stormwater filtration system Articles

  • Retention of heavy metals by stormwater filtration systems: breakthrough analysis

    Biofiltration systems are widely used to mitigate the impacts of stormwater on receiving waters, however their long-term capacity to retain heavy metals has not previously been assessed. Accelerated-dosing laboratory experiments were used to assess the likelihood of breakthrough occurring for three different types of soil-based filter media that are commonly used in stormwater biofilters. In all ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Hybrid filtration method for pre-treatment of stormwater

    In this study the hybrid filtration process (combining fibre filter with deep bed dual media filtration) was investigated as pre-treatment to stormwater. This process was investigated in-terms of reduction in turbidity, dissolved organic carbon (DOC), colour, headloss development across the filters, suspended solids removal, organic matter removal, nutrients and heavy matter (such as iron, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • What is a storm water filtration?

    Water is the main source of living for human beings on this earth. Water is not only essential for human life but also it is a fundamental natural resource for sustaining of wildlife and environment. It is the main substance for surviving a healthy life. There are many vital resources which contaminate the water and many death implications occur. Due to many natural calamities, the water source ...

  • Investigation into the long-term stormwater pollution removal efficiency of bioretention systems

    In recent years, there has been a steady increase in the number of bioretention systems installed worldwide. However, there has only been limited research on the long-term effectiveness of these sustainable urban drainage system devices. This paper presents the results of a series of controlled field experiments investigating the pollutant removal efficiency of three, 10-year-old, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Retrofitting an Existing Stormwater System to Meet Numerical Effluent Limits - Stormwater Management at Seattle-Tacoma International Airport

    ABSTRACTOwned and operated by the Port of Seattle, Seattle-Tacoma International Airport (STIA) is the 28th busiest airport in the world. A Section 401 Water Quality Certification was issued to the Port to allow its expansion projects to proceed. This certification required existing portions of the airport be retrofitted to meet current stormwater standards. In addition, the Port’s renewed NPDES ...

  • Stormwater Solids Reduction for NPDES Permits

    Finally obtaining a National Pollution Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) Permit is often a relief but is by far not the end of the story. Meeting the requirements of that permit often proves to be quite difficult and stiff fines are freely doled out to those who fail to meet regulatory limits. For one Midwest jet propulsion manufacturing facility, the issue of total daily solids discharge ...

  • How to Plan Stormwater Management for Urban Areas

    Water is a vital commodity in our lives, but it is possible to have too much water all at once in our lives, especially following violent storms or snow melt. This excess water, lying on the ground, swelling rivers, canals and drains to over-capacity is known as stormwater. In order to make the best use of this water, local authorities need to safely contain stormwater while any ...


    By Liquivault

  • In-situ performance of a passive treatment system for metal source control

    ABSTRACTUrban stormwater often contains high levels of traffic-generated metal elements and particulates. These constituents are transported by stormwater runoff to surficial soils, drainage systems and receiving waters. This paper summarizes the in-situ field-scale performance of a passive treatment system called a partial exfiltration trench (PET) for source control of these constituents. For ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Understanding the factors influencing the removal of heavy metals in urban stormwater runoff

    In this research, an infiltration trench equipped with an extensive pretreatment and filter bed consisting of woodchip, sand and gravel was utilized as a low impact development technique to manage stormwater runoff from a highly impervious road with particular emphasis on heavy metal removal. Findings revealed that the major factors influencing the removal of heavy metals were the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Residential system design

    Rainwater systems can be as simple as placing a rain barrel beneath a downspout or they can be complex – engineered multi-tank systems with pumping stations and automated computer controls for supplying commercial and industrial process applications. Consider that in one installation in the Sumo arena in Japan, rainwater is supplied for flushing toilets and the cistern’s excess ...

  • Stormwater Management Improvements Spurred by Low Impact Development Techniques

    Abstract A concept first advanced in 19901, evidence of Low Impact Development (LID) can now be seen across North America. Like many infrastructure transformations, this growth in LID design has benefitted from regulatory changes; compliance versus cost remains an important motivator in any ...


