solar thermal system Articles

  • Solar Water Distillation System, Solar Thermal Energy Conversion System

    Innovation in Water and Energy Access to Water and Energy is a Human Right and Fundamental Freedom to share the “gift of life”. The US. Patent and Trademark Office have awarded two Patents US 6,494,995 B1 for Solar Water Distillation System and US 7,127,894 B2 for Solar Thermal Energy Conversion System to the Inventor Mr.Hammam Battah, P.E, having 45+ years of Professional Engineering ...


    By FutureNet Group, Inc.

  • Solar exergy maps for photovoltaic/thermal systems

    In this paper, the thermal and electrical exergies and the exergy destructions are calculated for a photovoltaic thermal (PV/T) system based on solar exergy rates for some Indian climates namely Bangalore, Jodhpur, Mumbai, New Delhi and Srinagar for a year and for different US climates namely Chicago, Las Vegas, Miami, New York, Portland, San Antonio, San Francisco, Tucson and Tulsa for January, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Solar Thermal System: Benefits Vs Problems?

    Solar thermal systems are the latest green renewable technology that derives energy from the sun to produce heat. This heat is then transferred to warm water for utilization or regulates temperatures within households, offices and even industries. Varying qualities of equipment results in variation of performance in terms of efficiency and quantity of energy being wasted depending upon quality. ...


    By Greenshine New Energy LLC

  • Solar thermal power coming to a boil

    After emerging in 2006 from 15 years of hibernation, the solar thermal power industry experienced a surge in 2007, with 100 megawatts of new capacity coming online worldwide. During the 1990s, cheap fossil fuels, combined with a loss of state and federal incentives, put a damper on solar thermal power development. However, recent increases in energy prices, escalating concerns about global ...


    By Earth Policy Institute

  • Solar thermal power plants for the Spanish electricity market

    Solar thermal power plants are at present the cheapest technology for solar electricity production. At good sites Levelised Electricity Costs (LEC) of 11 Ct/kWh have been achieved in commercially operated power plants. Economy of scale and further technical improvements will reduce the LEC for future projects. On the 27th of March 2004 in Spain the existing feed-in-law has been modified in order ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Exergy analysis of a multi–tank thermal storage system for solar heating applications

    This paper presents the results of an experimental study on the stored exergy of a stratified multi–tank system when subjected to various charge and discharge strategies. Tests were performed over 8–h and 48–h test periods, for constant temperature charging, variable input power charging, constant volume hourly draws and variable volume hourly draws. For each set of test parameters, three ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Exergy analysis of a rock bed thermal storage system

    In this paper, a thermodynamic procedure is presented to analyse energy and exergy balances of a rock bed thermal storage system. The thermal behaviour is described by means of a control volume that includes three subsystems: the solar collectors, the fluid distribution system and the storage chamber. Solar-to-thermal energy conversion was obtained by means of a solar collector at a fixed airflow ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Solar hot water system

    Solar hot water systems (e.g. residential) do not produce steam, for example. Thus, solar hot water systems cannot push a steam turbine and will not generate electrical power. Solar hot water systems are used for heating and hot water requirements, not electrical power. If this is offsetting electrical hot water or electrical heat, then these are more like 'negawatts' than Terawatts. Steam ...


    By Power Inverter Co

  • CPV solar power system

    There are relatively few CPV applications still pursuing Si cells. The idea was somewhat "hot", no pun intended, when there was a silicon shortage going on, but silicon prices have dropped as new capacity has come online and the only successful CPV concepts being marketed which I know of are based on triple junction Ge/GaAs/InGaP or similar cells. These are also rather heat sensitive, and the two ...


