solar desalination system Articles

  • Technical and economic evaluation of an off-grid solar desalination system in Myanmar

    Myanmar is a unique country where the majority of the people live in rural areas, away from grid electricity and reliable water supplies. The penetration of grid electricity in rural areas is minimal and even then it is often erratic. This paper focuses on the challenges of transitioning from an electricity-poor country to a renewable energy based-economy augmented with photovoltaics (PV). ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sustainable desalination technologies for future

    This paper deals with some aspects concerning the dual objectives of cost-effectiveness and favourable environmental impact of desalination plants, resulting in a sustainable alternative source of fresh water for future needs. These include some case studies on the use of waste heat for the thermal desalination plants, replacement of conventional pre-treatments in membrane plants with cleaner ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Selection and economical evaluation of solar desalination technologies via DesalSolar software

    Worldwide projection indicated that in 2020 the situation of water resources in Iran reach to scarcity. Besides, global warming and energy crisis have forced countries to use renewable energy resources. Solar desalination technologies particularly in remote area of Iran could be a method to emancipate from this crisis. In this paper, all kind of desalination technologies were reviewed. Then, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Water scarcity and solar desalination systems in the Eastern Mediterranean region: a case of Northern Cyprus

    Water is definitely physically scarce in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) and the Mediterranean region with less than 1000 m3/capita/year. Water scarcity in these regions is a function of both water supply and water demand as both applies in most of the countries. Using the Falkenmark indicator the Mediterranean region will see increased deterioration in the availability of renewable ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Desalination plant in Egypt runs on wind & sun

    Fortis Wind Energy (NL) and Juwi Renewable (DE) install a 100kW hybrid system in Egypt. Egypt, the land of the pyramids, is known to us for its ancient culture and the last year because of the uprisings for more democracy. Egypt is less known for its large population (83 million) lives along the Nile (only 5.5% of the surface). The rest of the country is desert. The River Nile runs into Egypt ...


    By Fortis Wind Energy

  • Greenhouse based desalination for brackish water management using bittern evaporative cooling technique

    The Arab region is characterized by arid and semi-arid conditions with very limited renewable water resources. Most of the surface water comes from transboundary streams and most of the groundwater resources are fossil in nature. Water quality degradation and excessive use of pesticides and herbicides in agriculture pose severe environmental and health risks. The underlying research is a joint ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Solar Energy and Power Importance

    Have you ever wondered why solar energy or power is important? You are not alone in this because it is the common question of all. Before we can understand why solar energy is important we should have a good idea of what solar energy is. Solar energy is produced by the sun. It can be harnessed like any other type of energy and used to ...


    By Greenshine New Energy LLC

  • What Are Solar Buildings Technologies?

    Solar buildings technologies use the non-polluting power of the sun to help heat, cool, and power our buildings. Because buildings now use one-third of the energy currently consumed in this country, the potential markets for using solar buildings technologies in place of conventional ones is substantial. Whether you're a home owner, architect, builder, business owner, or industry or utility ...

  • Water distillation by solar energy-a-review

    In this paper an attempt has been made to review in brief, work on solar distillation, its present status in the world today and its future perspective. This paper covers a large variety of systems used to convert saline water into fresh water suitable for human use. Finally, some general guidelines are discussed for selection of desalination systems and the parameters that need to be ...

  • Temperature evolution of an experimental salt-gradient solar pond

    A salt-gradient solar pond is a low-cost, large-scale solar collector with integrated storage that can be used as a source of energy in low-grade-heat thermal desalination systems. This work presents the thermal evolution of an experimental solar pond for both the maturation and heat extraction time periods. The temperature profile was measured every 1.1 cm using a vertical high-resolution ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • More transparency needed on solar field cost and performance

    Novatec Biosol will be participating actively in the 4th International Concentrated Solar Thermal Power Summit (Nov 15-17) as an exhibitor and sponsor. The rise of the Fresnel system to the hierarchy of CSP is one of the issues that will be actively discussed at this industry flagship event with a 700 strong attendance. CSP Today: What are ...


    By FCBI Energy

  • Two proposals for unlimited fresh water

    The world water crisis may be more serious than generally appreciated. One reason for this is that the main response has been to increase storage of rain rather than to increase the amount of fresh water. Another is that fossil groundwater has been widely seen as inexhaustible. Two fresh water collecting systems are outlined here and it is argued that they have no ultimate limitation, either by ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Producing drinking water from seawater with waste energy

    German firm Taprogge and ESACO (Vietnam) are jointly investing in seawater desalination technology in the country. The Saigon Times Daily had a talk with Detlef Taprogge, CEO of Taprogge, about the Taprogge Terrawater Technology during a recent demonstration of a system using this tech in HCMC’s Can Gio District. Excerpts: The Saigon Times Daily: What is the specific of this ...


    By Terrawater GmbH

  • Can saltwater quench our growing thirst?

    An increasingly water-stressed world takes a new look at desalination. It seems simple enough: Take the salt out of water so it’s drinkable. But it’s far more complex than it appears at first glance. It’s also increasingly crucial in a world where freshwater resources are progressively strained by population growth, development, droughts, ...


    By Ensia

  • Water and energy futures for Melbourne: implications of land use, water use, and water supply strategy

    This paper quantifies the effect of three policy levels on the water and energy futures of Melbourne, Australia. During a time of severe water shortages attributed to climate change, water strategies lacked consideration of energy consequences. Modeling, guided by urban metabolism theory, demonstrated that a compact urban form, reduced water consumption by 90 GL/a, compared with a sprawling ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Remote island dependant on R.O. desal units

    On June 15, 2006, President Bush has signed into law, as a National Monument, 1200 miles of islands now formerly known as the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands Coral Reef Ecosystem Reserve, making it the largest marine conservation area on Earth. For years, Lifestream Watersystems Inc.’s involvement with the area has been through the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service in Hawaii and the hearty group of ...

  • Ocean Thermal Energy and Water Production

    Introduction The scarcity of potable water is a growing problem worldwide, particularly in arid regions and among developing countries. Compounding this problem is the increasing contamination of freshwater sources, which comprise only about 2.5% of all water on Earth. Of this small portion, only 0.5% of the total fresh water available is found in easily accessible sources such as ...

  • Opening markets for CSP – the industrial heat application

    Heavy industry can be a viable secondary market today for CSP producers, but questions remain on whether start-up costs are justifiable for industrial users, and how reliable CSP can be for processes that can't pace production by the sun. Solar thermal heat implies steam, and industries that need steam include refining, food processing, wood-working, desalination and chemicals, among others. ...


    By FCBI Energy

  • Middle east installation employs brine concentrator

    The Facility Petroleum Development Oman (PDO) is an oil exploration and production company located in the Middle East. PDO needed high purity water to feed the oil field steam generator at their new enhanced oil recovery facility at Qarn Alam located in the Oman interior. Aqua-Chem ICD, together with PDO’s consultant, recognized that conventional seawater desalination equipment was ...

  • Kuwait: A CSP market worth entering?

    Kuwait's renewable energy plans show that CSP has a paramount role to play in the country's future energy mix, but when will developments pick up pace? Progress in Kuwait's CSP projects has been slower than anticipated. While the net gas importer signed multi-year supply deals for liquefied natural gas with Qatargas and Shell, and is considering similar agreements with Iran and the United ...


    By FCBI Energy

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