stormwater quality improvement Articles

  • Stormwater quality models: performance and sensitivity analysis

    The complex nature of pollutant accumulation and washoff, along with high temporal and spatial variations, pose challenges for the development and establishment of accurate and reliable models of the pollution generation process in urban environments. Therefore, the search for reliable stormwater quality models remains an important area of research. Model calibration and sensitivity analysis of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Stormwater Management Techniques for Ecosystem Restoration Using Flow Regime Improvements

    This study demonstrates how stormwater management techniques can produce ecosystem restoration through flow regime restoration. The study acknowledges other factors, such as water quality and habitat influence ecosystem restoration, but focuses upon hydrology restoration for overall watershed restoration guidance. The study uses established relationships between flow regime and watershed ...

  • Can urban tree roots improve infiltration for stormwater management?

    Global land use patterns and increasing pressures on water resources demand creative urban stormwater management. Strategies encouraging infiltration can enhance groundwater recharge and water quality. Urban subsoils are often relatively impermeable, and the construction of many stormwater detention best management practices (D-BMPs) exacerbates this condition. Root paths can act as conduits for ...

  • Stormwater Management Improvements Spurred by Low Impact Development Techniques

    Abstract A concept first advanced in 19901, evidence of Low Impact Development (LID) can now be seen across North America. Like many infrastructure transformations, this growth in LID design has benefitted from regulatory changes; compliance versus cost remains an important motivator in any ...


    By Nilex

  • Stormwater Management for Urban Environments

    IntroductionElmhurst College, a hundred-thirty-five year old private learning institution, is proceeding with a campus redevelopment project that will include a one hundred seventy bed residence hall. In addition, the college continues to be a role model for sustainable site design and an educational resource for both students and the community.The need for additional housing, due to ...


    By Advanced Pavement Technology

  • Using Permeable Eco-Paving to Achieve Improved Water Quality for Urban Pavements

    This paper describes the planning, design and construction of a permeable pavement as a practical demonstration of the benefits of eco-paving in Australian environmental management. The paper addresses the use of permeable pavements as part of a Water Sensitive Urban Design that allows infiltration of stormwater, reduction of pollutants and slow reticulation of the stormwater to an ecologically ...


    By Advanced Pavement Technology

  • Removal of Fallen Leaves Can Improve Urban Water Quality

    The timely removal of leaf litter can reduce harmful phosphorus concentrations in stormwater by over 80 percent in Madison, Wisconsin, according to a recent U.S. Geological Survey study. Autumn leaf litter contributes a significant amount of phosphorus to urban stormwater, which then runs off into waterways and lakes. Excessive amounts of ...

  • Stormwater Best Management Practices (BMP)

    Storm water is the result of rain or snow melt that collects in an area that can drain from into a nearby body of waters such as a lake or river. The water can collect on roof tops, parking lots, saturated ground, roads, etc. The problem is that many of the pollutants of our modern living such as oil, grease, pesticides, sediment, salt, and animal waste are washed away within the storm water and ...

  • Lake Lenexa Stormwater Management Project

    Using cutting-edge technologies to significantly upgrade wastewater treatment in coastal areas, B&V Water helped Southern Water keep pace with the requirements of new UK and EU legislation. B&V Water took an innovative approach to turn stormwater management into a recreational park in Lenexa, Kansas, and offer communities globally a successful integrated stormwater strategy. As ...


    By Black & Veatch Corporation

  • Experience with Local Stormwater Management Programs

     ABSTRACT Local stormwater management programs have traditionally been operated and funded as a function of general government. Increasing requirements to deal with wet weather water quality problems and the devastating impact of flooding have led to increased efforts to expand organizational responsibilities and the need for new and dedicated funding. To provide a cross section of ...

