steam turbine Articles

  • Cogeneration steam power desalting plants using steam turbines

    This paper presents the reasons and merits of using cogeneration generation power desalting plants (CPDP), the different methods used to rate their performance, and their drawbacks. The ratings of the CPDP are crucial, because the fuel cost allocation between the water and power depends on the rating method used. The ratings are usually based on the first and the second laws of thermodynamics. A ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Exergy analysis of the steam-injected gas turbine

    In this paper, the effect of steam injection in the combustion chamber on the exergy efficiency of a gas turbine was investigated. Cycle exergy efficiency, net power output and exergy destruction have been calculated for different mass flow rates and temperature of the injected steam. The range of variation of the mass flow rate was between 0 and 5.24% of the design air flow rate, and the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Reduced Emissions for Landfill Gas Installations

    The use of landfill gas as a source of renewable energy is increasing. For environmental and safety reasons, the owners of the waste storage sites have to strictly monitor and control the construction, operations, and emissions generated. Sulzer offers solutions to control these emissions within the limits given by the government. Landfill gas is similar to natural gas, but it is created by ...


    By Sulzer

  • Numerical simulation of a large power steam turbine run-up

    The purpose of this paper is to propose a new behavioural evaluation of a large steam turbine during the run-up period based on a numerical simulation of the transient fluid dynamic processes that occur in the turbine during start-up. The transient process begins when the run-up valve starts its opening trip and ends when the rotor speed achieves the required value. This original approach is a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Comparative study of steam injection effects on operation of gas turbine cycles

    In the present work, gas turbine cycles are modified with steam injection between the combustion chamber exit and the gas turbine inlet. Heat recovery steam generators, utilising the exhaust gases, provide these cycles with the injected steam at saturated vapour. The irreversibility of the different composing units of the cycles and the variation of gas properties owing to steam injection as well ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • In situ weld repair of blade tenon of steam turbine in a power plant

    During one of the routine inspections in a nuclear power plant, it was found that a tenon of one of the third-stage blades of the Low-Pressure (LP) turbine had been worn/broken off the turbine blade, leaving only the remaining tenon riveted to the shroud piece. With only one of the two tenons remaining, the blade was at risk of getting freed from the shroud piece. Hence, it was necessary to ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The 700?C steam turbine power plant ? status of development and outlook

    This paper appraises the current development status of the 700?C steam power plant under consideration of process optimisation as well as design aspects of the steam turbine and steam generator. The results for a compact arrangement of the steam turbine and steam generator are also presented. Based on a cycle analysis, a net efficiency between 49.3% and 51.4% can be achieved with the 700?C steam ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Steam Turbine Rotor Transient Thermo-Structural Analysis and Lifetime Prediction

    Market requirements for faster and more frequent power unit start-up events result in a much faster deterioration of equipment, and a shorter equipment lifespan. Significant heat exchange occurs between steam and turbine rotors during the start-up process and even more intensive heat exchange takes place during the condensation phase in cold start-up mode, which leads to further thermal stresses ...


    By SoftInWay Inc.

  • Power Substation and a Gas-Fired Combustion Turbine and Heat Recovery Steam Generator

    B&V Energy expands the world's largest nitrogen plant by constructing a cogeneration plant supplying the additional power needed to reach resources deep in Mexico's offshore oil field. Metropolitan Mexico City has a population of approximately 20 million and is one of the most densely populated areas in the world, requiring an extraordinary amount of gas and oil to satisfy its growing energy ...


