stormwater catchment Articles

  • Catchment `greening` using stormwater in Adelaide, South Australia

    ABSTRACTThe paper reviews the goals of stormwater management adopted in Adelaide and declares a focus on harvesting of stormwater to replace mains water in irrigating areas landscaped with grass, flower beds and shrubs. Four categories of catchments are recognised according to their levels of pollution production - roof runoff and 'low', 'medium' and 'high' pollution runoff surfaces. Four case ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • An alternative approach to modelling stormwater runoff from small urban catchments

    The inability of current stormwater quality models to reproduce historical pollutographs accurately and reliably has prompted the need to introduce alternative approaches to simulate stormwater runoff from urban catchments. In view of the increasing popularity of designing urban stormwater systems using the Water Sensitive Urban Design (WSUD) approach, it is also essential to adopt a modelling ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Quality and first flush analysis of stormwater runoff from a tropical commercial catchment

    This paper examines the storm runoff quality from a commercial area in south Johor, Malaysia. Six storm events with a total of 68 storm runoff samples were analyzed. Event Mean Concentration (EMC) for all constituents analysed showed large inter-event variation. Site mean concentrations (SMC) for total suspended solids (TSS), oil and grease (O&G), biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), chemical oxygen ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The impact of stormwater source-control strategies on the (low) flow regime of urban catchments

    Stormwater management strategies increasingly recognise the need to emulate the pre-development flow regime, in addition to reducing pollutant concentrations and loads. However, it is unclear whether current design approaches for stormwater source-control techniques are effective in restoring the whole flow regime, and in particular low flows, towards their pre-development levels. We therefore ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Characterization and source identification of stormwater runoff in tropical urban catchments

    The characteristics of urban stormwater pollution in the tropics are still poorly understood. This issue is crucial to the tropical environment because its rainfall and runoff generation processes are so different from temperate regions. In this regard, a stormwater monitoring program was carried out at three urban catchments (e.g. residential, commercial and industrial) in the southern part of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Application of a catchment water quality model for an East–Australian catchment

    This paper presents the calibration of a catchment water quality model developed for the continuous simulation of stormwater pollutants from a catchment to the catchment outlet. Calibration of the model was performed using the rainfall and water quality data collected for 'Saltwater Creek Catchment' in Gold Coast, Australia. Runoff estimations from the hydrologic model were compared with ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Can stormwater harvesting restore pre-development flows in urban catchments in South East Queensland?

    Increases in the impervious area due to urbanisation have been shown to have negative impacts on the physical and ecological condition of streams, primarily through increased volume and frequency of runoff. The harvesting and detention of runoff has a potential to decrease this impact. This paper describes the effects of urbanisation on catchment flow and of stormwater harvesting on reducing ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Contribution of trace metals from atmospheric deposition to stormwater runoff in a small impervious urban catchment

    The contribution of atmospheric deposition to emissions of trace metals in stormwater runoff was investigated by quantifying wet and dry deposition fluxes and stormwater discharges within a small, highly impervious urban catchment in Los Angeles. At the beginning of the dry season in spring 2003, dry deposition measurements of chromium, copper, lead, nickel, and zinc were made monthly for 1 year. ...

  • Three examples of temporary stormwater catchments in dense urban areas: a sustainable development approach

    ABSTRACTThe Seine Saint-Denis County Council carried out a study involving 200 water storage installations within its jurisdiction. The results showed that many of the basins were inadequate in such a dense urban area. The main problems were the following: difficulty of access, insufficient maintenance and poor integration into the urban landscape. To remedy the situation, the DEA launched ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Integrated conceptual modelling of faecal contamination in an urban estuary catchment

    Urban stormwater is regarded as a key input of faecal contamination in receiving water bodies and therefore, a major concern for health risks associated with aquatic recreation. Wastewater leakages, cross connections and overflows, together with faeces washed from surfaces during rainfall events, are possible origins of faecal contamination which enter these water bodies through stormwater ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Standardised survey method for identifying catchment risks to water quality

    This paper describes the development and application of a systematic methodology to identify and quantify risks in drinking water and recreational catchments. The methodology assesses microbial and chemical contaminants from both diffuse and point sources within a catchment using Escherichia coli, protozoan pathogens and chemicals (including fuel and pesticides) as index contaminants. Hazard ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Level and transport pattern of faecal coliform bacteria from tropical urban catchments

    Urbanization and frequent storms play important roles in increasing faecal bacteria pollution, especially for tropical urban catchments. However, only little information on the faecal bacteria levels from different land use types and the factors that influence bacteria concentrations is available. Thus, the objectives of this study were to quantify the levels and transport mechanism of faecal ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Rough set approach to the evaluation of stormwater pollution

    This paper addresses the problem of urban stormwater quality and its impacts on the receiving water. In order to describe this phenomenon, research aimed at creating a mathematical model of pollution has been conducted. Although various deterministic and stochastic models exist already, the quality of stormwater phenomenon deserves a very careful and thoughtful validation. In order to take ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Influences on the establishment and dominance of vegetation in stormwater infiltration basins

    Infiltration basins are widely used in urban environments as a technique for managing and reducing the volume of stormwater. These basins can be spontaneously colonized by wild plants, which can be used as bioindicators of edaphic characteristics. As the basins are anthropogenic environments, the description of plant biodiversity allows the determination of which species colonize such ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Substance flow analyses of phthalates and nonylphenols in stormwater

    The occurrence of nonylphenol and several phthalates in water environments is highly undesired because of their negative effects on aquatic organisms. The objectives of this study were to identify emission sources of phthalates, nonylphenol and its ethoxylates (NP/EOs) in urban stormwater, and to quantify the substance fluxes from the source to the stormwater system, using the methodology of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sensitivity analysis of an urban stormwater microorganism model

    This paper presents the sensitivity analysis of a newly developed model which predicts microorganism concentrations in urban stormwater (MOPUS—MicroOrganism Prediction in Urban Stormwater). The analysis used Escherichia coli data collected from four urban catchments in Melbourne, Australia. The MICA program (Model Independent Markov Chain Monte Carlo Analysis), used to conduct this analysis, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Calibration of stormwater quality regression models: a random process?

    Regression models are among the most frequently used models to estimate pollutants event mean concentrations (EMC) in wet weather discharges in urban catchments. Two main questions dealing with the calibration of EMC regression models are investigated: i) the sensitivity of models to the size and the content of data sets used for their calibration, ii) the change of modelling results when models ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Stormwater quality models: performance and sensitivity analysis

    The complex nature of pollutant accumulation and washoff, along with high temporal and spatial variations, pose challenges for the development and establishment of accurate and reliable models of the pollution generation process in urban environments. Therefore, the search for reliable stormwater quality models remains an important area of research. Model calibration and sensitivity analysis of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The impact of intentional stormwater infiltration on soil and groundwater

    ABSTRACTStormwater infiltration is a principle which is more and more utilized on urban sites in France. However, given the characteristics of urban surfaces, and notably the amounts of the different pollutants that stormwater is likely to contain, it is important to try to assess the impact of intentional stormwater infiltration systems on the soil, and on groundwater. To try to answer that ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Element patterns for particulate matter in stormwater effluent

    Particulate matter in stormwater deteriorates the quality of receiving water and sediment. Characterization of stormwater particulate matter by means of its particle-associated element pattern provides an aid to determining its impact on receiving surface waters. During a 6 month measurement campaign, we determined particle-associated concentrations of major pollutants and rare earths for three ...


    By IWA Publishing

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