stacked clarifier Articles

  • Tax Credit Tips For Biogas Projects

    With the end of 2016 in plain view, anaerobic digestion (AD) projects in the development phase should examine what has to happen by December 31 in order to tap into available federal tax credits. Under current law, Section 45 of the federal tax code makes AD projects eligible for a Production Tax Credit (PTC), which can be converted into an Investment Tax Credit (ITC), if the projects are used to ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • A Critical Evaluation of the South African Air Quality Offsets Guideline

    There is wide recognition in South Africa to the link between the quality of life and quality of the air we breathe. The Department of Environmental Affairs (DEA) attempts to improve air quality through two key regulatory tools; emission limits, which regulate the maximum concentration of certain pollutants permissible within certain, ‘listed’ industrial stacks or vents, and ambient ...


    By WKC Group

  • An analysis of extinction coefficients of particles and water moisture in the stack after flue gas desulfurization at a coal-fired power plant

    Two important factors that affect in-stack opacity—light extinction by emitted particles and that by water moisture after a flue gas desulfurization (FGD) unit—are investigated. The mass light extinction coefficients for particles and water moisture, kp and kw, respectively, were determined using the Lambert-Beer law of opacity with a nonlinear least-squares regression method. The ...

  • Grana-Localized Proteins, RIQ1 and RIQ2, Affect the Organization of Light-Harvesting Complex II and Grana Stacking in Arabidopsis

    Abstract Grana are stacked thylakoid membrane structures in land plants that contain photosystem II (PSII) and light-harvesting complex II proteins (LHCIIs). We isolated two Arabidopsis mutants, reduced induction of non-photochemical quenching (riq1 and riq2), in which stacking of grana was enhanced. The curvature thylakoid 1a curt1a) mutant was previously shown to lack grana structure. ...


    By H Smith Plastics LTD

  • Atmospheric dispersion modelling for regulatory purposes in the United Kingdom

    Short-range atmospheric dispersion models are used to assess the environmental impact of airborne pollutants from industrial plants. The results are of interest to a range of specialist and non-specialist groups, including regulators, operators, environmental organisations, and local residents. In order that these groups can be well-informed, it is important to develop clear and consistent ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Benzaco scientific`s ODOR-ARMOR® helps meet operational acceptance within a community

    The Problem - Since 1997, a Northeastern United States recycled paper mill has been under the scrutiny of the Department of Enviromental Protection (DEP) for odor complaints from the surrounding community. The neighboring community had the power to close the plant because of the smells. Either the mill resolved the odor problems or the DEP and the community would force the plant to close. ...


    By Benzaco Scientific, Inc.

  • Summarizing the fundamentals of fugitive emission tracking

    Fugitive emission tracking for a number of key industries is now a focus for the United States and a number of other countries. When a hazardous leak occurs it is important to identify and gauge the amount and type of substance emitted. Officials will gain a better understanding of the challenge posed by greenhouse gases, as they affect global warming. When an unexpected leak of a hazardous ...


    By Verisae

  • Fixed activated sludge treatment (FAST®) process technology overview

    Biological treatment systems for small communities and even single-family dwellings have been available in the general water pollution control market for many years. These systems are basically scaled-down versions of the activated sludge process, utilizing suspended growth systems. Historically, the main operational problem associated with these systems has been the management of the sludge ...


    By Bio-Microbics, Inc.

  • Workplace falls get fresh attention

    The U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is tackling a major source of industrial injuries — slips, trips and falls on workplace surfaces. On May 24, OSHA proposed significant revisions to Subparts D and I of the general industry standards dealing with walkingworking surfaces and personal protective equipment (PPE), respectively. This column outlines the reasons why ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • Navigating NSPS subpart Db for boilers: a case study

    Over the past year, Trinity assisted a chemical company with the permitting and installation of a new 220 MMBtu/hr package boiler. The new natural gas-fired boiler replaces coal-fired units that were installed in the 1940s. Navigating through the numerous, and at times conflicting, regulatory requirements applicable to such a unit has been challenging. With careful planning and implementation, ...


