stormwater test Articles

  • Stormwater Management for Urban Environments

    IntroductionElmhurst College, a hundred-thirty-five year old private learning institution, is proceeding with a campus redevelopment project that will include a one hundred seventy bed residence hall. In addition, the college continues to be a role model for sustainable site design and an educational resource for both students and the community.The need for additional housing, due to ...


    By Advanced Pavement Technology

  • Stormwater Solids Reduction for NPDES Permits

    Finally obtaining a National Pollution Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) Permit is often a relief but is by far not the end of the story. Meeting the requirements of that permit often proves to be quite difficult and stiff fines are freely doled out to those who fail to meet regulatory limits. For one Midwest jet propulsion manufacturing facility, the issue of total daily solids discharge ...

  • A Comprehesive Approach to Performance Verification for Stormwater Treatment Systems

    In recent years, there have been several attempts to standardize field testing protocols to address the difficulty of comparing the performance of different stormwater treatment technologies tested under disparate field conditions and protocols. Following these protocols will enable a direct evaluation of a particular best management practice’s (BMP) ability to capture a specific pollutant load ...


  • Stormwater quality models: performance and sensitivity analysis

    The complex nature of pollutant accumulation and washoff, along with high temporal and spatial variations, pose challenges for the development and establishment of accurate and reliable models of the pollution generation process in urban environments. Therefore, the search for reliable stormwater quality models remains an important area of research. Model calibration and sensitivity analysis of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Washington State DOE stormwater report - Case Study

    Fitesa, a non-wovens manufacturer in the state of Washington consistently tests stormwater but experienced problems meeting the stormwater standards for zinc and copper discharge. Zinc is used in galvanized metal, shingles, finishes in paints, and car tires—zinc iseverywhere. Copper is used in items such as in brake linings and pressure treated lumber. At sites near heavily traveled roads, ...

  • Improving sediment removal in standard stormwater sumps

    Standard sumps are an important component of our stormwater drainage system. Recently they have received significant attention as a stormwater pre-treatment device to remove sediment from stormwater runoff. The objective of this research is to explore some simple structures to be installed inside standard sumps to improve sediment removal efficiency. A number of structures were tested and two ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Occurrence of rate limited sorption in stormwater biofiltration systems

    Batch and column studies were conducted using synthetic stormwater with mixtures of 0.6 mm glass beads and compost particles of either 1.18 or 4.75 mm. Batch tests showed that rate limited uptake of zinc occurred onto both particle sizes. The column containing the 1.18 mm particles could be fitted by a Freundlich sorption isotherm while the other column exhibited a diffuse front and tailing and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Ecotoxicological characterisation of sediments from stormwater retention basins

    Retention–detention basins are important structures for managing stormwater. However, their long-term operation raises the problem of managing the sediments they accumulate. Potential uses for such sediments have been envisaged, but each sediment must be characterised beforehand to verify its harmlessness. In this paper we address this issue through the development of a battery of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Alternatives for Finding Illicit Discharges to Stormwater Systems

    ABSTRACT Provisions of the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permits for stormwater discharges require that permits for municipal separate storm sewers systems (MS4s) shall include a requirement to effectively prohibit problematic non-storm water discharges into storm sewers. Emphasis is placed on the elimination of inappropriateconnections to urban storm drains. ...

  • Preliminary stabilisation of stormwater biofilters and loss of filter material

    Stabilisation affects performance of stormwater biofilters operating under intermittent wetting and drying, mainly due to wash-off of filter material. Understanding the dynamics of solids wash-off is crucial in designing stormwater biofilters. The current study analysed the dynamics of solids wash-off in stormwater biofilters and quantified the loss of solids from the filter. Four Perspex™ ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Stormwater and Spill Management at an Iron Pipe Foundry in Texas

    ABSTRACTLarge industrial sites have had permits for storm water discharges under the NPDES program of the Clean Water Act since the mid to late 80’s. Recent emphasis has been placed on regulated facilities to prepare and implement Spill Prevention, Control and Countermeasure (SPCC) plans under the Oil Pollution Prevention Act (40 CFR 112). A large iron pipe foundry in Texas has several storm ...

  • Inclined Plate Settlers to Treat Stormwater Solids

    ABSTRACTIt has been well-documented that, in stormwater runoff, many of the problem pollutants are associated with the particulate fraction. Past characterization of urban runoff and source contributions has shown the following: (a) soil disturbance increased the TSS and turbidity in the runoff; and (b) correlations were observed between TSS and particulate runoff concentrations of chromium, ...

  • Stormwater input of pyrethroid insecticides to an urban river

    The American River flows for nearly 50 km through highly urbanized lands surrounding Sacramento, California, USA. Twenty‐three streams, drainage canals, or pumping stations discharge urban runoff to the river, with the cumulative effect of nearly doubling the river's flow during rain events. During winter storms, the water column in the most downstream 13‐km reach of the river exhibited toxicity ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Bioswales reduce contaminants associated with toxicity in urban stormwater

    Contamination and toxicity associated with urban stormwater runoff are a growing concern because of the potential for receiving system impacts. California water regulators are mandating implementation of green infrastructure as part of new urban development projects to treat stormwater and increase infiltration. Parking lot bioswales are low impact development practices that promote filtering ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Preliminary investigation into the pollution reduction performance of swales used in a stormwater treatment train

    Permeable pavements have been shown to be effective stormwater treatment devices that can greatly reduce surface runoff and significantly improve the quality of stormwater runoff in urban areas. However, the potential problems with sediment clogging and consequent maintenance requirements have been identified as the main barriers to more widespread adoption of permeable pavements in urban ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A new empirical model for stormwater TSS event mean concentrations (EMCs)

    An empirical model for TSS event mean concentrations in storm weather discharges has been derived from the analysis of data sets collected in two experimental catchments (Chassieu, separate system and Ecully, combined system) in Lyon, France. Preliminary tests have shown that the values of TSS EMCs were linked to the variable X =TP ×ADWP (TP rainfall depth, ADWP antecedent dry ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Blue Heron Ultraviolet Stormwater Management System case study

    Horry County Engineering Department Myrtle Beach, South Carolina, USA Even a single day of beach closure has a major impact on the tourist-dependent economy of beach communities. To reduce beach closures in Myrtle Beach, HDR used ultraviolet (UV) light to treat stormwater runoff to reduce pathogens prior to discharge to the ocean. The system uses disinfection ...


  • Restoration of stormwater retention capacity at the allotment-scale through a novel economic instrument

    Urbanisation results in changes to runoff behaviour which, if not addressed, inevitably degrade receiving waters. To date, most stormwater management has focussed on the streetscape and public open space. Given that much of the catchment imperviousness is located on private land, we developed and tested a novel economic instrument (a uniform price auction) for encouraging allotment-scale ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Evironmentally Concious Stormwater Management Through Sustainable Design and Best Management Practices

    ABSTRACTBecause development has dramatically altered the hydrologic environment’s sustainability, the Milwaukee Metropolitan Sewerage District (MMSD) is encouraging the use of “green” design through stormwater management BMPs. The MMSD asked Graef, Anhalt, Schloemer and Associates, Inc. (GAS) to evaluate and design stormwater management BMPs. The MMSD headquarters in Milwaukee, WI is serving as ...

  • The development of a novel approach for assessment of the first flush in urban stormwater discharges

    The management of stormwater pollution has placed particular emphasis on the first flush phenomenon. However, definition and current methods of analyses of the phenomena contain serious limitations, the most important being their inability to capture a possible impact of the event size (total event volume) on the first flush. This paper presents the development of a novel approach in defining and ...


    By IWA Publishing

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