    By Power Inverter Co

  • Thermal modelling, validation and exergetic analysis of a hybrid Photovoltaic/Thermal (PV/T) active solar still

    This paper presents the thermal analysis of a self sustainable, new design of hybrid photovoltaic/thermal (PV/T) active solar distillation system. The experiments were conducted for 24 h (7am-7am) for the New Delhi (India) climatic conditions on typical days during the month of April 2006 for water at different depths (i.e., 0.05, 0.10, 0.15 m) in order to validate the experimental results, a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A solar thermal power system in the city of Thessalonica with the use of the Pinch method for entropy minimisation

    The objective of this paper is to create a small power plant, (producing 2 MW annually), which will be using solar energy as a driving fuel. The system is made up of three sub-systems: a set of Solar Collectors (SCS), a Rankine power cycle and a Heat Exchanger Network (HEN). Two cases with variations in the operation of the solar collectors and the heat exchanger network will be examined. The ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Solar energy based thermal energy storage system using phase change materials

    Nowadays for solar heating applications, usage of phase change materials (PCM) to store the heat in the form of latent heat is increased, because large quantity of thermal energy is stored in small volume. The present experimental investigation on the thermal energy storage (TES) system is developed using paraffin and stearic acid as PCM. In the present system solar energy is used as heat source ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • CO2 mitigation with thermal energy storage

    Thermal Energy Storage (TES) provides us with a flexible heating and/or cooling tool to combat global warming through conserving energy while utilising natural renewable energy resources. This paper aims to show how CO2 emissions can be decreased by utilising different TES concepts in Turkey. The first project is for the heating and cooling of a supermarket using Aquifer Thermal Energy Storage ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Ocean Thermal Energy and Water Production

    Introduction The scarcity of potable water is a growing problem worldwide, particularly in arid regions and among developing countries. Compounding this problem is the increasing contamination of freshwater sources, which comprise only about 2.5% of all water on Earth. Of this small portion, only 0.5% of the total fresh water available is found in easily accessible sources such as ...

  • Economics of tiny thermal power plants

    Thermal power plants is the main source of energy and electricity in India and almost all countries of the world. Most of the giant thermal power plants have capacity of 500MW to 1000 MW. Investment in such giant thermal power plants is Rs 100 million per MW including transmission lines and distribution lines. ( 60 rupees = 1 US$, MW=1000KW). So 1000MW thermal power plant costs Rs 100 million/MW ...


    By AADHUNIK GLOBAL ENERGY

  • Propensity to export and effects on cluster development: a comparative study of the Cyprus and Greek solar thermal clusters

    Access to sophisticated demand is critical for cluster upgrading in developing countries. Despite this, the role of exports in cluster development has not been adequately researched. This study tries to answer two questions; what are the factors that increase the propensity of a cluster to successfully engage in exports and how exports affect cluster upgrading. In order to isolate the effect of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Development and performance evaluation of 0.16 m 2 solar point thermal energy collector compared with flat plate collector

    Renewable energy systems such as wind, solar and biomass are significantly more land intensive than traditional fossil fuels. Renewable energy increases diversity of energy supplies and can replace diminishing fossil fuel resources over the long run; their use in place of fossil fuels can substantially reduce greenhouse gases and other pollutants. Application of solar energy for domestic and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A novel underground solar thermal heat storage unit cum heat exchanger for non air-conditioned buildings

    A novel passive space conditioning configuration is presented, integrating a Solar Collector System, Underground Storage Tank and Novel Heat Exchanger. This Underground Solar Thermal Heat Exchanger (USTHE) provided improved sensible heating/cooling of air by employing a Novel Heat Exchanger (NHX). The dynamic performance of the storage tank in USTHE is modelled using the finite difference method ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Thermodynamic and life cycle assessment of flat–plate collector, photovoltaic system and photovoltaic thermal collector

    In this study, an energy, exergy and Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) analysis of a Flat–Plate (FP) collector, a Photovoltaic (PV) system and a Photovoltaic–Thermal (PV–T) collector is carried out for better evaluation. It is observed that instantaneous energy, daily energy and exergy efficiency of the FP collector, the PV system and the PV/T collector vary between 53–61%, 19–30%, 23–37% and 56–74%, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Concentrating Solar Power

    Technology Overview   By collecting solar energy during daylight hours and storing it in hot molten salt, concentrating solar power technologies like power towers give utilities an alternative method for meeting peak loads. (Warren Gretz)  Concentrating solar power plants produce electric power by converting the sun’s energy into high-temperature heat using ...

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