    By Trinity Consultants

  • Methods of Water Purification

    This article is excerpted from 'Pure Water Handbook' published by Osmonics®, Inc. of Minnetonka, Minnesota USA and is printed with permission of Osmonics, Inc. Water treatment can be defined as any procedure or method used to alter the chemical composition or natural 'behavior' of a water supply. Water supplies are classified as either surface water or groundwater. The majority of public or ...

  • SBR Wastewater Treatment Provides Large Clean-up on Small Site

    One of the largest capacity wastewater treatment plants in Europe is under construction on a small plot of land at Ringsend, on Dublin Bay in Ireland. Sequencing batch reactor (SBR) technology and 100,000 diffusers from ITT Industries' Sanitarie unit was selected to meet the challenging waste treatment needs for this site. When Dublin's wastewater treatment plant was built in the 1970s, it ...


  • Total solution: Gas and particulate analysis in Cement industry

    Cement plants are increasingly required to install continuous emission monitoring systems (CEMS). While these represent a significant financial outlay, a range of other factors also need to be considered when selecting a suitable CEMS. To the inexperienced, selecting a suitable CEM can mistakenly be considered as simply ensuring that the applicable national regulations (eg MACT in the USA, ...


    By Environnement S.A

  • Global solution: Gas and particulate analysis in Cement industry

    Cement plants are increasingly required to install continuous emission monitoring systems (CEMS). While these represent a significant financial outlay, a range of other factors also need to be considered when selecting a suitable CEMS. To the inexperienced, selecting a suitable CEM can mistakenly be considered as simply ensuring that the applicable national regulations (eg MACT in the USA, ...


    By Environnement S.A

  • EPA finalizes boiler NESHAP

    EPA published the final National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) for industrial, commercial, and institutional boilers and process heaters at both major and area sources of hazardous air pollutants (HAP) emissions. EPA developed separate rules for units at major sources of HAP emissions (greater than 10 tons per year [tpy] of any single HAP and/or greater than 25 tpy of ...


    By Trinity Consultants

  • Odor Control Advances at Composting Facility

    The Rockland County (New York) Cocomposting Facility began operations in February, 1999, processing biosolids from the five publicly owned treatment works (POTWs) in the county. The Rockland County Solid Waste Management Authority (RCSWMA) owns the facility, but contracted with Waste Management of New York to design, build and operate (DBO) the 110 wet tons/day agitated bin composting facility ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • EPA Proposed “Franken-MACT” for Utilities

    EPA published the highly anticipated proposed Maximum Available Control Technology (MACT) Standard for the utility sector (40 CFR 63 Subpart UUUUU). When considered together with the growing list of proposed and final rules impacting the utility sector (Transport Rule/Cross-State Rule, Coal Combustion Byproducts Rule, Cooling Water Intake Rule, Regional Haze Rule, revised National Ambient Air ...


    By Trinity Consultants

  • Home, Sweet Wastewater Building

    How can a wastewater treatment plant embedded into a neighborhood not use much landmass and be environmentally friendly and user-friendly all at the same time? One system aims to do all of the above. Why should a wastewater treatment plant always have to look like, well, a wastewater treatment plant?  A visual trip through project files of Aqueonics Inc., based in Greenville, SC, reveals photos ...


    By Aqueonics, Inc.

  • Site Vulnerability Assessments for Facilities That Use, Store, or Transport Chemicals

    In response to pressing issues facing the new Department of Homeland Security, over 15,000 chemical and industrial plants may have to evaluate their vulnerability to terrorist attack and improve countermeasures at their facilities. Federal lawmakers are considering two bills requiring facilities to submit site security plans: the Chemical Security Act (Senate Bill S. 157, reintroduced in January, ...


    By AECOM

  • Final CISWI rule

    On March 21, 2011, in parallel with publication of the Boiler National Emission Standard for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) rules and the Non-Hazardous Secondary Material (NHSM) rule, EPA promulgated the final updates to the New Source Performance Standards (NSPS) and Emission Guidelines (EG) for Existing CISWI Units, collectively referred to as the “2011 CISWI Rules.”1 The 2011 ...


    By Trinity Consultants

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