source sampling Articles

  • On the right track

    High-speed train manufacturer, CAF, rely on world-class beamforming technology to reduce the noise generated by their trains – helping to make high-speed trains a more viable option for travellers and operators alike. Because of its relatively low levels of CO2 emissions, train travel is considered one of the ...

  • Ferrography Made Easy With The FerroCheck 2000

    The measurement and trending of abnormal ferrous wear debris in machinery lubrication oils is arguably the most significant indicator of machinery health and a key predictor of catastrophic machinery failure. There are several methods available to measure the ferrous content of lubrication oil. ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Webinar Highlights: Microfluidics for macromolecules

    Hi, I’m Jim Murphy, Principal Consulting Chemist at Waters, and I recently collaborated with Lucinda (Cohen) Hittle to present an exciting webinar on the use of microflow chromatography for macromolecules.  Lucinda, a Director of Discovery Bioanalytics at Merck, presented an overview of the use of LC-MS for peptide analysis along with various case studies for in vitro and in vivo ...


    By Waters Corporation

  • Caltech working to solve the world`s energy problems with the help of inVia

    Fossil fuels are the world's main fuel source for transportation, heating and generating electricity. As a by-product, high levels of CO2 are released into the atmosphere. With the drive for sustainable energy production, a method that generates easily-stored fuel from sunlight—and absorbs CO2—is a very attractive proposition. The California Institute of Technology ...


    By Renishaw plc

  • Two Sources are Better Than One – More Choices for Sample Ionization with ESI and APCI

    IntroductionTwo compounds were submitted for molecular weight deter-mination using the 1200L LC/MS. Electrospray Ionization (ESI) is generally the ionization method of choice for compounds analyzed with LC/MS systems. ESI works well for a wide variety of analytes. However, there are instances where particular analytes do not ionize well with ESI. In these cases, a second ionization method, ...


  • Polytopic vector analysis of soil, dust, and serum samples to evaluate exposure sources of PCDD/Fs

    As part of the University of Michigan Dioxin Exposure Study, soil, household dust, and serum samples were collected from over 750 households in five populations around the city of Midland and in Jackson and Calhoun Counties, Michigan, USA. Polytopic vector analysis, a type of receptor model, was applied to better understand the potential sources of polychlorinated dibenzo‐p‐dioxins and ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Source reconstruction: a statistical mechanics perspective

    A Bayesian inference scheme is used to address the problem of general source reconstruction. To this purpose, starting from a simple, physically motivated structure–based representation for a general source distribution, Bayesian probability theory is used to formulate the full joint posterior probability density function for the parameters in this representation. The exploration of the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Fate of hydrocarbon pollutants in source and non-source control sustainable drainage systems

    Sustainable drainage (SuDs) is an established method for managing runoff from developments, and source control is part of accepted design philosophy. However, there are limited studies into the contribution source control makes to pollutant removal, especially for roads. This study examines organic pollutants, total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), in ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Source separated residential composting in the US

    THE Field of Dreams movie theme, “if you build it they will come,” is definitely à propos to source separated residential organics composting. While conducting this year's survey, we asked program managers what they think the key ingredients are to offering households the ability to divert more than just yard trimmings at the curb - a practice that is widely adopted in some Canadian provinces and ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Technical Bulletin: Multilevel Sampling

    The topic of this CL:AIRE Technical Bulletin is multilevel sampling systems for characterising contaminated groundwater. Contaminated groundwater can present considerable problems for landowners: it can occur at significant depth, sources of the contamination are not often obvious, it can migrate from one property to another, and groundwater flow directions can be altered due to seasonal ...


    By Solinst Canada Ltd.

  • Biodegradation Tests for Wastewater Samples

    Biodegradation Tests for Wastewater Samples Biodegradation tests usually involve comparison of the oxygen uptake of a test sample – or gas production for anoxic or anaerobic tests – to that for a readily biodegradable control substrate (usually acetic acid, ethanol, or aniline). While biodegradation characteristics can vary among chemical types and wastewater sources, typical patterns are shown ...


    By Challenge Technology

  • Cryptosporidium source tracking in the potomac river watershed

    To better characterize Cryptosporidium in the Potomac River watershed, a PCR-based genotyping tool was used to analyze 64 base flow and 28 storm flow samples from five sites in the watershed. These sites included two water treatment plant intakes, as well as three upstream sites, each associated with a different type of land use. The uses, including urban wastewater, ...

  • The water environment as a source of potentially pathogenic mycobacteria

    Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are ubiquitous organisms of a wide variety of environmental reservoirs, including natural and municipal water, soil, aerosols, protozoans, animals and humans. Several of these species are potential pathogens which affect human health. The aim of this study was to determine the occurrence of NTM in the water environment. Samples were taken from 13 water-related ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Characterization of ambient aerosols in Northern Thailand and their probable sources

    The present study examines variation of ambient aerosol mass and number concentrations in Chiang Mai, Thailand during winter. Aerosol particle samples were collected and measured at four different sites, representative of urban, industrial, residential and rural areas during daytime between December 2003 and January 2004. Average 10 h particulate matter (PM) mass concentrations were found to be ...

  • Sources of particulate matter: emission profile of biomass burning

    Biomass burning is an important source of atmospheric Particulate Matter (PM) in Brazil: the burning of forests in the northwest and of sugar cane plantations in the southeast are important examples. The objective of this work is the measurement of the PM emission profile of burning of sugar cane and other characteristic vegetative burning in the region of Sao Carlos-SP/Brazil. Samples of PM10 ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Enteric viruses in New Zealand drinking-water sources

    This study determined whether human pathogenic viruses are present in two New Zealand surface waters that are used as drinking-water sources. Enteric viruses were concentrated using hollow-fibre ultrafiltration and detected using PCR for adenovirus (AdV), and reverse transcription PCR for norovirus (NoV) genogroups I-III, enterovirus, rotavirus (RoV) and hepatitis E virus (HEV). Target viruses ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Assessment of source tracking methods for application in spring water

    For discriminating between human and animal faecal contamination in water, microbial source tracking (MST) approaches using different indicators have been employed. In the current study, a range of 10 such MST indicators described in the scientific literature were comparatively assessed. Bacteriophages infecting host strains of Bacteroides (GA-17, GB-124 and ARABA 84) as well as ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • An integrated approach for source contribution estimation: a case study

    The efficiency of the CMB model for source contribution estimate is determined by the availability of accurate source profiles and therefore its use is limited when source profiles are not known. In this study the source contribution estimate of ambient VOC was carried out using the CMB model with the source profiles obtained from the PMF model. The PMF model fitted the monitored dataset very ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Demonstration of an Ethane Spectrometer for Methane Source Identification

    ABSTRACT: Methane is an important greenhouse gas and tropospheric ozone precursor. Simultaneous observation of ethane with methane can help identify specific methane source types. Aerodyne Ethane-Mini spectrometers, employing recently available mid-infrared distributed feedback tunable diode lasers (DFB-TDL), provide 1 s ethane measurements with sub-ppb precision. In this work, an Ethane-Mini ...


    By Aerodyne Research, Inc.

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