stormwater detention Articles

  • Modeling of Sedimentation in Stormwater Detention Basins

    ABSTRACTTo minimize the non-point source pollution from roadway surface, the Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT) initiated a research project for design of a small footprint non-proprietary detention basin, which consists of pipes and box culvert sections with specialized inlet and outlet system. A conceptual model was developed to estimate particle removal efficiency of the rectangular ...

  • Flow characteristics of individual lot stormwater detention

    In this paper the flow characteristics of stormwater are analyzed as it travels from a roof gutter down-pipe and the turbulent flow generated on entering an individual lot on-site stormwater detention (OSD) unit beneath a residential carport. Comparison was made between a full-scale model and computational fluid dynamic (CFD) simulations to determine the flow characteristics. These modular ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Characterisation and settling of solids in an open, grassed, stormwater sewer network detention basin

    ABSTRACTThe objective of the study is to develop new operational management practices for detention tanks during rainfall events in order to limit flooding risk and, at the same time, to reduce pollutant discharges by optimising the settling process. This paper presents the results of the characterisation of settled particles in an open stormwater detention basin with grassed banks and bottom, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Heavy metals, PAHs and toxicity in stormwater wet detention ponds

    Concentrations of 6 different heavy metals and total polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were determined in stormwater runoff and in the pond water of two Danish wet detention ponds. The pond water samples were analyzed for toxic effects, using the algae Selenastrum capricornutum as a test organism. Stormwater and pond water from a catchment with light industry showed high levels of heavy ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Rainstore3 Installation Instructions For Stormwater Drainage Detention & Retention with Geotextile Fabric

    This document describes how to properly install the Rainstore3 water storage system with geotextile fabric for stormwater drainage detention and retention. Detention allows for short-term storage and release of storm water through outlet pipes. Nearby water treatment plants may have a limited capacity for handling storm water and thus, stormwater needs to be temporarily detained on site. ...


    By Invisible Structures, Inc.

  • Elimination and accumulation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in urban stormwater wet detention ponds

    The concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in water and sediments of seven wet detention ponds receiving urban stormwater were investigated. The ponds comprised traditional wet detention ponds with a permanent wet volume and a storage volume as well as ponds that were expanded with sand filters and other means to improve the removal of micropollutants. The concentrations of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Tropical stormwater nutrient degradation using nano-TiO2 in photocatalytic reactor detention pond

    The photo-degradation of nutrients in stormwater in photocatalytic reactor wet detention pond using nano titanium dioxide (TiO2) in concrete was investigated in a scale model as a new stormwater treatment method. Degradation of phosphate and nitrate in the presence of nano-TiO2 under natural ultra violet (UV) from tropical sunlight was monitored for 3 weeks compared with normal ponds. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Experimental analysis of green roof substrate detention characteristics

    Green roofs may make an important contribution to urban stormwater management. Rainfall-runoff models are required to evaluate green roof responses to specific rainfall inputs. The roof's hydrological response is a function of its configuration, with the substrate – or growing media – providing both retention and detention of rainfall. The objective of the research described ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Assessing the viability of microhydropower generation from the stormwater flow of the detention outlet in an urban area

    Small-scale hydropower is the generation of electrical power of 10 MW or less from the transformation of kinetic energy in flowing water to mechanical energy in a rotating turbine to electrical energy in a generator. The technology is especially useful when installed with a stormwater infrastructure in countries teeming with abundant rainfall. It is upon this concept that this study is being ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Controlling the flow: innovative screening device solves detention maintenance issues

    Untitled Document A nine-year, $5.29 million road improvement joint venture between the City of Beaverton, Ore. and Washington County widened 5,680 feet of a two-lane ...


  • Stormwater Management for Urban Environments

    IntroductionElmhurst College, a hundred-thirty-five year old private learning institution, is proceeding with a campus redevelopment project that will include a one hundred seventy bed residence hall. In addition, the college continues to be a role model for sustainable site design and an educational resource for both students and the community.The need for additional housing, due to ...


    By Advanced Pavement Technology

  • Modelling the impact of retention–detention units on sewer surcharge and peak and annual runoff reduction

    Stormwater management using water sensitive urban design is expected to be part of future drainage systems. This paper aims to model the combination of local retention units, such as soakaways, with subsurface detention units. Soakaways are employed to reduce (by storage and infiltration) peak and volume stormwater runoff; however, large retention volumes are required for a significant peak ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Optimization of pollution control performance of wet detention ponds in tropical urban catchments using particle swarm optimization

    Wet detention ponds are the best management systems for the control of urban stormwater. The objective of this study is to develop optimum pollution control performance of wet detention ponds using an analytical probabilistic model (APM) and particle swarm optimization (PSO). An urban catchment, in a tropical region, was selected as a case study and APM parameters were developed using long-term ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Maintenance of a Rainstore3 Stormwater Storage Chamber

    Invisible Structures, Inc. recommends that stormwater be pretreated prior to discharging into the chambers to avoid foreign matter accumlation inside the chamber. This can be accomplished by a variety of techniques or products. Some examples are: Short Term Storage (Detention Basin) “Zero” maintenance – the Preferred Method: Use a ...


    By Invisible Structures, Inc.

  • Evaluation of stormwater BMPs for implementing industrial stormwater permitting strategy

    This study assesses the performance of stormwater best management practices (BMPs) in industrial sectors and their effluent quality to facilitate the development of technology-based numerical effluent criteria. Generally, retention ponds outperform other BMP types for reducing total suspended solids, and media filter and wetland basins outperform other BMPs for metal removal. Detention basins ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Stormwater Best Management Practices (BMP)

    Storm water is the result of rain or snow melt that collects in an area that can drain from into a nearby body of waters such as a lake or river. The water can collect on roof tops, parking lots, saturated ground, roads, etc. The problem is that many of the pollutants of our modern living such as oil, grease, pesticides, sediment, salt, and animal waste are washed away within the storm water and ...

  • Stormwater Solids Reduction for NPDES Permits

    Finally obtaining a National Pollution Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) Permit is often a relief but is by far not the end of the story. Meeting the requirements of that permit often proves to be quite difficult and stiff fines are freely doled out to those who fail to meet regulatory limits. For one Midwest jet propulsion manufacturing facility, the issue of total daily solids discharge ...

  • Permeable Pavers Provide Pavement and Stormwater Solutions

    Creating new life to a small, historic park included installing massive playground equipment and more parking. Asphalt was not a slam dunk for parking since there wasn’t room for more paving and a detention pond. Indianapolis-based landscape architect Debra Schmucker, president of Cornerstone Planning & Design, was commissioned by the city to draw up plans for the revitalized park found the ...

  • Ecotoxicological characterisation of sediments from stormwater retention basins

    Retention–detention basins are important structures for managing stormwater. However, their long-term operation raises the problem of managing the sediments they accumulate. Potential uses for such sediments have been envisaged, but each sediment must be characterised beforehand to verify its harmlessness. In this paper we address this issue through the development of a battery of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Inclined Plate Settlers to Treat Stormwater Solids

    ABSTRACTIt has been well-documented that, in stormwater runoff, many of the problem pollutants are associated with the particulate fraction. Past characterization of urban runoff and source contributions has shown the following: (a) soil disturbance increased the TSS and turbidity in the runoff; and (b) correlations were observed between TSS and particulate runoff concentrations of chromium, ...

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