solar photovoltaic module Articles

  • Design, development and simulation of PC-based scheme for characterisation of solar photovoltaic modules

    This paper presents design, simulation and experimental set up for characterisation of PV cells/modules in the laboratory. A PC-based data acquisition system and associated interface circuit is developed, simulated and used for loading PV module in the laboratory to completely scan its I-V characteristics under varying environmental conditions of solar insolation and temperature. The scheme makes ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Solar power generation by photovoltaic technology

    The various forms of solar energy, solar heat, solar photovoltaic, solar thermal electricity, and solar fuels offer a clean, climate-friendly, very abundant and in-exhaustive energy resource to mankind. Solar power is the conversion of sunlight into electricity, either directly using photovoltaic (PV), or indirectly using concentrated solar power (CSP). The research has been under way since the ...


    By Greenshine New Energy LLC

  • Photovoltaic string disconnect switches

    PV system arrays generate DC current. The solar modules are wired in series, and the system voltage is the sum of the maximum output voltage of all of the modules in a string. 600 Vdc maximum was chosen as an optimal system voltage to reduce installation costs by reducing conductor size and to stay below the 600V threshold in NEC Article 490. Prior to the growth in the number of installed PV ...


    By Eaton Corporation

  • Photovoltaics Energy Technologies

    Technology Overview    Photovoltaic (or PV) cells are devices that use semiconductor materials—similar to those used in computer chips—to convert sunlight directly into electricity. The electric current can either be used immediately, or it may be stored, as in a battery, for later use. A typical PV or solar cell might be a square that measures about 4 ...

  • Photovoltaic Applications and Policy Initiatives

    Issue: The world photovoltaic (PV) market has grown significantly in recent years. Although this trend is expected to continue in the future, estimates cannot be given with any real certainty. Relevance: In this context the question that arises is the role that public and private funding plays in market development and how this funding should be used to ensure the best results. Although current ...


    By Atlantis Technologies LLC

  • NREL Report Shows U.S. Solar Photovoltaic Costs Continuing to Fall in 2016

    NREL U.S. PV system cost benchmarks, from the fourth quarter of 2009 to the first quarter of 2016 The modeled costs to install solar photovoltaic (PV) systems continued to decline in the first quarter of 2016 in the U.S. residential, commercial, and utility-scale sectors, according to updated benchmarks from the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). Driving the cost ...

  • Outlook promising for photovoltaic manufacturing in India

    SCHOTT Solar and Panchabuta debated the progress and potential of the photovoltaic supply chain in India during a recent PV Insider webinar. On February 28th PV Insider hosted a webinar entitled ‘Spotlight on Indian PV’, in which three experts provided analysis on the current and future status of the photovoltaic market in India.  The webinar attracted over one thousand ...


    By FCBI Energy

  • Photovoltaic Generator Market in India 2014

    This latest market research report titled Photovoltaic Generator Market in India 2014 states that the renewable energy sector is gaining prominence in India. With the country facing a continuous shortfall in the supply of conventional sources required to meet the increasing demand for energy in recent years, the focus is gradually shifting from conventional to renewable sources of energy. In ...

  • Photovoltaics: Basic Design Principles and Components

    If you are thinking of generating your own electricity, you should consider a photovoltaic (PV) system—a way to generate electricity by using energy from the sun. These systems have several advantages: they are cost-effective alternatives in areas where extending a utility power line is very expensive; they have no moving parts and require little maintenance; and they produce electricity ...

  • Interactive Resources Wins National Renewable Energy Laboratory Contract for Roof Structural Assessments for Installation of Solar Photovoltaic Arrays

    Richmond CA, October 19, 2010   – Richmond architecture and engineering firm Interactive Resources was recently awarded a contract by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to provide solar feasibility studies for 24 California K-12 school buildings in Alameda and Contra Costa Counties. The Sequoia Foundation ...


    By Interactive Resources

  • How do Photovoltaic Cells Actually Work?

