermal desorption

    Infrared heating was used to determine the effects of temperature and moisture on the removal of selected organic compounds from contaminated sand matrices. Quartz sand was used as a chemically inert surrogate for soil to isolate the heat transfer and mass transfer effects without any chemical contribution from soil. The selected organic contaminants were 3-nitrobenzene sulphonic acid, sodium ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • EPA Region 9 Case Study (In Situ Gas Thermal Remediation (GTR™))

    In Situ Thermal Remediation was used to successfully treat benzene, TPH-d, TPH-mo, BaP, and Naphthalene from a former gas plant in EPA Region 9. Gas Thermal Remediation (GTRTM), using Thermal Conductive Heating (TCH), raised the temperature of the soils in the treatment zone of the former MGP site to an average temperature of approximately 325 degrees Celsius.  The COC(s) identified at the ...


    By GEO Inc

  • China Case Study (In Situ Gas Thermal Remediation (GTR™))

    Gas Thermal Remediation (GTR™) was recently used to successfully remediate benzene and chlorobenzene impacts in China. This was the first time in situ thermal remediation was used in the history of Chinese remediation efforts. In partnership with JSDDBS, GEO used its Thermal Conductive Heating (TCH) to remove contaminants from soil and groundwater at 100 degrees Celsius. The final ...


    By GEO Inc

  • Thermal treatment of thick peat layers – DNAPL removal and shrinkage

    Abstract A PCE DNAPL source zone was treated using thermal conduction heating combined with multi-phase extraction. Thick peat layers, even when contaminated with PCE DNAPL, were remediated to average soil PCE concentrations of 0.17 mg/kg (99.6% reduction compared to starting levels). This was accomplished in 83 days of heating, by elevating the temperature to the boiling point of water, and ...


    By TerraTherm, Inc.

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