solid waste storage Articles

  • Bio-fuels- Anaerobic digestion

    Anaerobic digestion is a series of processes in which micro organisms break down biodegradable material in the absence of oxygen. It is widely used to treat wastewater sludges and organic (agricultural) wastes.  As part of an integrated waste management system, anaerobic digestion reduces the emission of gas into the atmosphere. Anaerobic digestion is a renewable energy source because the ...


    By Triangle Ltd

  • Polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) production from sludge and municipal wastewater treatment

    Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) are biodegradable polyesters with comparable properties to some petroleum-based polyolefins. PHA production can be achieved in open, mixed microbial cultures and thereby coupled to wastewater and solid residual treatment. In this context, waste organic matter is utilised as a carbon source in activated sludge biological treatment for biopolymer synthesis. Within the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • When is material ‘spent?

    The definition of solid waste has been frequently tested in the courts. A recent court decision provides new guidance on this meaning, and might have made things tougher for well-meaning enterprises. The definition of a hazardous waste under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) is nearly impossible to understand. A recent court ruling has not helped eliminate confusion and, some ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • Aerators Enhance Aerobic Digestion Process

    The city of Eden,N.C.,operates an extended aeration process designed for an average flow rate of 13.5 mgd with a mixed liquor suspended solids concentration that typically checks in about 6,000 mg/l. This high biomass concentration is necessary to provide a well-settling sludge and good effluent quality. Further, the plant influent is approximately 40% domestic wastewater and 60% industrial ...


    By S&N Airoflo Inc.

  • Common Treatment Technologies for Radionuclides in Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    Unlike organic contaminants (and similar to metals), radionuclides cannot be destroyed or degraded; therefore, remediation technologies applicable to radionuclides involve separation, concentration/volume reduction, and/or immobilization. The most commonly used treatment technology for radionuclides in soil, sediment, and sludge is solidification/stabilization (S/S). This treatment technology is ...

  • Solidification/Stabilization

    Introduction: As for in situ solidification/stabilization (S/S), ex situ S/S contaminants are physically bound or enclosed within a stabilized mass (solidification), or chemical reactions are induced between the stabilizing agent and contaminants to reduce their mobility (stabilization). Ex situ S/S, however, typically requires disposal of the resultant materials. Under CERCLA material can be ...

  • The rules are changing for garbage in Pennsylvania

    Changes to the municipal and residual solid waste regulations within the State of Pennsylvania have been in the works for a number of years within the DEP’s Bureau of Waste Management. This article provides a summary of the currently understood status of the proposed rules, details of some of the proposed changes and commentary on the success of state recycling programs across the nation. Based ...

  • New EPA Draft Guidance on Vapor Intrusion

    One of the primary objectives of the Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response (OSWER) under EPA’s Strategic Plan is stated as: “By 2005, EPA and its state, tribal and local partners will reduce or control the risk to human health and the environment at more than 374,000 contaminated Superfund, RCRA, underground storage tank (UST), brownfields and oil sites, and have the planning and ...

  • Integration of thermal hydrolysis into sludge treatment at cottonvalley WwTW, milton keynes

    The paper is a case study of the construction, commissioning and operation of a new 21,000 tonnes dry solids per annum sludge treatment centre at Anglian Water’s wastewater treatment works at Cottonvalley, Milton Keynes. The construction of the new sludge treatment centre was completed in summer 2008 and is part of Anglian Water’s £95 million AMP5 biosolids programme to provide treatment capacity ...


    By Cambi Group AS

  • Solving a messy problem: Covering wastewater treatment in Halton region Ontario, Canada case study

    The Regional Municipality of Halton or Halton Region is located in Southern Ontario, part of the greater Toronto area. Halton owns and operates seven wastewater treatment plants for four Ontario cities in its jurisdiction. These plants are designed to treat wastewater from homes and businesses turning the effluents into biosolids. Turning waste into food requires a process that starts with the ...