    Solar power is an abundant renewable source that could be the solution to our future energy needs, but just how does a solar array produce the electricity that powers our lives? The short answer is that, through a solar panel, photons (light particles) are able to knock electrons off atoms and this causes a flow of electricity. The long ...


    By Institut für Solartechnik

  • Thermal management of non–concentrating photovoltaic panels under extreme ambient conditions

    Solar photovoltaic modules have reduced efficiency levels when the ambient temperature is very high. In this paper, the temperature and the efficiency of a non–concentrating flat plate collector is determined by a one dimensional steady state analysis at different solar radiation levels for the city of Riyadh, Saudi Arabia where the radiation intensity and ambient temperatures are very high. The ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Efficiency improvement of a photovoltaic system by acting on the characteristics of MPPT control

    A 360 W photovoltaic (PV) module power with a maximum power point tracking (MPPT) algorithm is analysed and presented. In this study, the control algorithm is improved and then applied to the PV system. The results obtained show the ability of this algorithm to control high powers when weather conditions are changing. Under the same conditions, this improved technique offers, in steady state ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • PSO-based solutions to selective harmonic elimination in stand-alone photovoltaic inverters

    This paper presents accurate particle swarm optimisation (PSO) based-solutions for nonlinear equations of selective harmonic elimination technique to be used in single-phase stand-alone photovoltaic inverters. The proposed PSO-based method computes efficiently the required switching angles of inverter control signals to eliminate low order harmonics up to the 15th from the inverter voltage ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Solar PV Testing

    Introduction The time is now for clean, renewable energy technologies. Favorable government tax credits, a decreased dependency upon oil, and the need to stimulate the economy are just three of the planets that have aligned, favoring the expansion of technologies that harness the sun’s energy. Manufacturers of Solar Photovoltaic (PV) modules and panels strive to improve product effi ...


    By Thermotron Industries

  • Test Sites And Testing of 3-Sun Mirror Modules

    ABSTRACT The demand for solar photovoltaic cells and modules has far outstripped PV cell supply and module prices are rising. To solve this problem. JX Crystals is developing a 3-sun mirror module that uses 1/3 the cell area to triple module production at a lower cost. Our concentrator module design uses existing planar cells. We simply cut standard SunPower A300 cells into thirds. In ...


    By JX Crystals

  • A brighter future for solar in Texas

    I'd put my money on the sun and solar energy. What a source of power! I hope we don't have to wait until oil and coal run out before we tackle that. - Thomas Edison, in conversation with Henry Ford and Harvey Firestone, 1931 According to the State Energy Conservation Office (SECO), Texas has the greatest solar energy potential of any state in the country. “If photovoltaic (PV) systems operating ...

  • The entropy matrix generated exergy model for a Photovoltaic heat exchanger under critical operating conditions

    The maximum entropy generation approach is adopted to develop the exergy model for a Photovoltaic (PV) heat exchanger with vertical heat exchange sections under critical operation of buoyancy-induced hybrid airflow. The Photovoltaic (PV) heat exchanger was constructed with two adjacent Photovoltaic (PV) modules with double-glass faces and back panel and assembled on a wooden duct and framing ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Solar`s Time to Rise and Shine.

    Photovoltaic efficiency records are being shattered, thanks to recent advances in materials science. Last month, a researcher at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory in Golden, Colo., loaded a postage stamp–sized solar cell onto a tray and placed it under a high-intensity pulse solar simulator. The simulator flashed a 2.5 millisecond pulse of light, and 19 mirrors reflected the ...


    By Ensia

  • What are the barriers to solar energy adoption?

    The solar energy market is hampered by multiple barriers to adoption in the EU and worldwide, according to a new review. Researchers from Sweden and Spain found that lack of government commitment as well as various sociotechnical, management and economic barriers prevent photovoltaic technologies from being more readily adopted. The EU has a well-developed solar energy market compared to other ...

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