source sampling system Articles

  • Use of Diaphragm pumps in Sampling systems

    INTRODUCTION Sample system design can take many forms, influenced by factors including cost, size, maintenance, source conditions, and analyzer requirements – to mention a few. The following discussion takes into account the operating characteristics of a diaphragm pump, and choices that will improve system performance, reduce measurement errors, and lower pump maintenance. Illustrated below are ...


    By Air Dimensions Inc

  • Fate of hydrocarbon pollutants in source and non-source control sustainable drainage systems

    Sustainable drainage (SuDs) is an established method for managing runoff from developments, and source control is part of accepted design philosophy. However, there are limited studies into the contribution source control makes to pollutant removal, especially for roads. This study examines organic pollutants, total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), in ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Spatial analysis for identifying hotspots of EDC and PPCP sources for monitoring systems

    This study utilized spatial analysis to identify hotspots for endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs), pharmaceuticals, and personal care products (PPCPs) using data from potential sources including wastewater treatment plants, National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES)-permitted pollution sources, septic systems, and agricultural and grazing areas. The study area is Lake Mead, to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Determination of water supply sources in the Barcelona distribution system by UV spectrophotometry and PLS

    A new method for the water source apportionment of the Barcelona (Spain) water distribution system is proposed. The method is based on the combined use of UV spectrophotometric measurements in the wavelength from 190–230 nm, and multivariate data analysis using the Partial Least Squares (PLS) chemometric method. From the differences in the organic matter content of the different water sources and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Technical Bulletin: Multilevel Sampling

    The topic of this CL:AIRE Technical Bulletin is multilevel sampling systems for characterising contaminated groundwater. Contaminated groundwater can present considerable problems for landowners: it can occur at significant depth, sources of the contamination are not often obvious, it can migrate from one property to another, and groundwater flow directions can be altered due to seasonal ...


    By Solinst Canada Ltd.

  • Bacterial composition in a metropolitan drinking water distribution system utilizing different source waters

    We investigated the bacterial composition of water samples from two service areas within a drinking water distribution system (DWDS), each associated with a different primary source of water (groundwater, GW; surface water, SW) and different treatment process. Community analysis based on 16S rRNA gene clone libraries indicated that Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium spp.) and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Biodegradation Tests for Wastewater Samples

    Biodegradation Tests for Wastewater Samples Biodegradation tests usually involve comparison of the oxygen uptake of a test sample – or gas production for anoxic or anaerobic tests – to that for a readily biodegradable control substrate (usually acetic acid, ethanol, or aniline). While biodegradation characteristics can vary among chemical types and wastewater sources, typical patterns are shown ...


    By Challenge Technology

  • The water environment as a source of potentially pathogenic mycobacteria

    Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are ubiquitous organisms of a wide variety of environmental reservoirs, including natural and municipal water, soil, aerosols, protozoans, animals and humans. Several of these species are potential pathogens which affect human health. The aim of this study was to determine the occurrence of NTM in the water environment. Samples were taken from 13 water-related ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Source tracking of Enterococcus moraviensis and E. haemoperoxidus

    Enterococci were detected occasionally in 100 L samples of water abstracted from a shallow aquifer in a natural dune infiltration area for drinking water production. Enterococcus moraviensis was the species most frequently identified in these samples. Because there are no existing reports of faecal sources of E. moraviensis and the closely related E. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Occurrence of Aeromonas spp. in a random sample of drinking water distribution systems in the USA

    Aeromonads are aquatic bacteria found in drinking water supplies worldwide. Some species, such as Aeromonas hydrophila, can cause disease in humans. For this survey, 293 United States public water systems were selected using random sampling, stratified by water source and system type. Water samples were collected during one year from three sites (six samples per site) in each system. Temperature, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Ground Water Sampling - A Workshop Summary

    Monitoring purposes have evolved in the past decade reflecting an increasing emphasis on assessment and remedial action performance over detection monitoring. The recognition of many potential contamination sources as well as the regulatory inclusion of a large number of sites in need of investigation have spurred this evolution in practice. New more efficient methods and tools for ...

  • Free-living amoebae isolated from a hospital water system in South Africa: a potential source of nosocomial and occupational infection

    This study investigated the occurrence of free-living amoebae (FLA) in a public hospital in South Africa. A total of 97 water and biofilm samples from the municipal water inlet of the hospital, theatres, theatre sterilization service unit, central sterilization service unit, endoscopy/gastroscopy unit, intensive care unit and the renal unit were collected and examined for the presence of FLA ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Hitting the Bull`s-Eye in Groundwater Sampling

    Many commonly used groundwater sampling techniques and procedures have resulted from methods developed for water supply investigations. These methods have persisted, even though the monitoring goals may have changed from water supply development to contaminant source and plume delineation. Unfortunately, the use of these methods can result in an incorrect understanding of the contaminant ...

  • Groundwater: Low-flow Purging and Sampling

    Significant timesavings, improved sample process integrity, quality assurance and minimal quantities of potentially contaminated purge water to manage - are attractive as the focus on groundwater quality sharpens and economics demand best cost-benefit based methods Water has become a vitally important resource.  Maintaining its quality and quantity and avoiding pollution are set to be ...

  • Predicted no effect concentration (PNEC) derivation as a significant source of variability in environmental hazard assessments of chemicals in aquatic systems: An international analysis

    Environmental hazard assessments for chemicals are performed to define an environmentally ‘safe’ level at which, theoretically, the chemical will not negatively affect any exposed biota. Despite this common goal, the methodologies in use are very diverse across different countries and jurisdictions. This becomes particularly obvious when international scientists work together on documents with ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Use i-FlowLab as your centralized gas source

    Why buy bulk nitrogen when you can make your own? Summary For the last 20 years, Peak Scientific has been specializing in the development, production, sales and service of laboratory gas generators. As an international company with operations all over the world, Peak Scientific has over 18 global offices and a direct local presence in over 20. This includes ...

  • Oil Sampling Best Practices (Part 2)

    Understanding Dynamic Particle Equilibrium in Closed Loop Systems Dynamic Equilibrium Condition (DEC) is defined as a steady state condition where the normal wear rate in a machine results in no net gain or loss of particles. ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Microbial source tracking in highly vulnerable karst drinking water resources

    Water resources situated in areas with underlying karst geology are particularly vulnerable to fecal pollution. In such vulnerable systems, microbial source tracking (MST) methods are useful tools to elucidate the pathways of both animal and human fecal pollution, leading to more accurate water use risk assessments. Here, we describe the application of a MST toolbox using both ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The 10 Key Factors in Selecting a Stack Sampling Firm

    Summary: This document is a summary of the key factors that you should take into consideration when hiring a stack testing firm.This has been prepared in conjunction with the ASTM criteria for standard practice of testing companies.The ASTM criteria has been supplemented, based on 125 years of direct testing experience, which is the combined years of experience of the individuals that contributed ...

  • Incidence of Aeromonas species isolated from water and fish sources of Lake Manzala in Egypt

    Lake Manzala situated in the east of Nile Delta, between the Damietta branch of Nile River and Suez Canal. The lake receives pollution from different sources, which make the lake polluted and eutrophicated. Samples were taken from five sites of the lake. Faecal coliforms showed the highest counts 2.2 × 10³ cfu ml−1 and 4 × 10³ cfu ml ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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