  • Simulating future trends in urban stormwater quality for changing climate, urban land use and environmental controls

    The effects of climatic changes, progressing urbanization and improved environmental controls on the simulated urban stormwater quality in a northern Sweden community were studied. Future scenarios accounting for those changes were developed and their effects simulated with the Storm Water Management Model (SWMM). It was observed that the simulated stormwater quality was highly sensitive to the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Stormwater and Spill Management at an Iron Pipe Foundry in Texas

    ABSTRACTLarge industrial sites have had permits for storm water discharges under the NPDES program of the Clean Water Act since the mid to late 80’s. Recent emphasis has been placed on regulated facilities to prepare and implement Spill Prevention, Control and Countermeasure (SPCC) plans under the Oil Pollution Prevention Act (40 CFR 112). A large iron pipe foundry in Texas has several storm ...

  • Stormwater nitrogen removal performance of a floating treatment wetland

    The nitrogen (N) removal efficiency and effluent quality of two parallel stormwater retention ponds, one retrofitted with a floating treatment wetland (FTW) and one without any vegetation, was compared in a field trial. This study shows that inclusion of FTWs in stormwater retention ponds has potential to moderately improve N removal. Median FTW outlet event mean concentrations (EMCs) were lower ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Super Size My Stormwater Treatment System, Please!

    Many municipalities have vast areas of developed impervious acreage from which stormwater drains without any form of treatment. These drainage systems were designed decades ago, predating regulatory requirement for nonpoint source pollution control. Every year pollutants from these sites discharge high levels of sediment, nutrients, trash, and heavy metals into local waters, impairing usage, ...


    By BaySaver Technologies, Inc.

  • Retrofitting an Existing Stormwater System to Meet Numerical Effluent Limits - Stormwater Management at Seattle-Tacoma International Airport

    ABSTRACTOwned and operated by the Port of Seattle, Seattle-Tacoma International Airport (STIA) is the 28th busiest airport in the world. A Section 401 Water Quality Certification was issued to the Port to allow its expansion projects to proceed. This certification required existing portions of the airport be retrofitted to meet current stormwater standards. In addition, the Port’s renewed NPDES ...

  • Controlling urban stormwater pollution by constructed wetlands: a Canadian perspective

    During the past 20 years, Constructed Stormwater Wetlands (CSWWs) have attained broad acceptance in Canada as effective measures for stormwater management. CSWWs are used mainly for improving stormwater quality by providing sufficient treatment volumes in shallow permanent pools. This leads to high requirements for land, which is one of the constraints on CSWWs use. Even though CSWWs perform less ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • An alternative approach to modelling stormwater runoff from small urban catchments

    The inability of current stormwater quality models to reproduce historical pollutographs accurately and reliably has prompted the need to introduce alternative approaches to simulate stormwater runoff from urban catchments. In view of the increasing popularity of designing urban stormwater systems using the Water Sensitive Urban Design (WSUD) approach, it is also essential to adopt a modelling ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • An experimental and computational investigation of performance of the Green Gully for reusing stormwater

    A new stormwater quality improvement device called ‘Green Gully’ has been designed and developed in this study with the aim of reusing stormwater for irrigating trees and other plants. The main purpose of the Green Gully is to collect road runoff/stormwater, make it suitable for irrigation and provide an automated network system for watering roadside plants and irrigational areas. This paper ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Municipal Stormwater Program Audits in California: Findings and Lessons Learned

    ABSTRACT EPA, with the assistance of Tetra Tech and the California Regional Water Quality Control Boards, has conducted 122 on-site audits of municipal stormwater programs over past six years to assess NPDES permit compliance and program effectiveness. Evaluations consisted of a programmatic review of individual MS4s and an in-field verification of these program elements. The project goals ...

  • Preliminary investigation into the pollution reduction performance of swales used in a stormwater treatment train

    Permeable pavements have been shown to be effective stormwater treatment devices that can greatly reduce surface runoff and significantly improve the quality of stormwater runoff in urban areas. However, the potential problems with sediment clogging and consequent maintenance requirements have been identified as the main barriers to more widespread adoption of permeable pavements in urban ...


    By IWA Publishing

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