spill characterization Articles

  • Xylene Spill in Northern Georgia

    Groundwater Bioremediation of a Railroad Xylene Spill: Northern Georgia A spill of approximately 50,000 gallons of pure xylene occurred as a result of a train derailment in north central Georgia in 1988.  The spill resulted in two seperate xylene plumes in the groundwater.  Heterogeneous layers of interbedded sands, silts and silty clays undertie the site.  Most of the site can be ...

  • Quantifying population‐level risks using an individual‐based model: Sea otters, Harlequin Ducks, and the Exxon Valdez oil spill

    Ecological risk assessments need to advance beyond evaluating risks to individuals that are largely based on toxicity studies conducted on a few species under laboratory conditions, to assessing population‐level risks to the environment, including considerations of variability and uncertainty. Two individual‐based models (IBMs), recently developed to assess current risks to sea otters and ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • X-Ray Radiographic Investigation of Perchloroethylene Migration at the Livingston Derailment Site

    X-ray radiography of soil cores was used as the primary test method to determine the reasons for the permeation of perchloroethylene into apparently impermeable clay layers at a hazardous chemical spill site. X-ray powder diffractometry, scanning electron microscopy, and chemical analysis were also performed to characterize the materials and structures observed in the soil cores through X ...


    By ASTM International

  • Benthic microbial loop and meiofaunal response to oil-induced disturbance in coastal sediments: a review

    This review of benthic microbial loop and meiofaunal response to oil-induced disturbance describes examples from field investigations on some of the major oil spills of the past 20 years. It focuses on the microbial and meiofaunal compartments that, being characterized by short generation time, life cycle, sensitivity to environmental disturbance, are expected to respond rapidly to environmental ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Effects‐driven chemical fractionation of heavy fuel oil to isolate compounds toxic to trout embryos

    Heavy Fuel Oil (HFO) spills account for approximately 60% of ship‐source oil spills and are up to fifty times more toxic than medium and light crude oils. HFOs contain elevated concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) and alkyl‐PAH, known to be toxic to fish, however little direct characterization of HFO toxicity has been reported. An effects‐driven chemical fractionation ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • What is Environmental Restoration?

    The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Environmental Restoration Program directs the assessment and cleanup of inactive sites and surplus facilities contaminated from previous defense and non-defense-related programs. All cleanup activities must comply with federal, state, Indian Nation, and local laws and regulations. In completing environmental restoration activities, DOE is committed to ...

  • Implementing SPCC Requirements and Storm Water BMPS at a Large Industrial Facility

    ABSTRACTRecently, much attention has been focused on storm water pollution prevention and spill management. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) issued its Final Rule for Oil Pollution Prevention (40 CFR Part 112) on July 17, 2002, making major changes to the original rule issued in 1973. Facilities subject to this regulation must amend their Spill Prevention, Control, and ...

  • Synopsis Available for 2016 U.S.-EU: Bridging NanoEHS Research Efforts Joint Workshop

    The synopsis is available for the June 6-7, 2016, U.S.-European Union (EU) Nano Environmental and Health Safety (NanoEHS) Research Efforts joint workshop. According to the synopsis, the first day of the workshop was devoted to an interactive nanoEHS scrimmage in which the groups collectively ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • Maintaining Factory Settings with Pressure Washing Equipment

    Maintaining a factory is of prime importance in order to allow operations to run smoothly. Cleaning a factory may also be necessary due to a number of other reasons. For instance, if a food processing plant is not maintained on a regular basis, food and grease deposits can make the entire place unhygienic and eventually affect the quality of products manufactured. However, it is also a fact ...


    By Daimer Industries Inc.

  • Program developed to ensure long-term O&M and performance of vapor intrusion mitigation

    EPA Region 7 has developed a comprehensive VI program to address the installation and long-term operation and maintenance (O&M) of VI mitigation systems, as well as assessment sampling for future systems, in homes near the Chemical Commodities, Inc. Superfund site (CCI). Region 7's VI Program Implementation Manual, which describes decision processes and procedures as well as roles and ...

  • Soil Flushing

    Introduction In situ soil flushing is the extraction of contaminants from the soil with water or other suitable aqueous solutions. Soil flushing is accomplished by passing the extraction fluid through in-place soils using an injection or infiltration process. Extraction fluids must be recovered from the underlying aquifer and, when possible, they are recycled. Cosolvent Enhancement Cosolvent ...

  • Handyman`s Special!

    In January of 1998, Lou Ann and Kelvin Washington were in the market for a new home, away from their hectic jobs in Denver. They found their piece of heaven high on a hilltop in South Park, Colorado. But their new dream home came with some problems, including a power system that was not the best introduction to renewable energy. The house is 2,600 square feet (242 m2), passive solar, and ...


    By Solar Energy International

  • Internal Auditing for Compliance & EMS Performance

    Many companies today conduct their own environmental audits to monitor compliance and keep management informed of environmental performance. Why is this important? If you ask these companies, you will generally hear this reason Risk management The liabilities resulting from noncompliance with environmental regulations can be severe, and include both monetary penalties and personal ...


    By ERS Global

  • Organic Strategies for Today`s Business Environment

    In Today’s Business Environment, Successful Businesses Use Organic Strategies To Add Value Organic Strategies Assure Businesses Minimize Risk, Maximize Value And Optimize Performance while achieving hit ratios in excess of 90% Today’s globally transparent business environment, feeding off the information highway, has brought an end to some traditional business/sales theories. In a global ...


  • Taking Fossil Fuels to the Next Level - Standards Underpin Extraction, Processing and Distribution

    To the average person, the oil and gas industry may appear simple — a matter of literally tapping into a natural resource and distributing it to customers. Of course the matter of extraction is rarely simple, and in the case of emergent hydraulic fracturing technology, it is particularly complex and capital-intensive. In fact, the world of petroleum and natural gas extraction, distribution ...


    By ASTM International

  • Internal Auditing for Compliance & EMS Performance

    Untitled Document Many companies today conduct their own environmental audits to monitor compliance and keep management informed of environmental performance. ...


    By ERS Global

  • Environmental Insurance: Finding a Good Tailor

     An article by this author in the December 1999 issue of Brownfield News analyzed two new environmental insurance products, the cleanup cost cap and pollution liability policies, which have proven to be key factors in the success of some contaminated property transactions. The article explained that, to achieve this success, environmental insurance experts need to tailor the policy to the ...

  • Environmental Health & Safety Liability Assessment Systems

    An excerpt from the book, "Information Technology Solutions for EHS Professionals," by Thomas J. Morahan, Vice President of EHS Technology at InteGreyted, International ...


  • PSM: Just another Government Regulation, or Industry Best Practice?

    Process Safety Management (PSM) is addressed by OSHA in their standard for highly hazardous chemicals (29 CFR 1910.119). If the standard applies to your company, you likely already know a fair bit about the 14 elements of PSM and how they work together to manage hazards and minimize risk. However, increasingly companies are turning to PSM as a best practice, regardless of whether they are engaged ...


    By Intelex Technologies Inc.

  • 2013 Predictions for EPA`s Office of Chemical Safety and Pollution Prevention

    Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.'s (B&C) thoughts are below on what may be headed our way in 2013 from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Office of Chemical Safety and Pollution Prevention (OCSPP). Although the 2012 Presidential Election is over, environmental issues will continue to be used to make distinctions between the two parties (or between the House and Senate). Speculation ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

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