stack opacity Articles

  • Controlling Stack Emissions in the Wood Products Industry

    Electrostatic precipitation has been a reliable technology since the early 1900's. Originally developed to abate serious smoke nuisances, the manufacturers of zinc, copper, and lead quickly found electric gas cleaning a cost efficient way to recover valuable product carried out of the stacks from furnace operations. Today electrostatic precipitators are found mainly on large power plants, cement ...


  • An analysis of extinction coefficients of particles and water moisture in the stack after flue gas desulfurization at a coal-fired power plant

    Two important factors that affect in-stack opacity—light extinction by emitted particles and that by water moisture after a flue gas desulfurization (FGD) unit—are investigated. The mass light extinction coefficients for particles and water moisture, kp and kw, respectively, were determined using the Lambert-Beer law of opacity with a nonlinear least-squares regression method. The ...

  • Compliance to standards in continuous emissions monitoring case study

    Customer: Glass Manufacturer Application: Continuous Emissions Monitoring Service (CEMS) for Glass Manufacturing Background: A glass factory is required to ...


    By Ecotech Pty Ltd

  • Incineration Industry: Scrubber on Sludge Incinerator Reduces Atmospheric Emissions Case Study

    Aberdeen Sewage Treatment Plant in Aberdeen, Washington started up their new Electric Infrared Incinerator in May, 1981. The sewage sludge incinerator, product of Shirco, Inc., needed a pollution control device in order to meet state, local and federal requirements for atmospheric emissions, according to the emissions test on the unit performed January, 1982. Chosen was a Model 24×24- ...


    By CR Clean Air Group, LLC

  • Navigating NSPS subpart Db for boilers: a case study

    Over the past year, Trinity assisted a chemical company with the permitting and installation of a new 220 MMBtu/hr package boiler. The new natural gas-fired boiler replaces coal-fired units that were installed in the 1940s. Navigating through the numerous, and at times conflicting, regulatory requirements applicable to such a unit has been challenging. With careful planning and implementation, ...


    By Trinity Consultants

  • Proposed boiler MACT sets aggressive emission limits

    On June 4, 2010, U.S. EPA proposed National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) for industrial, commercial, and institutional boilers and process heaters at both major and area sources of hazardous air pollutants (HAP) emissions.  EPA proposed separate rules for units at major sources of HAP emissions (greater than 10 tons per year [tpy] of any single HAP and/or greater ...


    By Trinity Consultants

  • EPA finalizes boiler NESHAP

    EPA published the final National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) for industrial, commercial, and institutional boilers and process heaters at both major and area sources of hazardous air pollutants (HAP) emissions. EPA developed separate rules for units at major sources of HAP emissions (greater than 10 tons per year [tpy] of any single HAP and/or greater than 25 tpy of ...


    By Trinity Consultants

  • Final CISWI rule

    On March 21, 2011, in parallel with publication of the Boiler National Emission Standard for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) rules and the Non-Hazardous Secondary Material (NHSM) rule, EPA promulgated the final updates to the New Source Performance Standards (NSPS) and Emission Guidelines (EG) for Existing CISWI Units, collectively referred to as the “2011 CISWI Rules.”1 The 2011 ...


    By Trinity Consultants

  • Tuning Your Boiler for Fuel Savings – Out with the Old in with the New Technology

    The USA has about 811,000 MW of installed generation and over 52% of our Electric power is produced by aging coal fired power plants. The average utility boiler furnace was designed about 30-40 years ago. According to DOE records, the average boiler in 1974 was fired with 80% bituminous coal. Now, western PRB coal is much more prevalent and represents about 50% of total coal ...

  • Textile Industry: Air Pollution Control Through Wet Scrubbers, High Energy Venturi Scrubbers, Packed Bed Scrubbers and Other Technologies

    Wet Scrubbers, High Energy Venturi Scrubbers, Packed Bed Scrubbers are an excellent solution for air pollution in the textile industry. The textile industry is plagued by air pollution problems which must be resolved. In particular, smoke and odor arising in the process require abatement. Air pollution control technology is available today which will serve the textile industry well ...


    By CR Clean Air Group, LLC

  • Continous Emission Monitoring (CEMs)

    Presented in Track B1: CEMs at EUEC 2011,January 31 Phoenix, Arizona   B1.1  | Particulate CEM for wet FGD plant William Averdieck |  Managing ...

  • Magnetic Fuel Treatment Bottom Line Analysis

    BOTTOM LINE ANALYSIS This cost savings analysis was prepared in cooperation with Master Chief Hill of the US Coast Guard Maintenance & Logistics Command using data from the 82’ Cutter Pt. Chico, and 110’ Cutters Anacapa and Long Island over a period of two years when ALGAE-X® performance was monitored and evaluated. Installation of ALGAE-X® units in Diesel Engine applications results in ...


    By AXI International

  • Emission Testing and Monitoring

    Presented in Track B4: EMISSION TESTING & MONITORING at EUEC 2011, January 31 Phoenix, Arizona B4.1  | Update on PM2.5 and Condensable Particulate Matter Emissions Measurement Methods Larry Hottenstein |  Partner, Environmental Resources Management Following the promulgation of the PM2.5 ...

  • Air Pollution Control: Ready for the 21st Century

    The textile industry is plagued by air pollution problems which must be resolved. In particular, smoke and odor arising in the process require abatement. Air pollution control technology is available today which will serve the textile industry well into the 21st century. The nature of the problem The major air pollution problem in the textile industry occurs during the finishing stages, ...


  • Case History - Air Pollution Control in the Textile Industry: a Technology for the 21st Century

    The textile industry is plagued by air pollution problems which must be resolved. In particular, smoke and odor arising in the process require abatement. Air pollution control technology is available today which will serve the textile industry well into the 21st century. The nature of the problem The major air pollution problem in the textile industry occurs during the finishing stages, ...


  • Total solution: Gas and particulate analysis in Cement industry

    Cement plants are increasingly required to install continuous emission monitoring systems (CEMS). While these represent a significant financial outlay, a range of other factors also need to be considered when selecting a suitable CEMS. To the inexperienced, selecting a suitable CEM can mistakenly be considered as simply ensuring that the applicable national regulations (eg MACT in the USA, ...


    By Environnement S.A

  • Global solution: Gas and particulate analysis in Cement industry

    Cement plants are increasingly required to install continuous emission monitoring systems (CEMS). While these represent a significant financial outlay, a range of other factors also need to be considered when selecting a suitable CEMS. To the inexperienced, selecting a suitable CEM can mistakenly be considered as simply ensuring that the applicable national regulations (eg MACT in the USA, ...


    By Environnement S.A

  • New laser-based dust emission monitoring system

    Abstract A new generation of continuous particulate matter concentration monitoring instruments is presented, covering a measuring range of 0 to 1000 mg/m3. The laser-based scattered light instrument gives an improved stability as well as excellent resolution in the low range. This enables high concentration measurement as well as especially low emission monitoring down to 0.01 mg/m3 with a ...


    By Sigrist-Photometer AG

  • Effective Temperature Control for Cement Kiln Off-Gases

    INTRODUCTIONEffective off-gas temperature control without unwanted side effects can be achieved in many cement plants with state-of-the-art evaporative spray technology. Gas temperatures have elevated in recent years from as low as 180°C to over 370°C. This is coincident with a higher proportion of 'dry' operation kilns. Evaporative cooling water sprays in conditioning towers, ducts or at the ...


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