    By CST Industries Inc

  • Springfield - Case Study

    At Their Disposal Komline-Sanderson minimizes solid waste disposal costs in Springfield, Mass The City of Springfield, Mass., currently uses a contract composting facility, which is located at the 65 MGD Bondi Island Wastewater Treatment Plant to dispose of their solid waste. The composting facility requires a feed of 40–45% solid materials to ...


    By Komline-Sanderson

  • Surface active solutions tank cleaning & crude oil sludge removal

    For over ten years Surface Active Solutions has led the way in developing integrated microemulsion solutions for tank cleaning operations, crude oil sludge treatment and slops treatment. The company, with offices in Houston and Grangemouth (Scotland) aims to create real synergy in its approach to tank cleaning by combining its microemulsion chemistries with automated tank cleaning systems. The ...

  • Feasibility analysis for biomass in cities, counties and facilities

    The commercial waste industry includes all those who collect waste from the simplest “collect waste and transport to a landfill” to the more complex “collect waste and process into re-usable components and energy.” This article will cover how we can collect material and fuel a clean energy system for our immediate future, while saving clean water and air. ...


    By Waste Advantage Magazine

  • Membrane thickening aerobic digestion processes

    Sludge management accounts for approximately 60% of the total wastewater treatment plant expenditure and laws for sludge disposal are becoming increasingly stringent, therefore much consideration is required when designing a solids handling process. A membrane thickening aerobic digestion process integrates a controlled aerobic digestion process with pre-thickening waste activated sludge ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) air permitting: overcoming obstacles, maximizing flexibility, presented at EUEC 2010

    Agenda 1.IGCC Process Overview Gasification system options and process flow diagram Process area and plant-wide air emissions summary 2.Gasification Block Sources Emission points and operating scenarios (OS) Short-term and annual emissions summary 3.Permitting and Compliance Strategies ...


    By Trinity Consultants

  • Los Angeles County WRRF Embraces Codigestion

    Technology to produce food waste slurry key to project implementation - and helps generators comply with California organics recycling mandates. The Sanitation Districts’ JWPCP in Carson (CA) treats an average of 280 million gallons/day of wastewater. One of the two anaerobic digestion tanks above has been used for codigestion, with the second serving as the control. Photos ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Toronto moves forward with anaerobic digestion of residential SSO

    In June 2007, Toronto's City Council approved the “Target 70” plan to achieve 70 percent diversion by 2010. Target 70 includes construction of two, 55,000 metric tons/year anaerobic digestion plants to process residential source separated organics (SSO). City Council says that the digester facilities, along with adoption of single stream recycling and a pay-as-you-throw funding system, will ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Geotube Container Keeps Pulp & Paper Mill Running - SCA Tissue Paper, Cherokee, Alabama - Case Study

    TenCate develops and produces materials that function to increase performance, reduce costs, and deliver measurable results by working with our customers to provide advanced solutions. THE CHALLENGE SCA Tissue's Cherokee Alabama, USA, waste water treatment system has minimal sludge storage, about six hours, with all sludge going directly to a dewatering table, followed by a ...

  • Solidification / Immobilisation of sludge from physical-chemical WWT process

    In 2003 econ received an inquiry from a service company operating an industrial waste water treatment plant. At the end of the physical-chemical WWT process this client generated metal-hydroxide sludge from his chamber filter presses. Originally he discharged the sludge into skips and brought it to a hazardous waste landfill. At this landfill, a solidification process was used to stabilise ...

  • Phosphate Fertilizer Plants Industry - Pollution Prevention Guidelines

    Introduction Pollution Prevention Guidelines to provide technical advice and guidance to staff and consultants involved in pollution-related projects. The guidelines represent state-of-the-art thinking on how to reduce pollution emissions from the production process. In many cases, the guidelines provide numerical targets for reducing pollution, as well as maximum ...


    By The World Bank

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