    By Nilex

  • Impact of rainwater harvesting systems on nutrient and sediment concentrations in roof runoff

    Rainwater harvesting (RWH) systems have the unique ability to contribute to stormwater management goals via mitigation of runoff volumes and peak flow rates. Additionally, collecting and storing runoff via RWH systems can potentially provide water quality benefits due to physical and chemical processes that occur within the storage tank. This study quantified the water quality improvement ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Treatment of suspended solids and heavy metals from urban stormwater runoff by a tree box filter

    Particulates, inorganic and toxic constituents are the most common pollutants associated with urban stormwater runoff. Heavy metals such as chromium, nickel, copper, zinc, cadmium and lead are found to be in high concentration on paved roads or parking lots due to vehicle emissions. In order to control the rapid increase of pollutant loads in stormwater runoff, the Korean Ministry of Environment ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Full Scale Evaluation of UpflowTM Filter - A Catch Basin Insert for the Treatment of Stormwater at Critical Source Areas

    ABSTRACTStormwater runoff from critical source areas, such as parking lots, vehicle fueling and maintenance stations, and public works storage areas, may contain pollutant loadings of hydrocarbons, toxic trace metals, nutrients, pathogens, and/or other toxicants and pollutants that are greater than the loadings of “normal” stormwater runoff (Bannerman, et al. 1993;Pitt, et al. ...

  • Case study - Topsail Beach, NC - 203 North Anderson Blvd.

    Stored rainwater is used to supply drip irrigation while a dry well system carries rooftop stormwater runoff below a parking area in this residential BRAE design. Project: 203 North Anderson Blvd. Location: Topsail Beach, NC Application: Drip Irrigation System and Stormwater Infiltration System(s): BRAE Complete™ Home ...

  • BNSF skykomish - Case Study

    Passive Pre-Treatment with ChitoVan Cartridges Followed by CESF with 1 % ChitoVan Cleanup of a former railway fuel and maintenance facility in Skykomish, WA is currently underway. Nearby environmentally sensitive waterways have increased the need for responsible management of contaminated waters. Two Chitosan-Enhanced Sand Filtration systems have been implemented by Clear Water Compliance ...

  • Seatac airport third runaway - Case Study

    Active Treatment with 1% ChitoVan™ Chitosan Acetate The west side of Sea-Tac airport was widened by adding 11 million cubic yards of fill dirt to create the 3rd runway. Because the west side of the airport drains to Miller Creek, a protected NW stream, all of the construction stormwater had to be captured and treated prior to discharge. During the project over 5 billion gallons of ...

  • Uptown shopping center - Case Study

    ChitoVan Chitosan Lactate Cartridge Pretreatment and Sand Filtration Urban development and redevelopment present a host of challenges - not the least of which is managing site stormwater runoff. In a northern suburb of Vancouver Island’s beautiful city of Victoria, BC the stormwater challenge was met and bested through the application of both passive and active chitosan stormwater ...

  • Cytotoxic and genotoxic activities of waters and sediments from highway and parking lot runoffs

    The genotoxicity of water and sediment samples from stormwater treatment systems and water from urban highway runoff was tested in the Salmonella/microsome assays with Salmonella typhimurium, micronucleus assay (Trad-MN) with plants and with human-derived liver cells (HepG2), or comet assay with HepG2. Cytotoxicity of water samples was studied using either reactive oxygen ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • North Carolina wal mart - Case Study

    Passive Pre-Treatment with ChitoVan Cartridges Followed by CESF with 1.5% ChitoVan Two Chitosan-Enhanced Sand Filtration systems where implemented during the construction of a Wal-Mart Superstore and Sam's Club near Raleigh, NC. The treatment train consisted of a series of ponds with conveyance channels that utilized ChitoVan Chitosan Lactate Cartridges for treatment prior to being filtered. ...

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