spray tower Articles

  • Desalination using spray tower and vapour compression refrigeration system

    A desalination system using a spray tower and Vapour Compression Refrigeration (VCR) system is proposed for obtaining fresh water from brackish water. In the spray tower, simultaneous heat and mass transfer take place between the brackish water and air, which results in the evaporation of the brackish water and humidification of the air. Fresh water is obtained from the humidified air by ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Cleaning the Air We Breathe, Coal Fired Power Plant - Case Study

    By cleaning flue gases from coal power plants, the amount of environmentally hazardous emissions can be sharply reduced. Mist elimination from Munters is a critical part of this process. Munters has worked with leading power generating companies for decades and have through testing and follow up built an extensive parameter database and design tool to be able to adapt and optimize results based ...


    By Munters Zeol Division

  • Stochastic modeling approaches based on neural network and linear–nonlinear regression techniques for the determination of single droplet collection efficiency of countercurrent spray towers

    This paper presents a new mathematical model and a two-layer neural network approach to predict the single droplet collection efficiency (SDCE), η  d, of countercurrent spray towers. SDCE values were calculated using MATLAB® algorithm for 205 different artificial scenarios given in a large range of operating conditions. Theoretical results were compared with outputs obtained from a ...


    By Springer

  • "A Non-Chemical Water Treatment for Cooling Towers"

    Untitled Document Introduction This paper will describe a case study of a ...


    By Dolphin WaterCare

  • Numerical Simulation of Spray Pattern in a Liquid Flashing Column

    Spray columns and towers are fundamental in many industrial applications. Understanding the spray pattern in these dynamic environments is very important in the design of an overall spray system solution. Traditional laboratory physical experiments can be time-consuming, expensive, and sometimes impossible to complete. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modeling can be used effectively in this ...


    By Spraying Systems Co.

  • G & G Orchards resolve their Cooling Tower Limescale problem - Case Study

    G&G Orchards in Yakima is the only Hispanic-owned packing house in Washington. Today, that operation includes some 800 acres of orchards, a packing house, and a controlled atmosphere cold storage facility. They also produce late season cherries in the most sought after varieties. They wished to remove and prevent limescale in their cooling tower and to reduce their use of chemicals. A P120 ...


    By Hydropath Holdings Ltd

  • Pulp & Paper: Ammonia Emergency Plan calls on Packed Tower Case Study

    A few years ago Union Camp turned a corner. Management decided that advance planning would take the place of reacting after the fact to an emergency or regulatory agency demands. At Union Camp’s Dover, OH. facility, byproducts of the paper industry are converted into usable specialty chemicals for cosmetics, adhesives and other industries. Crystallization is a process used intensively ...


    By CR Clean Air Group, LLC

  • Direct contact heat transfer using No. 2 Type-K Tellerette® Tower Packing

    A customer with a sulfuric acid reclamation facility needed to cool a saturated air stream or closed loop process operation. The 10,000 CFM air stream at 165° F. had to be cooled to 110°F. The existing equipment was only able to achieve 125°F. Cooling liquid availability included a large quantity of processed water at 110°F and a smaller amount of city water at 55°F. Verantis recommended ...

  • Case History - Ammonia Emergency Plan Calls on Packed Tower to Scrub Released Chemicals

    Croll-Reynolds designed the Union Camp packed tower scrubber for ammonia removal efficiency at 99+% for the minimum single valve release and well over 90% for the entire range of operation. A few years ago Union Camp turned a corner. Management decided that advance planning would take the place of reacting after the fact to an emergency or regulatory agency demands. At Union Camp's Dover, OH, ...


  • Chemical Industry: Ammonia Emergency Plan Calls on Packed Tower to Scrub Released Chemicals Case Study

    A few years ago Union Camp turned a corner. Management decided that advance planning would take the place of reacting after the fact to an emergency or regulatory agency demands. At Union Camp’s Dover, OH. facility, byproducts of the paper industry are converted into usable specialty chemicals for cosmetics, adhesives and other industries. Crystallization is a process used intensively with ...


