stormwater sample Articles

  • Effect of sampling duration on the performance evaluation of a stormwater wetland

    In this study, the effect of sampling duration on the performance estimate for a stormwater wetland over both rainy and dry days was evaluated for the appropriate design of sampling duration. As the cumulative percentage volume (Vp), the ratio of cumulative stormwater volume concerning time to the total stormwater volume, varied between 60 and 100%, generally, the inflow total suspended ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Stormwater Management for Urban Environments

    IntroductionElmhurst College, a hundred-thirty-five year old private learning institution, is proceeding with a campus redevelopment project that will include a one hundred seventy bed residence hall. In addition, the college continues to be a role model for sustainable site design and an educational resource for both students and the community.The need for additional housing, due to ...


    By Advanced Pavement Technology

  • Stormwater: Questions and Answers

    The whole subject of Stormwater is complicated. Here's a chance for you to check out some of the most frequently asked questions about stormwater . . . and their answers. What is an NPDES (National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System) permit? The Clean Water Act prohibits anybody from discharging 'pollutants' through a 'point source' into a 'water of the United States' unless they ...


    By Ben Meadows

  • Stormwater and lamella settlers: efficiency and reality

    ABSTRACTTwo settling devices treating rainwater from urban drainage areas and equipped with secondary sludge treatment were monitored over a period exceeding one year. The two devices differ in their design and in the quantity and quality of effluents received. Full analyses over approximately 30 mean samples of the intake and discharge effluents allowed judgment of the mean efficiency of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Model-based monitoring of stormwater runoff quality

    Monitoring of micropollutants (MP) in stormwater is essential to evaluate the impacts of stormwater on the receiving aquatic environment. The aim of this study was to investigate how different strategies for monitoring of stormwater quality (combining a model with field sampling) affect the information obtained about MP discharged from the monitored system. A dynamic stormwater quality model was ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Influences on the establishment and dominance of vegetation in stormwater infiltration basins

    Infiltration basins are widely used in urban environments as a technique for managing and reducing the volume of stormwater. These basins can be spontaneously colonized by wild plants, which can be used as bioindicators of edaphic characteristics. As the basins are anthropogenic environments, the description of plant biodiversity allows the determination of which species colonize such ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Alternatives for Finding Illicit Discharges to Stormwater Systems

    ABSTRACT Provisions of the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permits for stormwater discharges require that permits for municipal separate storm sewers systems (MS4s) shall include a requirement to effectively prohibit problematic non-storm water discharges into storm sewers. Emphasis is placed on the elimination of inappropriateconnections to urban storm drains. ...

  • Exploring fecal indicator bacteria in a constructed stormwater wetland

    Microbial pollution in surface waters is a concern throughout the world, with both public health and economic implications. One contributing source to such pollution is stormwater runoff, often treated using various types of stormwater control measures. However, relatively little is known regarding microbe sequestration in constructed stormwater wetlands (CSWs), one type of commonly installed ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Impact of carwash discharge on stormwater quality (Toulouse, France)

    The contribution of discharge from carwashes to pollutant levels in stormwater was evaluated. Five carwashes and two outlets in the city of Toulouse (France) were selected. Water samples were collected from December 2006 to December 2007. Concentrations and loadings of classical water quality parameters (conductivity, pH, turbidity, chemical oxygen demand, nitrogen, phosphorus, ammonium, nitrate, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Preliminary stabilisation of stormwater biofilters and loss of filter material

    Stabilisation affects performance of stormwater biofilters operating under intermittent wetting and drying, mainly due to wash-off of filter material. Understanding the dynamics of solids wash-off is crucial in designing stormwater biofilters. The current study analysed the dynamics of solids wash-off in stormwater biofilters and quantified the loss of solids from the filter. Four Perspex™ ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Stormwater Management Program Long-Term Effectiveness Monitoring: Can I Reduce Sampling Frequency and Still Detect Trends to Determine BMP Effectiveness

     INTRODUCTION Stormwater program managers are challenged with meeting regulatory monitoring requirements to identify long-term trends and the effectiveness of the implementation of Best Management Practices (BMPs) and meeting multiple program requirements with finite resources. This paper provides stormwater managers with methods and several real-world scenarios using 10 years of data from ...


    By Weston Solutions, Inc

  • Ecotoxicological characterisation of sediments from stormwater retention basins

    Retention–detention basins are important structures for managing stormwater. However, their long-term operation raises the problem of managing the sediments they accumulate. Potential uses for such sediments have been envisaged, but each sediment must be characterised beforehand to verify its harmlessness. In this paper we address this issue through the development of a battery of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Bioswales reduce contaminants associated with toxicity in urban stormwater

    Contamination and toxicity associated with urban stormwater runoff are a growing concern because of the potential for receiving system impacts. California water regulators are mandating implementation of green infrastructure as part of new urban development projects to treat stormwater and increase infiltration. Parking lot bioswales are low impact development practices that promote filtering ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Stormwater input of pyrethroid insecticides to an urban river

    The American River flows for nearly 50 km through highly urbanized lands surrounding Sacramento, California, USA. Twenty‐three streams, drainage canals, or pumping stations discharge urban runoff to the river, with the cumulative effect of nearly doubling the river's flow during rain events. During winter storms, the water column in the most downstream 13‐km reach of the river exhibited toxicity ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Element patterns for particulate matter in stormwater effluent

    Particulate matter in stormwater deteriorates the quality of receiving water and sediment. Characterization of stormwater particulate matter by means of its particle-associated element pattern provides an aid to determining its impact on receiving surface waters. During a 6 month measurement campaign, we determined particle-associated concentrations of major pollutants and rare earths for three ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Calibration of stormwater quality regression models: a random process?

    Regression models are among the most frequently used models to estimate pollutants event mean concentrations (EMC) in wet weather discharges in urban catchments. Two main questions dealing with the calibration of EMC regression models are investigated: i) the sensitivity of models to the size and the content of data sets used for their calibration, ii) the change of modelling results when models ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Characterisation and settling of solids in an open, grassed, stormwater sewer network detention basin

    ABSTRACTThe objective of the study is to develop new operational management practices for detention tanks during rainfall events in order to limit flooding risk and, at the same time, to reduce pollutant discharges by optimising the settling process. This paper presents the results of the characterisation of settled particles in an open stormwater detention basin with grassed banks and bottom, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Seasonal size distributions of suspended solids in a stormwater management pond

    ABSTRACTThree seasonal surveys of suspended solids were carried out in an on-stream stormwater management pond, by means of a submersible laser particle size analyser. Size distributions were measured at up to 17 points in the pond, and water samples collected at the same locations were analysed for primary particles aggregated in flocs. Observed suspended solids were mostly composed of flocs, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Quality and first flush analysis of stormwater runoff from a tropical commercial catchment

    This paper examines the storm runoff quality from a commercial area in south Johor, Malaysia. Six storm events with a total of 68 storm runoff samples were analyzed. Event Mean Concentration (EMC) for all constituents analysed showed large inter-event variation. Site mean concentrations (SMC) for total suspended solids (TSS), oil and grease (O&G), biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), chemical oxygen ...


    By IWA Publishing

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