stormwater runoff Articles

  • Model-based monitoring of stormwater runoff quality

    Monitoring of micropollutants (MP) in stormwater is essential to evaluate the impacts of stormwater on the receiving aquatic environment. The aim of this study was to investigate how different strategies for monitoring of stormwater quality (combining a model with field sampling) affect the information obtained about MP discharged from the monitored system. A dynamic stormwater quality model was ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Stormwater

    Stormwater is a term used to describe water that originates during precipitation events. It may also be used to apply to water that originates with snowmelt or runoff water from overwatering that enters the stormwater system. Stormwater that does not soak into the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Reuse turns stormwater runoff from a problem to an asset

    With so much concern about water scarcity around the world, it seems a no-brainer that rain is a good thing. But nothing’s perfect. Even something as beneficial as precipitation can have its downsides. One problem, of course, is flooding. Another problem you may not have thought of comes with stormwater runoff in urban settings. What’s the problem? In cities, buildings and pavement ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • What is stormwater?

    Stormwater runoff, water that isn’t absorbed into the ground after a weather event, is a potential water source that cities across the world have struggled with for decades. Why is coping with it such a challenge? Whether the precipitation is water or ice, its addition to the environment can be a problem, especially when a lot of it falls in a short amount of time. When this occurs in ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Alkylphenols in atmospheric depositions and urban runoff

    A sampling campaign was conducted in order to determine alkylphenol (AP) concentrations in stormwater as well as potential AP sources in suburban environments. An analytical procedure was developed to quantify APs in bulk atmospheric deposition, building runoff, road runoff and stormwater. Both nonylphenols and octylphenols could be quantified in each sample. Median stormwater concentrations ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Characterization and source identification of stormwater runoff in tropical urban catchments

    The characteristics of urban stormwater pollution in the tropics are still poorly understood. This issue is crucial to the tropical environment because its rainfall and runoff generation processes are so different from temperate regions. In this regard, a stormwater monitoring program was carried out at three urban catchments (e.g. residential, commercial and industrial) in the southern part of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Impacts of using rainwater tanks on stormwater harvesting and runoff quality

    The popularity of rainwater use in Australia depends completely on the individual householder's preference. The quality of reticulated water supplies in major cities of Australia is far superior to water stored in rainwater tanks. However, due to persistent drought and the implementation of stringent water restrictions, cities such as Melbourne have encouraged the use of rainwater harvesting ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Measurement of cyanide in urban snowmelt and runoff

    Ferrocyanide compounds enter the environment as anti-caking additives to road salts. In illuminated aquatic environments, the salts dissociate and form toxic free cyanide, which can then be lost through volatilization. The most common techniques for analysis of cyanide in environmental samples measure total and free (generally weak-acid dissociable, WAD) cyanide species. Cyanide has been detected ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Stormwater runoff plumes observed by SeaWiFS radiometer in the Southern California Bight

    Abstract Understanding the factors that influence the incidence and dispersal patterns of freshwater runoff plumes in southern California is important for management of coastal water quality. Significant river discharge is associated with episodic winter rainstorms, leading to turbid pollutant and pathogen-laden stormwater plumes that are clearly visible nearshore in the Southern California ...

  • Understanding the factors influencing the removal of heavy metals in urban stormwater runoff

    In this research, an infiltration trench equipped with an extensive pretreatment and filter bed consisting of woodchip, sand and gravel was utilized as a low impact development technique to manage stormwater runoff from a highly impervious road with particular emphasis on heavy metal removal. Findings revealed that the major factors influencing the removal of heavy metals were the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • An alternative approach to modelling stormwater runoff from small urban catchments

    The inability of current stormwater quality models to reproduce historical pollutographs accurately and reliably has prompted the need to introduce alternative approaches to simulate stormwater runoff from urban catchments. In view of the increasing popularity of designing urban stormwater systems using the Water Sensitive Urban Design (WSUD) approach, it is also essential to adopt a modelling ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The influence of particle size on the first flush strength of urban stormwater runoff

    The presence of a first flush (FF) of suspended solids (SS) in stormwater runoff has important implications for the design of treatment facilities, as does the particle size of solids. Whilst numerous studies have examined the FF behaviour of SS, few have disaggregated FF trends by particle size. In this study, the FF behaviour of SS was investigated in five size ranges, sampled from an urban ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Micropollutants in stormwater runoff and combined sewer overflow in the Copenhagen area, Denmark

    Stormwater runoff contains a broad range of micropollutants. In Europe a number of these substances are regulated through the Water Framework Directive, which establishes Environmental Quality Standards (EQSs) for surface waters. Knowledge about discharge of these substances through stormwater runoff and combined sewer overflows (CSOs) is essential to ensure compliance with the EQSs. Results from ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Comparison of the treatment performance of hybrid constructed wetlands treating stormwater runoff

    This study was conducted to compare the treatment performance of two hybrid constructed wetlands (CWs) in treating stormwater runoff. The hybrid CWs were composed of a combination of free water surface (FWS) and horizontal subsurface flow (HSSF) CWs. Based on the results, strong correlation exists between potential runoff impacts and stormwater characteristics; however, the low correlations ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Runoff projections grasspave2 & gravelpave2/effective imperviousness

    Performing stormwater drainage design is one of the requirements of a site designer. Recent regulations created and enforced by the EPA require new developments to limit the amount of stormwater that flows off of a newly developed site, to be equivalent to or less, than the flow rate prior to development. The site designer must determine how much water is running off the original site, and ...


    By Invisible Structures, Inc.

  • Stormwater availability in the Gaza Strip, Palestine

    Stormwater harvesting has become an important water resource. The rational runoff formula has been applied using GIS as a tool to estimate runoff amounts from different landuse categories. These amounts have been estimated to be 37 Mm? in the existing landuse and will reach 43 Mm? for planned landuse, i.e. urban development expansion. Continuous urbanisation will result in more wastage of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Quality and first flush analysis of stormwater runoff from a tropical commercial catchment

    This paper examines the storm runoff quality from a commercial area in south Johor, Malaysia. Six storm events with a total of 68 storm runoff samples were analyzed. Event Mean Concentration (EMC) for all constituents analysed showed large inter-event variation. Site mean concentrations (SMC) for total suspended solids (TSS), oil and grease (O&G), biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), chemical oxygen ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Capturing the Potential of Stormwater

    Management of the urban water cycle in Australia has changed significantly over the past few decades. Stormwater management philosophy has evolved from the conventional, but still important, flood mitigation paradigm, to the current runoff quality control approach. It is now progressing towards the harvesting and reuse concept whilst retaining the previous two targets. iven the current interest ...


    By IVWater

  • Potential use of ionic species for identifying source land-uses of stormwater runoff

    Identifying critical land-uses or source areas is important to prioritize resources for cost-effective stormwater management. This study investigated the use of information on ionic composition as a fingerprint to identify the source land-use of stormwater runoff. We used 12 ionic species in stormwater runoff monitored for a total of 20 storm events at five sites with different land-use ...


    By IWA Publishing

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