    By CR Clean Air Group, LLC

  • Hurricane HR Cyclones to Reduce Particulate Matter (PM) emissions under 75mg/Nm3 from a drying Tower of Powder Milk - Case Study

    Foreword Advanced Cyclone Systems, S.A. (ACS) designed and supplied a Hurricane Cyclone System for Nestlé, the world’s leading nutrition, health and wellness company. Nestlé which is based in Linda-a-Velha (Oeiras, Portugal), has 4 production plants and 25 distribution centers spread across the country. ACS’s system was installed in the production plant ...

  • CFD Analysis of Gas Cooling

    In many industrial processes, hot gas is cooled down due to the evaporation (boiling) of sprayed droplets. The effects of two different atomizer types, inner mixing air atomizing nozzles and flow back nozzles, on the cooling behavior inside a spray tower for a typical flue gas are discussed. The heat and mass transfer is computed using computational fluid dynamics (CFD). The interaction between ...


    By Spraying Systems Co.

  • Environmental impact assessment of a new thermal power plant Šoštanj Block 6 in highly complex terrain

    Slovenia is starting an important investment - Block 6 of the thermal power plant in Šoštanj located in the Velenje basin and characterised by very complex terrain. Air pollution examination as part of the environmental impact assessment is an interesting example of usage of the modern Lagrangian particle model Spray coupled with the diagnostic mass consistent wind field model ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Kimre Mist Eliminators in Sulfuric Acid Plants

    B-GON® Mist Eliminators are widely used in the gas cleaning and contact section of sulfuric acid plants. Metallurgical, Oleum Producing, Sulfur Burning, and Regeneration Plants rely on the mist eliminators in the drying towers, absorption towers, and many other units to protect the quality of the product acid, protect downstream equipment from corrosion, protect the catalysts, and ultimately ...


    By Kimre, Inc.

  • Chemical Industry: Wet Scrubbing HCL & SiCl4 Fumes Case Study

    This two-stage scrubbing system utilizes a jet venturi scrubber in conjunction with a counter current packed tower including entrainment mist eliminator. It was designed to eliminate the HCl (hydrochloric acid) fumes generated when SiC14 (silicon tetrachloride) comes in contact with moisture during processing operations at a zirconium processing tank farm, and also the remaining small amount of ...


    By CR Clean Air Group, LLC

  • Effective Temperature Control for Cement Kiln Off-Gases

    INTRODUCTIONEffective off-gas temperature control without unwanted side effects can be achieved in many cement plants with state-of-the-art evaporative spray technology. Gas temperatures have elevated in recent years from as low as 180°C to over 370°C. This is coincident with a higher proportion of 'dry' operation kilns. Evaporative cooling water sprays in conditioning towers, ducts or at the ...


  • Refinery boiler FGD Pemex

    A large boiler company required a FGD system for two, 200,000 lbs/hr fuel oil boilers for a refinery in Mexico. Macrotek competed with major air pollution suppliers and succeeded to win the contract. The scope included two spray towers, all auxiliary components, pumping packages, a forced oxidation system, piping, and controls. In addition, integral stacks were included for the overall height of ...


    By Macrotek Inc.

  • Evaporator reduces wastewater volume for dakota gasification

    Evaporator integral to stringent zero liquid discharge (zld) waste requirements American Natural Gas (ANG) developed a coal gasification project in Beulah, North Dakota in the early 1980’s to produce pipeline gas and various other products. Basin Electric, the local utility, acquired the plant in 1988 and renamed it Dakota Gasification. The Problem ...

  • Cogen plant produces distilled water for resale

    The Facility Panda Energy’s power plant located in Brandywine, Maryland is a cogeneration facility that produces electricity by using gas and steam turbines. The Problem The objective of Panda Energy was to achieve Qualified Facilities (QF) status at their Maryland location. To achieve this, they had to produce distilled water using the steam from ...

  • Wet Scrubbing HCL & SiCl4 Fumes

    This two-stage scrubbing system utilizes a jet venturi scrubber in conjunction with a counter current packed tower including entrainment mist eliminator. It was designed to eliminate the HC1 (hydrochloric acid) fumes generated when S1C14 (silicon tetrachioride) comes in contact with moisture cluring processing operations at a zirconium processing tank farrn, and also the remaining smail amount of ...


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