solar desalination Articles

  • Solar desalination

    This paper outlines the state of the art in solar desalination, especially atmospheric and vacuum distillation with or without condensation heat recovery, and focuses on the ongoing progress and the targets achievable.Keywords: atmospheric distillation, vacuum distillation, condensation heat recovery, solar desalination, solar energy, solar ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Sustainable desalination technologies for future

    This paper deals with some aspects concerning the dual objectives of cost-effectiveness and favourable environmental impact of desalination plants, resulting in a sustainable alternative source of fresh water for future needs. These include some case studies on the use of waste heat for the thermal desalination plants, replacement of conventional pre-treatments in membrane plants with cleaner ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Desalination gets a graphene boost

    Original story at MIT News Jeffrey Grossman applies new materials research to making desalination cheaper and more efficient. With the intensifying drought in California, the state has accelerated the construction of desalination plants. Yet due to high construction and operating costs, as ...

  • Selection and economical evaluation of solar desalination technologies via DesalSolar software

    Worldwide projection indicated that in 2020 the situation of water resources in Iran reach to scarcity. Besides, global warming and energy crisis have forced countries to use renewable energy resources. Solar desalination technologies particularly in remote area of Iran could be a method to emancipate from this crisis. In this paper, all kind of desalination technologies were reviewed. Then, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A new approach to solar desalination for small- and medium-size use in remote areas

    A conventional solar still produces 6 litres of fresh water per square metre per day of collector surface. With heat recovery and air mass circulation we can reach up to 20 litres m3/d. The quality of the processed water is always very high so that the investment costs are justified. This depends on the material used and the price of the solar stills. The advantage of the solar still is ...

  • Technical and economic evaluation of an off-grid solar desalination system in Myanmar

    Myanmar is a unique country where the majority of the people live in rural areas, away from grid electricity and reliable water supplies. The penetration of grid electricity in rural areas is minimal and even then it is often erratic. This paper focuses on the challenges of transitioning from an electricity-poor country to a renewable energy based-economy augmented with photovoltaics (PV). ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Low Temperature Thermal Desalination (LTTD): new sustainable desalination process

    Water is a scarce resource, and new collection and production facilities are predicted as necessary in the coming years. Sea water desalination shall be a key technology for the production of fresh water in many areas of the world, and great efforts are now in progress to increase the reliability of the desalination processes and to reduce the relevant investment and operation costs. In this ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Desalination plant in Egypt runs on wind & sun

    Fortis Wind Energy (NL) and Juwi Renewable (DE) install a 100kW hybrid system in Egypt. Egypt, the land of the pyramids, is known to us for its ancient culture and the last year because of the uprisings for more democracy. Egypt is less known for its large population (83 million) lives along the Nile (only 5.5% of the surface). The rest of the country is desert. The River Nile runs into Egypt ...


    By Fortis Wind Energy

  • Water scarcity and solar desalination systems in the Eastern Mediterranean region: a case of Northern Cyprus

    Water is definitely physically scarce in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) and the Mediterranean region with less than 1000 m3/capita/year. Water scarcity in these regions is a function of both water supply and water demand as both applies in most of the countries. Using the Falkenmark indicator the Mediterranean region will see increased deterioration in the availability of renewable ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Feasibility investigation of coupling a desalination prototype functioning by Aero-Evapo-Condensation with solar units

    The rural regions of south Mediterranean countries suffer from problems of drinking water supply. However, the majority of these regions have important resources of brackish salt water. Thus, brackish water desalination on a small scale presents a potential solution to this problem. For this reason, a number of small desalination prototypes are being developed worldwide. Bourouni et al. have ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Repowering and Modification of Grid Connected Reverse Osmosis Desalination Plants

    Currently, there is a strong demand for efficient seawater desalination plants, which can meet the tougher environment regulation and energy saving requirements. From this standpoint the present work was undertaken to include the proposed schemes for repowering and modification of Reverse Osmosis (RO) desalination plants. The model of Modified Desalination Plant (MDP) during sunny periods may be ...


  • Greenhouse based desalination for brackish water management using bittern evaporative cooling technique

    The Arab region is characterized by arid and semi-arid conditions with very limited renewable water resources. Most of the surface water comes from transboundary streams and most of the groundwater resources are fossil in nature. Water quality degradation and excessive use of pesticides and herbicides in agriculture pose severe environmental and health risks. The underlying research is a joint ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Solar Energy and Power Importance

    Have you ever wondered why solar energy or power is important? You are not alone in this because it is the common question of all. Before we can understand why solar energy is important we should have a good idea of what solar energy is. Solar energy is produced by the sun. It can be harnessed like any other type of energy and used to ...


    By Greenshine New Energy LLC

  • U.S. desalination industry grows since 2000; seen as essential to meeting supply needs

    With supplies of clean water becoming more scarce in certain areas and demand increasing, desalination is on the rise in the United States, water professionals told BNA. Half again as many municipal desalination plants were built between 2000 and 2010 as were built in the preceding three decades, according to research by water sector consultant Mike Mickley that was published in 2012 in the IDA ...


    By Bloomberg BNA

  • Water distillation by solar energy-a-review

    In this paper an attempt has been made to review in brief, work on solar distillation, its present status in the world today and its future perspective. This paper covers a large variety of systems used to convert saline water into fresh water suitable for human use. Finally, some general guidelines are discussed for selection of desalination systems and the parameters that need to be ...

  • What Are Solar Buildings Technologies?

    Solar buildings technologies use the non-polluting power of the sun to help heat, cool, and power our buildings. Because buildings now use one-third of the energy currently consumed in this country, the potential markets for using solar buildings technologies in place of conventional ones is substantial. Whether you're a home owner, architect, builder, business owner, or industry or utility ...

  • Temperature evolution of an experimental salt-gradient solar pond

    A salt-gradient solar pond is a low-cost, large-scale solar collector with integrated storage that can be used as a source of energy in low-grade-heat thermal desalination systems. This work presents the thermal evolution of an experimental solar pond for both the maturation and heat extraction time periods. The temperature profile was measured every 1.1 cm using a vertical high-resolution ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • More transparency needed on solar field cost and performance

    Novatec Biosol will be participating actively in the 4th International Concentrated Solar Thermal Power Summit (Nov 15-17) as an exhibitor and sponsor. The rise of the Fresnel system to the hierarchy of CSP is one of the issues that will be actively discussed at this industry flagship event with a 700 strong attendance. CSP Today: What are ...


    By FCBI Energy

  • The future for using jet devices for solving environmental problems

    The development of ejector technology is analysed as it applies for solving environmental problems. Success achieved in this field is connected with its special features the full absence of rotating and movable parts, lubricants and any seals and, consequently, the high reliability and low capital costs. This article concerns the use of jet devices for utilisation of steam obtained by means of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Prospects for using jet devices to solve environmental problems

    The development of ejector technology is analysed as it applies to the solving of environmental problems. The success achieved in this field is connected with its special features the full absence of rotating and movable parts, lubricants and any seals, and, consequently, the high reliability and low capital costs. This article concerns the direction of using jet devices for utilisation of steam ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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