    By Black & Veatch Corporation

  • Performance of water/steam injected gas turbine power plants consisting of standard gas turbines and turbo expanders

    The present study was done to investigate the performance differences in terms of thermal efficiency and specific power output of: combined cycle power plants with integration of low temperature regenerative heat, standard gas turbines operated in wet cycle mode, turbo expanders and steam turbines (here: alternatives); combined cycle power plants with integration of low temperature regenerative ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Exergoeconomic optimisation of steam power plant

    The second law of thermodynamics combined with economics forms a powerful tool for systematic analysis and assessment of energy systems. This paper presents an exergoeconomic optimisation of 50 MW steam turbine power plant associated with a large fertiliser industrial unit through Thermoeconomic Evaluation and Optimisation (TEO) method, and identifies the losses in various components. As the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Technical and economic analyses of a hydrogen-fed gas turbine with steam injection and co-generation

    Enel has been working on a hydrogen programme dealing with both hydrogen production and uses. The first phase deals with a hydrogen-fed, gas turbine-based co-generative cycle, in which steam injection in the gas turbine itself is adopted in order to couple high process efficiencies with very low nitrous oxide emissions. This paper presents the main results of the co-generative cycle thermodynamic ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Sensitivity analysis and thermo-economic optimisation of Steam Injected Gas Turbine cycle design parameters

    The purpose of the present work is to apply thermo-economic concepts to a Steam Injected Gas Turbine (STIG) electricity generation system and optimise it to indicate its economical advantages over a simple gas turbine. The system incorporates a combustion chamber, gas turbine, a compressor and a Heat Recovery Steam Generator (HRSG). A detailed sensitivity analysis was also performed to examine ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Turbine condensers for propylene production

    Propylene is one of the most important compounds in the chemical industry. It's primarily used to make the plastic polypropylene, but also in many other processes. A propylene factory in Ningbo, China set Körting Hannover AG an exceptional process-engineering challenge. It appointed the company to design special turbine condensers to produce 600,000 tonnes of propylene per year. The ...


    By Körting Hannover AG

  • Thermodynamic evaluation of gas turbines for cogeneration applications

    In this paper, the first and second laws of thermodynamics have been utilised to evaluate the performance of intercooled reheat regenerative gas turbine cogeneration plant. The effects of overall pressure ratio, cycle temperature ratio, pressure losses, and process steam pressure on energetic and exergetic efficiencies have been investigated. The results indicate that most of the exergy ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Exergoeconomic analysis of a Kalina cycle coupled coal–fired steam power plant

    This paper presents exergoeconomic analysis of a Kalina cycle coupled coal–fired steam power plant using specific exergy costing (SPECO) methodology. Cost–balance and auxiliary equations are developed and solved. The results indicate that in the topping cycle, the boiler and the turbine contribute maximum to the formation of product cost. High value of exergoeconomic factor for the boiler ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • NOx formation by steam injection using detailed chemical kinetics

    In order to improve thermal efficiency of gas turbine system and better control NOx emission, the injection of steam into a gas turbine combustor has been employed. This study has used both chemical equilibrium calculations and the counterflow diffusion flame calculations of methane-air flame aiming at the elucidation of the NOx reduction mechanism due to the steam injection. The influence of the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Gas turbine compliance emissions test case study

    CKwas retained by Lake Road Generating Company, LP (Lake Road) to conduct a compliance emissions test program on three combustion turbine and heat recovery steam generators (CT/HRSG). The purpose of this program is to demonstrate that emissions from the CT/HRSGs are within the emission limits specified in the operating permit issued by the Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection ...


    By CK Environmental, Inc.

  • A Structured Approach to Steam System Improvement through Utility System Design and Optimisation

    Optimal operation of site utility systems is becoming an increasingly important part of any successful business strategy as environmental, legislative and commercial pressures grow. A reliable steam model allows a clear understanding of the system and of any operational constraints. It can also be used to determine the true cost of improvement projects, relating any changes in steam demand back ...

  • Optimisation of the part-flow evaporative gas turbine cycles based on the exergy method

    The evaporative gas turbine cycle is a new high-efficiency power cycle that has reached the pilot plant testing stage. The latest configuration proposed for this cycle is known as part flow evaporative gas turbine cycle (PEvGT) in which humidification is combined with steam injection. Having advantages of both steam injected and humid air cycles, it is regarded as a very desirable plant for ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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