soil type Articles

  • The Basics of Slope Stability Analysis for Geosynthetics

    Slope stability analysis is vital to preventing slope failures in a variety of engineering applications including landfill design, roads, dams and embankments, to name a few. Proper analysis anticipates both natural and manmade slopes and failure of foundations and retaining walls. This blog covers the necessity of slope stability analysis, how to conduct the analysis and the role of ...


    By Agru America, Inc.

  • Determination of Design Parameters of a Mesh-Type Soil Reinforcement

    Problems in determining design parameters of a new mesh-type soil reinforcement are investigated. A special apparatus referred to as the split-box was developed to enable measurement of design parameters with large-scale laboratory tests. In addition to the scale of the tests, the design innovations of the split-box ensure reliability of test results, as verified by a number of calibration tests. ...


    By ASTM International

  • Soil Washing

    Introduction: Soil washing is a water-based process for scrubbing soils ex situ to remove contaminants. The process removes contaminants from soils in one of two ways: By dissolving or suspending them in the wash solution (which can be sustained by chemical manipulation of pH for a period of time). By concentrating them into a smaller volume of soil through particle size ...

  • Bioremediation of soil

    In our experience, Bioremediation is best accomplished with Bio-augmentation, the addition of large numbers of selected micro-organisms grown in the production laboratory. In addition to bio-augmentation, several physical and chemical parameters must be controlled in order to obtain optimal growth and maximum degradation of soil contaminants. The major factors that are controlled during ...

  • Soil biodiversity

    What is biodiversity? Biodiversity has different meanings depending on the situation being discussed and the target audience. For example, the Oxford English Dictionary defines biodiversity as being 'The variety of plant and animal life in the world or in a particular habitat'. This is definition is clearly sufficient for non-specialists. However, when looking more specifically at biodiversity, ...


  • Soil Fracturing

    Introduction Fracturing is an enhancement technology designed to increase the efficiency of other in situ technologies in difficult soil conditions. The fracturing extends and enlarges existing fissures and introduces new fractures, primarily in the horizontal direction. When fracturing has been completed, the formation is then subjected to vapor extraction, either by applying a vacuum to all ...

  • Soil Flushing

    Introduction In situ soil flushing is the extraction of contaminants from the soil with water or other suitable aqueous solutions. Soil flushing is accomplished by passing the extraction fluid through in-place soils using an injection or infiltration process. Extraction fluids must be recovered from the underlying aquifer and, when possible, they are recycled. Cosolvent Enhancement Cosolvent ...

  • Types of Environmental Standards

    Different kinds of environmental standards can serve quite different purposes in environmental policy. This note outlines these differences Ambient Standards Ambient standards set maximum allowable levels of a pollutant in the receiving medium (air, water and soil). Ambient standards can offer a simple method of establishing priorities since areas (or stream lengths) which ...


  • Types of bioremediation and their modes of action

    An Urgent Call for Change in U.S. Oil Spill Response With Bioremediation Agent Type EA* bearing out as a workable first response alternative to the use of chemical dispersants, contrasting evidence has become even clearer that dispersant use has been a huge failure. Dispersants have proven to be an inadequate response method with more and more studies showing an ...

  • A Batch-Type Testing Method for Determination of Adsorption of Gaseous Compounds on Partially Saturated Soils

    As part of this study, a laboratory batch-type testing method has been developed for determination of the adsorptive characteristics and equilibrium adsorption coefficients for gaseous chemical species on partially saturated soils. The testing procedure was originally developed in support of in-situ tests at radioactive waste disposal sites in which relatively inert tracer gases are injected into ...


    By ASTM International

  • Modelling of the impact of future climate changes on salt accumulation in paddocks of different soil types due to recycled water irrigation

    Recycled water contains elevated amounts of salt compared with irrigation water originating from surface water sources. As such, recycled water, if used for irrigation over a long period of time may increase the root zone salinity. However, the phenomenon depends on variability of climatic condition and soil characteristics. In this study, a salt transport model, HYDRUS 1D, was used to predict ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A soil quality index for reclaimed mine soils

    The quality of soils found in mines is low if they do not receive any reclamation treatment. To our knowledge, there are no still equations to evaluate the quality of metal contaminated mine soils after the application of the reclamation treatments mainly in use today (planting vegetation and amending with wastes). Therefore, the purposes of the present study was (i) to propose a method for ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Soil geomorphology and identification

    When working with or studying the soil, it’s important to know what type of soil is being examined. Each type of soil has different characteristics, and will have different effects on water infiltration rates, water holding capacity, Evapotranspiration rate, and other soil characteristics.Soil sensors (also known as soil probes) are one popular way of measuring soil moisture, temperature level, ...

  • Detection of carbaryl in soil

    MATRIX: Soil ANALYTE: Carbaryl RANGE OF DETECTION: 40 to 500 ppb MATERIALS: SDI Carbaryl RaPID AssayÒ kit and Sample Diluent. SDI RaPID PrepÔ Soil Collection Kit (optional). SDI RaPID PrepÔ Extraction Kit: Type II (extraction solution, optional) Reagents: Methanol (pesticide grade), distilled or ...


  • Soil and Groundwater Clean-up

    CLIENT: Homeowner/Insurance Company LOCATION: Hopatcong, NJ PROJECT TYPE: Soil and Groundwater Clean-up PROJECT DESCRIPTION: Brennan Environmental, Inc. was retained jointly by a homeowner and their insurance company to complete a soil and groundwater clean-up. An aboveground heating oil tank burst in the basement of their home, spilling approximately 200 gallons of oil onto the floor of ...


    By Brennan Environmental, INC.

  • Soil Vapor Extraction (In Situ)

    Introduction Soil vapor extraction (SVE) is an in situ unsaturated (vadose) zone soil remediation technology in which a vacuum is applied to the soil to induce the controlled flow of air and remove volatile and some semivolatile contaminants from the soil. The gas leaving the soil may be treated to recover or destroy the contaminants, depending on local and state air discharge regulations. ...

  • Natural Attenuation in Soils

    Introduction Surface and subsurface soils have different characteristics in natural attenuation. Mobile contaminants in subsurface soils diffuse into soil vapor and aqueous phase and thus are relatively easily subject to natural subsurface processes that can attenuate these contaminants. Most high-molecular-weight (persistent) organic and many inorganic contaminants will be immobilized in the ...

  • Assessment and Reporting on Soil Erosion

    Untitled Document This report presents the results of a peer review of work on soil erosion carried out by the EEA up until 2001. It also summarises the conclusions of an expert ...

  • Types of Compaction Equipment for Different Industrial Setting

    Compaction equipment is used to compress and/or compact different types of materials at a work site. In construction sites different tools and machines are used for different purposes, such as waste around the work area is compacted and then disposed or loose soil around the work site is compacted before the start of the actual construction work.  While compaction equipment is mostly used to ...

  • Impact of hydraulic loading rate and media type on removal of bulk organic matter and nitrogen from primary effluent in a laboratory-scale soil aquifer treatment system

    The effect of hydraulic loading rate (HLR) and media type on the removal of bulk organic matter and nitrogen from primary effluent during soil aquifer treatment was investigated by conducting laboratory-scale soil column studies. Two soil columns packed with silica sand were operated at HLRs of 0.625 and 1.25 m/d, while a third column was packed with dune filtering material and operated at HLR ...


    By IWA Publishing

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