stormwater infiltration Articles

  • The impact of intentional stormwater infiltration on soil and groundwater

    ABSTRACTStormwater infiltration is a principle which is more and more utilized on urban sites in France. However, given the characteristics of urban surfaces, and notably the amounts of the different pollutants that stormwater is likely to contain, it is important to try to assess the impact of intentional stormwater infiltration systems on the soil, and on groundwater. To try to answer that ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Influences on the establishment and dominance of vegetation in stormwater infiltration basins

    Infiltration basins are widely used in urban environments as a technique for managing and reducing the volume of stormwater. These basins can be spontaneously colonized by wild plants, which can be used as bioindicators of edaphic characteristics. As the basins are anthropogenic environments, the description of plant biodiversity allows the determination of which species colonize such ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A study of stormwater infiltration system feasibility and design

    ABSTRACTThere are numerous reasons, such the saturation of the existing downstream sewer system or its concentrate discharge impact on the receiving water, for using stormwater infiltration systems. However, their feasibility within an urban development project depends on physical soil characteristics and contamination risk, and also on socio-economic considerations. The choice should be based ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Modelling of percolation rate of stormwater from underground infiltration systems

    Underground or surface stormwater storage tank systems that enable the infiltration of water into the ground are basic elements used in Sustainable Urban Drainage Systems (SUDS). So far, the design methods for such facilities have not taken into account the phenomenon of ground clogging during stormwater infiltration. Top layer sealing of the filter bed influences the infiltration rate of water ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Can urban tree roots improve infiltration for stormwater management?

    Global land use patterns and increasing pressures on water resources demand creative urban stormwater management. Strategies encouraging infiltration can enhance groundwater recharge and water quality. Urban subsoils are often relatively impermeable, and the construction of many stormwater detention best management practices (D-BMPs) exacerbates this condition. Root paths can act as conduits for ...

  • Multicriteria decision-aid method to evaluate the performance of stormwater infiltration systems over the time

    Nowadays, stormwater infiltration systems are frequently used because of their ability to reduce flows and volumes in downstream sewers, decrease overflows in surface waters and make it possible to recharge groundwater. Moreover, they come in various forms with different uses. Despite these advantages the long term sustainability of these systems is questionable and their real performances have ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Evaluation of two stormwater infiltration trenches in central Copenhagen after 15 years of operation

    Two stormwater infiltration trenches were installed in 1993 in an area in central Copenhagen. The system was monitored continuously for almost three years after establishment, and a small reduction in performance over that time, possibly due to clogging, was noted. A new study was conducted in 2009 to see whether the reduction in performance has continued and to determine how the system performs ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Simulation of heavy metal pollution from stormwater infiltration through a porous pavement with reservoir structure

    ABSTRACTA laboratory experiment was set up to examine the ability of porous asphalt to retain metallic pollution. The results obtained confirm the retention of metals (Pb, Cu, Cd, Zn) by clogging particles, and a decrease in lead concentration can be observed in infiltrated runoff water. Moreover, the simulation of heavy metal transfer into the soil was carried out using the mathematical model ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Hydrologic behaviour of stormwater infiltration trenches in a central urban area during 23/4 years of operation

    ABSTRACTTwo infiltration trenches were constructed in a densely built-up area in central Copenhagen and equipped with on-line sensors measuring rain, runoff flow from the connected surfaces and water level in the trenches. The paper describes the field site, the measuring system and the results from an initial soil survey. Although the two trenches are placed close to each other they function ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • What is stormwater?

    Stormwater runoff, water that isn’t absorbed into the ground after a weather event, is a potential water source that cities across the world have struggled with for decades. Why is coping with it such a challenge? Whether the precipitation is water or ice, its addition to the environment can be a problem, especially when a lot of it falls in a short amount of time. When this occurs in ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Stormwater Treatment: Priority pollutant behaviour in stormwater BMPs

    The term Stormwater Best Management Practices (BMPs) (also known as sustainable urban drainage systems; SUDS) refers to a wide range of stormwater control systems which enable the planning, design and management of stormwater to be tackled equally from water quantity, water quality and amenity perspectives (). Commonly used systems include: Storage systems (e.g. retention ponds and constructed ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • On-site infiltration of road runoff using pervious pavements with subjacent infiltration trenches as source control strategy

    The focus in this work was on subsoil infiltration of stormwater from parking lots. With regard to operation, reduced infiltration performance due to clogging and pollutants in seepage, which may contribute to contaminate groundwater, are of interest. The experimental investigation covered a pervious pavement with a subjacent infiltration trench draining an impervious area of 2 ha. In order to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A method for evaluating the evolution of clogging: application to the Pampulha Campus infiltration system (Brazil)

    In order to evaluate the hydraulic performance of stormwater infiltration trenches, a study was undertaken to assess clogging and its distribution between the bottom and the sides. The method used was based on the calibration of the hydraulic resistance event by event according to Bouwer's model and applied to a demonstration trench in Belo-Horizonte monitored in the framework of the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Stormwater Management for Urban Environments

    IntroductionElmhurst College, a hundred-thirty-five year old private learning institution, is proceeding with a campus redevelopment project that will include a one hundred seventy bed residence hall. In addition, the college continues to be a role model for sustainable site design and an educational resource for both students and the community.The need for additional housing, due to ...


    By Advanced Pavement Technology

  • Performance of infiltration swales with regard to operation in winter times in an Alpine region

    In cold climate regions winter conditions significantly influence the performance of stormwater infiltration devices. Frozen soil and water storage by snow changes their operation. In this paper winter operation of a grassed infiltration swale was investigated using on-site and laboratory measurements. The field investigation of a grassed swale at a parking place in an Alpine region showed that ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Stormwater availability in the Gaza Strip, Palestine

    Stormwater harvesting has become an important water resource. The rational runoff formula has been applied using GIS as a tool to estimate runoff amounts from different landuse categories. These amounts have been estimated to be 37 Mm? in the existing landuse and will reach 43 Mm? for planned landuse, i.e. urban development expansion. Continuous urbanisation will result in more wastage of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Stormwater Best Management Practices (BMP)

    Storm water is the result of rain or snow melt that collects in an area that can drain from into a nearby body of waters such as a lake or river. The water can collect on roof tops, parking lots, saturated ground, roads, etc. The problem is that many of the pollutants of our modern living such as oil, grease, pesticides, sediment, salt, and animal waste are washed away within the storm water and ...

  • Role of the biotic compartment in the transfer of zinc through the vadose zone - application to an infiltration system

    ABSTRACTRelatively little is known about the influence of microorganisms which develop in urban stormwater infiltration basins on the transfer of heavy metals, whereas many reports have emphasized their importance in the mechanisms of retention or solubilization of these elements. We therefore examined the transfer of zinc solutions (2-20 ppm) at different pH (4-7) by columns of sterile sand or ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Removal of chemical oxygen demand and dissolved nutrients by a sunken lawn infiltration system during intermittent storm events

    Urban surface water runoff typically contains high but varying amounts of organic matter and nutrients that require removal before reuse. Infiltration systems such as sunken lawns can improve water quality. However, there is currently insufficient information describing the treatment efficiency of lawn-based infiltration systems. In this study, novel sunken lawn infiltration systems (SLISs) were ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Bioswales reduce contaminants associated with toxicity in urban stormwater

    Contamination and toxicity associated with urban stormwater runoff are a growing concern because of the potential for receiving system impacts. California water regulators are mandating implementation of green infrastructure as part of new urban development projects to treat stormwater and increase infiltration. Parking lot bioswales are low impact development practices that promote filtering ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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